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Topic: Changes in transportation over time 

Grades K-4 History

 Standard 8.  Understands major discoveries in science and technology, some of their social and economic effects, and the major scientists and inventors responsible for them
  Level I (Grade K-2)
   Benchmark 3.Knows basic information about marine transportation (e.g., the technology and activities of people along the Erie Canal)
    Knowledge/skill statements
     1.Understands the technology of the Erie Canal
     2.Understands the activities of people along the Erie Canal
   Benchmark 6.Understands differences in the methods of travel from various times in human history and the advantages and disadvantages of each (e.g., the use of animals such as horses and camels; nonmotorized vehicles such as chariots and hot air balloons; motorized vehicles such as railroads, automobiles, and airplanes; modern space advancements)
    Knowledge/skill statements
     1.Knows that animals such as horses and camels have been used as a method of travel
     2.Understands the advantages and disadvantages of using animals such as horses and camels as a method of travel
     3.Knows that nonmotorized vehicles such as chariots and hot air balloons have been used as a method of travel
     4.Understands the advantages and disadvantages of using nonmotorized vehicles such as chariots and hot air balloons as a method of travel
     5.Knows that motorized vehicles such as railroads, automobiles, and airplanes are used today as a method of travel
     6.Understands the advantages and disadvantages of using motorized vehicles such as railroads, automobiles, and airplanes as a method of travel
     7.Knows that modern space advancements have allowed travel in space
     8.Understands the advantages and disadvantages of space travel
  Level II (Grade 3-4)
   Benchmark 1.Knows about the development of the wheel and its early uses in ancient societies
    Knowledge/skill statements
     1.Knows how the wheel was developed
     2.Knows how ancient societies used the wheel
   Benchmark 5.Knows the different forms of transportation and their developments over time
    Knowledge/skill statements
     1.Knows that there are different forms of transportation
     2.Knows that different forms of transportation have developed over time
   Benchmark 6.Understands the development in marine vessels constructed by people from ancient times until today (e.g., early dugout Phoenician ships, Native American canoes, the Portuguese caravel, the Chinese vessels used by Zheng He, the Arab dhow, the Norse long ships, currachs used in the British Isles, square riggers, aircraft carriers, submarines, bathyscaphs)
    Knowledge/skill statements
     1.Understands that marine vessels have developed over time
     2.Understands that early dugout Phoenician ships were a type of marine vessel
     3.Understands that the Native American canoe was a type of marine vessel
     4.Understands that the Portuguese caravel was a type of marine vessel
     5.Understands that the Chinese vessels used by Zheng He were a type of marine vessel
     6.Understands that the Arab dhow was a type of marine vessel
     7.Understands that the Norse long ships were a type of marine vessel
     8.Understands that currachs used in the British Isles are a type of marine vessel
     9.Understands that a square rigger is a type of marine vessel
     10.Understands that an aircraft carrier is a type of marine vessel
     11.Understands that a submarine is a type of marine vessel
     12.Understands that a bathyscaph is a type of marine vessel
   Benchmark 7.Understands the development of extensive road systems (e.g., the Roman system of roads; the trade routes by camel caravan linking East Asia, Southwest Asia, and Africa during the ancient and early Middle Ages; the network of roads and highways of the Inca in Peru; the interstate highway system), the travel and communication difficulties encountered by people over vast expanses of territory, and the social and economic effects of these developments
    Knowledge/skill statements
     1.Understands the development of extensive road systems in different time periods
     2.Understands the development of the Roman system of roads
     3.Understands the development of the trade routes by camel caravan linking East Asia, Southwest Asia, and Africa during the ancient and early Middle Ages
     4.Understands the development of the Incan network of roads and highways in Peru
     5.Understands the development of the modern interstate highway system
     6.Understands travel difficulties encountered by people over vast expanses of territory
     7.Understands communication difficulties encountered by people over vast expanses of territory
     8.Understands the social effects of the development of extensive road systems
     9.Understands the economic effects of the development of extensive road systems
   Benchmark 8.Knows the developments in rail transportation beginning in the 19th century and the effects of national systems of railroad transport on the lives of people
    Knowledge/skill statements
     1.Knows that rail transportation was developed in the 19th century
     2.Knows the developments in rail transportation since its origin
     3.Understands the effects of national railroad systems on people’s lives
   Benchmark 9.Understands the design and development of aircraft and rocketry, and the people involved
    Knowledge/skill statements
     1.Understands the design of aircraft
     2.Understands the development of aircraft
     3.Knows the people involved in the design and development of aircraft
     4.Understands the design of rocketry
     5.Understands the development of rocketry
     6.Knows the people involved in the design and development of rocketry
   Benchmark 10.Knows about people who have made significant contributions in the field of transportation (e.g., Henry Ford, Amelia Earhart, John Glenn, Sally Ride)
    Knowledge/skill statements
     1.Knows that Henry Ford made a significant contribution in the field of transportation by initiating the mass production of automobiles
     2.Knows that Amelia Earhart made a significant contribution in the field of transportation by being the first woman to fly an airplane across the Atlantic Ocean
     3.Knows that John Glenn made a significant contribution in the field of transportation by being the first American to orbit the Earth
     4.Knows that Sally Ride made a significant contribution in the field of transportation by being the first American woman astronaut