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Topic: Changes in communication over time 

Grades K-4 History

 Standard 8.  Understands major discoveries in science and technology, some of their social and economic effects, and the major scientists and inventors responsible for them
  Level I (Grade K-2)
   Benchmark 4.Knows the ways people communicate with each other now and long ago, and the technological developments that facilitated communication (e.g., speaking by gestures, transmitting stories orally, pictographs, hieroglyphics, different alphabets, writing by hand, printing techniques, the invention of the telegraph and telephone, satellite transmission of messages)
    Knowledge/skill statements
     1.Knows that people communicated with each other in the past by speaking by gestures
     2.Knows that people communicated with each other in the past by transmitting stories orally
     3.Knows that people communicated with each other in the past through pictographs
     4.Knows that people communicated with each other in the past through hieroglyphics
     5.Knows that people communicate with each other through different alphabets
     6.Knows that people communicate with each other by writing by hand
     7.Knows that people communicate with each other by using printing techniques
     8.Knows that people have communicated with each other by telegraph
     9.Knows that people communicate with each other by telephone
     10.Knows that people communicate with each other by satellite transmission of messages
     11.Knows that the invention of the telegraph facilitated communication between people
     12.Knows that the invention of the telephone facilitated communication between people
   Benchmark 5.Knows various systems of long-distance communication and their effects (e.g., runners, the "talking drums" of Africa, smoke signals of Native Americans, the pony express, the telegraph, telephones, satellite systems)
    Knowledge/skill statements
     1.Knows that runners have been used as a system of long-distance communication
     2.Knows the effects of using runners as a system of long-distance communication
     3.Knows that "talking drums" have been used in Africa as a system of long-distance communication
     4.Knows the effects of using "talking drums" as a system of long-distance communication
     5.Knows that Native Americans used smoke signals as a system of long-distance communication
     6.Knows the effects of using smoke signals as a system of long-distance communication
     7.Knows that the pony express was a system of long-distance communication
     8.Knows the effects of the pony express as a system of long-distance communication
     9.Knows that the telegraph is a system of long-distance communication
     10.Knows the effects of using the telegraph as a system of long-distance communication
     11.Knows that telephones are used as a system of long-distance communication
     12.Knows the effects of using telephones as a system of long-distance communication
     13.Knows that satellite systems are systems of long-distance communication
     14.Knows the effects of the use of satellite systems as systems of long-distance communication
  Level II (Grade 3-4)
   Benchmark 11.Understands the origins and changes in methods of writing over time and how the changes made communications between people more effective (e.g., pictographs, cuneiform, hieroglyphics, alphabets)
    Knowledge/skill statements
     1.Understands the origins of various methods of writing
     2.Understands that methods of writing have changed over time
     3.Understands how changes in methods of writing have made communications between people more effective
     4.Knows that pictographs are a method of writing
     5.Knows that cuneiform is a method of writing
     6.Knows that hieroglyphics are a method of writing
     7.Knows that alphabets are a method of writing
   Benchmark 12.Understands the significance of the printing press, the computer, and electronic developments in communication and their impact on the spread of ideas
    Knowledge/skill statements
     1.Understands the significance of the printing press
     2.Understands the impact of the printing press on the spread of ideas
     3.Understands the significance of the computer
     4.Understands the impact of the computer on the spread of ideas
     5.Understands the significance of electronic developments in communication
     6.Understands the impact of electronic developments in communication on the spread of ideas
   Benchmark 13.Knows about people who have made significant contributions in the field of communications (e.g., the inventors of the telegraph, telephone, the Braille alphabet, radio, television, the computer, satellite communication)
    Knowledge/skill statements
     1.Knows the inventor of the telegraph
     2.Knows the inventor of the telephone
     3.Knows the inventor of the Braille alphabet
     4.Knows the inventor of the radio
     5.Knows the inventor of the television
     6.Knows the inventor of the computer
     7.Knows the inventor of satellite communication