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Topic: Celebrations, traditions, and customs 

Civics

 Standard 9.  Understands the importance of Americans sharing and supporting certain values, beliefs, and principles of American constitutional democracy
  Level II (Grade 3-5)
   Benchmark 5.Knows how various American holidays reflect the shared values, principles, and beliefs of Americans (e.g., Fourth of July; Labor Day; Memorial Day; Presidents' Day; Columbus Day; Thanksgiving; Veterans Day; Martin Luther King, Jr.'s Birthday)
    Knowledge/skill statements
     1.Knows how the Fourth of July reflects the shared values, principles, and beliefs of Americans
     2.Knows how Labor Day reflects the shared values, principles, and beliefs of Americans
     3.Knows how Memorial Day reflects the shared values, principles, and beliefs of Americans
     4.Knows how Presidents’ Day reflects the shared values, principles, and beliefs of Americans
     5.Knows how Columbus Day reflects the shared values, principles, and beliefs of Americans
     6.Knows how Thanksgiving reflects the shared values, principles, and beliefs of Americans
     7.Knows how Veterans Day reflects the shared values, principles, and beliefs of Americans

Grades K-4 History

 Standard 1.  Understands family life now and in the past, and family life in various places long ago
  Level I (Grade K-2)
   Benchmark 5.Understands personal family or cultural heritage through stories, songs, and celebrations
    Knowledge/skill statements
     2.Understands family heritage through songs
     3.Understands family heritage through celebrations
     4.Understands cultural heritage through stories
     5.Understands cultural heritage through songs
     6.Understands cultural heritage through celebrations
 Standard 4.  Understands how democratic values came to be, and how they have been exemplified by people, events, and symbols
  Level I (Grade K-2)
   Benchmark 7.Understands the reasons that Americans celebrate certain national holidays (e.g., Martin Luther King, Jr. Day; the Fourth of July; Memorial Day)
    Knowledge/skill statements
     1.Knows that Americans celebrate Martin Luther King, Jr. Day to commemorate the birthday of civil rights leader Martin Luther King, Jr.
     2.Knows that Americans celebrate the Fourth of July to commemorate the formation of the United States
     3.Knows that Americans celebrate Memorial Day to commemorate all who have died in wars in which the United States fought
  Level II (Grade 3-4)
   Benchmark 8.Understands the historical events and democratic values commemorated by major national holidays (e.g., Martin Luther King, Jr. Day; Presidents’ Day; Memorial Day; the Fourth of July; Labor Day; Veterans’ Day; Thanksgiving)
    Knowledge/skill statements
     1.Knows that Americans celebrate national holidays to commemorate historical events
     2.Knows that Americans celebrate national holidays to commemorate democratic values
     3.Knows that Americans celebrate Martin Luther King, Jr. Day to commemorate Martin Luther King, Jr.’s leadership of the civil rights movement
     4.Knows that Americans celebrate Presidents’ Day to commemorate the birthdays of Presidents George Washington and Abraham Lincoln
     5.Knows that Americans celebrate Memorial Day to commemorate those who died in wars in which the United States fought
     6.Knows that Americans celebrate the Fourth of July to commemorate the formation of the United States
     7.Knows that Americans celebrate Labor Day to commemorate the contributions of all American workers
     8.Knows that Americans celebrate Veterans’ Day to commemorate the service of the men and women who were members of the armed forces
     9.Knows that Americans celebrate Thanksgiving to commemorate the harvest feast held by the Pilgrims
 Standard 6.  Understands the folklore and other cultural contributions from various regions of the United States and how they helped to form a national heritage
  Level I (Grade K-2)
   Benchmark 1.Knows regional folk heroes, stories, or songs that have contributed to the development of the cultural history of the U.S. (e.g., Pecos Bill, Brer Rabbit, Paul Bunyan, Davey Crockett, John Henry, Joe Magarac)
    Knowledge/skill statements
     1.Knows that Pecos Bill is a regional folk hero whose story has contributed to the development of the cultural history of the United States
     2.Knows that the regional folk story of Brer Rabbit has contributed to the development of the cultural history of the United States
     3.Knows that Paul Bunyan is a regional folk hero whose story has contributed to the development of the cultural history of the United States
     4.Knows that Davey Crockett is a regional folk hero whose story has contributed to the development of the cultural history of the United States
     5.Knows that John Henry is a regional folk hero whose story has contributed to the development of the cultural history of the United States
     6.Knows that Joe Magarac is a regional folk hero whose story has contributed to the development of the cultural history of the United States
   Benchmark 2.Knows the differences between toys and games children played long ago and the toys and games of today
    Knowledge/skill statements
     1.Knows toys used by children long ago
     2.Knows toys used by children today
     3.Knows that children’s toys today are different from those used by children long ago
     4.Knows games played by children long ago
     5.Knows games played by children today
     6.Knows that children’s games today are different from those played by children long ago
 Standard 7.  Understands selected attributes and historical developments of societies in Africa, the Americas, Asia, and Europe
  Level I (Grade K-2)
   Benchmark 2.Knows the holidays and ceremonies of different societies (e.g., Christmas celebrations in Scandinavia, Germany, or England; Cinco de Mayo; the Chinese New Year; the Japanese tea ceremony; harvest and spring festivals)
    Knowledge/skill statements
     1.Knows how Christmas is celebrated in Scandinavia
     2.Knows how Christmas is celebrated in Germany
     3.Knows how Christmas is celebrated in England
     4.Knows that Cinco de Mayo is a celebration of Mexican independence from Spain
     5.Knows that the Chinese New Year is celebrated
     6.Knows that the tea ceremony is a significant custom in Japan
     7.Knows that different societies hold festivals to celebrate the harvest
     8.Knows that different societies hold festivals to celebrate the arrival of spring