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Topic: Causes and effects in history  

Historical Understanding

 Standard 2.  Understands the historical perspective
  Level II (Grade 5-6)
   Benchmark 2.Understands that specific individuals had a great impact on history
    Knowledge/skill statements
     1.Understands that a single individual can have a great impact on history
     2.Knows examples of specific individuals who had a great impact on history
   Benchmark 3.Understands that specific ideas had an impact on history
    Knowledge/skill statements
     1.Understands that an idea can have an impact on history
     2.Knows an example of an idea that has had a significant impact on history
   Benchmark 4.Understands that "chance events" had an impact on history
    Knowledge/skill statements
     1.Knows an example of a chance event that had an impact on history
   Benchmark 5.Understands that specific decisions and events had an impact on history
    Knowledge/skill statements
     1.Knows examples of specific decisions that had an impact on history
     2.Knows examples of specific events that had an impact on history
   Benchmark 7.Predicts how events might have turned out differently in one's local community if specific individuals or groups had chosen different courses of action
    Knowledge/skill statements
     1.Knows examples of individuals who have had an impact on events of the local community
     2.Knows examples of groups who have had an impact on events of the local community
  Level III (Grade 6-8)
   Benchmark 2.Analyzes the influence specific ideas and beliefs had on a period of history
    Knowledge/skill statements
     1.Understands that specific ideas can have an impact on a period of history
     2.Understands that specific beliefs can have an impact on history
     3.Knows how to trace the influence of an idea or belief
   Benchmark 3.Analyzes the effect that specific "chance events" had on history
    Knowledge/skill statements
     1.Knows a specific "chance event" that had an effect on history
     2.Knows how to identify the effect of a "chance event" on history
   Benchmark 4.Analyzes the effects specific decisions had on history
    Knowledge/skill statements
     1.Knows a specific decision that had an effect on history
  Level IV (Grade 9-12)
   Benchmark 2.Analyzes the influences specific ideas and beliefs had on a period of history and specifies how events might have been different in the absence of those ideas and beliefs
    Knowledge/skill statements
     1.Knows specific ideas that had an influence on a period of history
     2.Knows specific beliefs that had an influence on a period of history
     3.Speculates how a period of history might have been different in the absence of specific ideas
     4.Speculates how a period of history might have been different in the absence of specific beliefs
   Benchmark 3.Analyzes the effects that specific "chance events" had on history and specifies how things might have been different in the absence of those events
    Knowledge/skill statements
     1.Speculates how a period of history might have been different in the absence of a specific "chance event"
   Benchmark 4.Analyzes the effects specific decisions had on history and studies how things might have been different in the absence of those decisions
    Knowledge/skill statements
     1.Speculates how a period of history might have been different in the absence of a specific decision
   Benchmark 5.Understands that the consequences of human intentions are influenced by the means of carrying them out
    Knowledge/skill statements
     1.Knows that human intentions must be carried out in order to have consequences
     2.Knows that the consequences of an act are related to the way in which the act is carried out
   Benchmark 10.Understands how the past affects our private lives and society in general
    Knowledge/skill statements
     1.Understands how the past affects our private lives
     2.Understands how the past affects society in general