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Topic: Vibrations and waves  

Science

 Standard 9.  Understands the sources and properties of energy
  Level I (Grade K-2)
   Benchmark 4.Knows that sound is produced by vibrating objects
    Knowledge/skill statements
     1.Knows that vibrating objects move back and forth rapidly
  Level II (Grade 3-5)
   Benchmark 4.Knows that the pitch of a sound depends on the frequency of the vibration producing it
    Knowledge/skill statements
     1.Knows that pitch is the highness or lowness of a sound
     2.Knows that high frequency vibrations produce high sounds
     3.Knows that low frequency vibrations produce low sounds
  Level III (Grade 6-8)
   Benchmark 7.Knows that vibrations (e.g., sounds, earthquakes) move at different speeds in different materials, have different wavelengths, and set up wave-like disturbances that spread away from the source
    Knowledge/skill statements
     1.Knows that vibrations move at different speeds in different materials
     2.Knows that sounds move at different speeds in different materials
     3.Knows that earthquakes move at different speeds in different materials
     4.Knows that vibrations have different wavelengths
     5.Knows that sounds have different wavelengths
     6.Knows that earthquakes have different wavelengths
     7.Knows that vibrations set up wave-like disturbances that spread away from their source
     8.Knows that sounds set up wave-like disturbances that spread away from their source
     9.Knows that earthquakes set up wave-like disturbances that spread away from their source
   Benchmark 8.Knows that waves (e.g., sound, seismic, water, light) have energy and interact with matter (e.g., light scattering) and can transfer energy (e.g., light absorption)
    Knowledge/skill statements
     1.Knows that waves have energy
     2.Knows that waves interact with matter
     3.Knows that sound waves have energy
     4.Knows that seismic waves have energy
     5.Knows that water waves have energy
     6.Knows that light waves have energy
     7.Knows that waves can transfer energy when they interact with matter
     8.Knows that sound waves can transfer energy when they interact with matter
     9.Knows that seismic waves can transfer energy when they interact with matter
     10.Knows that water waves can transfer energy when they interact with matter
     11.Knows that light waves can transfer energy when they interact with matter
     12.Knows that light interacts with matter by scattering
     13.Knows that light interacts with matter by absorption
  Level IV (Grade 9-12)
   Benchmark 6.Understands that waves have characteristic properties (e.g., wavelength, frequency, amplitude, speed) and behaviors (e.g., reflection, refraction, transmission, interference)
    Knowledge/skill statements
     1.Understands that waves have characteristic properties
     2.Understands that wavelength is a characteristic property of a wave
     3.Understands that frequency is a characteristic property of a wave
     4.Understands that amplitude is a characteristic property of a wave
     5.Understands that speed is a characteristic property of a wave
     6.Understands that waves have characteristic behaviors
     7.Understands that reflection is a characteristic behavior of a wave
     8.Understands that refraction is a characteristic behavior of a wave
     9.Understands that transmission is a characteristic behavior of a wave
     10.Understands that interference is a characteristic behavior of a wave
   Benchmark 7.Knows the range of the electromagnetic spectrum (e.g., radio waves, microwaves, infrared radiation, visible light, ultraviolet radiation, x-rays, gamma rays); electromagnetic waves result when a charged object is accelerated or decelerated, and the energy of electromagnetic waves is carried in packets whose magnitude is inversely proportional to the wavelength
    Knowledge/skill statements
     1.Knows the range of the electromagnetic spectrum
     2.Knows the electromagnetic spectrum includes radio waves
     3.Knows the electromagnetic spectrum includes microwaves
     4.Knows the electromagnetic spectrum includes infrared radiation
     5.Knows the electromagnetic spectrum includes visible light
     6.Knows the electromagnetic spectrum includes ultraviolet radiation
     7.Knows the electromagnetic spectrum includes x-rays
     8.Knows the electromagnetic spectrum includes gamma-rays
     9.Knows that electromagnetic waves result when a charged object is accelerated
     10.Knows that electromagnetic waves result when a charged object is decelerated
     11.Knows that the energy of electromagnetic waves is carried in packets whose magnitude is inversely proportional to their wavelength
 Standard 10.  Understands forces and motion
  Level IV (Grade 9-12)
   Benchmark 9.Knows that apparent changes in wavelength can provide information about changes in motion because the observed wavelength of a wave depends upon the relative motion of the source and the observer; if either the source or observer is moving toward the other, the observed wavelength is shorter; if either is moving away, the wavelength is longer
    Knowledge/skill statements
     1.Knows that apparent changes in wavelength can provide information about changes in motion
     2.Knows that the observed wavelength of a wave depends upon the relative motion of the source
     3.Knows that the observed wavelength of a wave depends upon the relative motion of the observer
     4.Knows that if either the source or the observer is moving toward the other, the observed wavelength is shorter
     5.Knows that if either the source or the observer is moving away from the other, the observed wavelength is longer