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Topic: The Solar System 

Science

 Standard 3.  Understands the composition and structure of the universe and the Earth's place in it
  Level II (Grade 3-5)
   Benchmark 2.Knows that the Earth is one of several planets that orbit the Sun and that the Moon orbits the Earth
    Knowledge/skill statements
     1.Knows that the Earth is one of several planets that orbit the Sun
     2.Knows that the Moon orbits around the Earth
   Benchmark 4.Knows that planets look like stars, but over time they appear to wander among the constellations
    Knowledge/skill statements
     1.Knows that planets look like stars
     2.Knows that planets appear to wander among constellations over time
  Level III (Grade 6-8)
   Benchmark 1.Knows characteristics and movement patterns of the planets in our Solar System (e.g., planets differ in size, composition, and surface features; planets move around the Sun in elliptical orbits; some planets have moons, rings of particles, and other satellites orbiting them)
    Knowledge/skill statements
     1.Knows the characteristics of the planets in our Solar System
     2.Knows the movement patterns of the planets in our Solar System
     3.Knows that the planets differ in size
     4.Knows that the planets differ in composition
     5.Knows that the planets differ in surface features
     6.Knows that the planets move around the Sun in elliptical orbits
     7.Knows that some planets have moons orbiting them
     8.Knows that some planets have particle rings orbiting them
     9.Knows that some planets have satellites orbiting them
   Benchmark 3.Knows characteristics of the Sun and its position in the universe (e.g., the Sun is a medium-sized star; it is the closest star to Earth; it is the central and largest body in the Solar System; it is located at the edge of a disk-shaped galaxy)
    Knowledge/skill statements
     1.Knows characteristics of the Sun
     2.Knows the Sun’s position in the universe
     3.Knows the Sun is a medium size star
     4.Knows the Sun is the closest star to Earth
     5.Knows the Sun is the central body in our Solar System
     6.Knows the Sun is largest body in our Solar System
     7.Knows the Sun is located at edge of a disk-shaped galaxy
   Benchmark 4.Knows that gravitational force keeps planets in orbit around the Sun and moons in orbit around the planets
    Knowledge/skill statements
     1.Knows that gravitational forces keep the planets in orbit around the Sun
     2.Knows that gravitational forces keep moons in orbit around the planets
   Benchmark 5.Knows characteristics and movement patterns of asteroids, comets, and meteors
    Knowledge/skill statements
     1.Knows the characteristics of asteroids
     2.Knows the characteristics of comets
     3.Knows the characteristics of meteors
     4.Knows the movement patterns of asteroids
     5.Knows the movement patterns of comets
     6.Knows the movement patterns of meteors
   Benchmark 7.Knows that the Earth is distinguished from other known celestial bodies in that it is the only planet known to harbor life although similar planets might yet be discovered in the universe
    Knowledge/skill statements
     1.Knows that the Earth is different from other known celestial bodies
     2.Knows that similar planets might be discovered in the universe