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Topic: Emergency care 

Health

 Standard 5.  Knows essential concepts and practices concerning injury prevention and safety
  Level Pre-K (Grade Pre-K)
   Benchmark 5.Knows the routines to follow in emergency situations (e.g., fire and earthquake drills, calling 911)
    Knowledge/skill statements
     1.Knows the appropriate response to a fire drill
     2.Knows the appropriate response to an earthquake drill
     3.Knows when it is appropriate to call 911
     4.Understands the basic concept of an emergency
  Level I (Grade K-2)
   Benchmark 3.Knows how to recognize emergencies and respond appropriately (e.g., uses a telephone appropriately to obtain help; identifies and obtains help from police officers, fire fighters, and medical personnel; treats simple injuries such as scratches, cuts, bruises, and first-degree burns)
    Knowledge/skill statements
     1.Knows how to recognize an emergency
     2.Knows the proper response to an emergency
     3.Knows when it’s appropriate to use a telephone appropriately to obtain help
     4.Knows how to identify a police officer
     5.Knows when it’s appropriate to obtain help from a police officer
     6.Knows how to identify a fire fighter
     7.Knows when it’s appropriate to obtain help from a fire fighter
     8.Knows how to identify medical personnel
     9.Knows when it’s appropriate to obtain help from medical personnel
     10.Knows strategies to treat simple injuries
     11.Knows strategies to treat scratches
     12.Knows strategies to treat minor cuts
     13.Knows strategies to treat bruises
     14.Knows strategies to treat first-degree burns
  Level II (Grade 3-5)
   Benchmark 3.Knows basic first aid procedures appropriate to common emergencies in home, school, and community (e.g., proper responses to breathing and choking problems, bleeding, shock, poisonings, minor burns; universal precautions to be taken when dealing with other people's blood)
    Knowledge/skill statements
     1.Knows basic first aid procedures appropriate to common emergencies at home
     2.Knows basic first aid procedures appropriate to common emergencies at school
     3.Knows basic first aid procedures appropriate to common emergencies in the community
     4.Knows the proper response to breathing problems
     5.Knows the proper response to choking problems
     6.Knows the proper response to bleeding
     7.Knows the proper response to shock
     8.Knows the proper response to minor burns
     9.Knows the proper response to poisonings
     10.Knows the universal precautions that should be taken when dealing with other people’s blood
  Level III (Grade 6-8)
   Benchmark 1.Knows injury prevention strategies for family health (e.g., having a personal and family emergency plan, including maintaining supplies in readiness for emergencies; identifying and removing safety hazards in the home)
    Knowledge/skill statements
     1.Understands the importance of having a personal emergency plan to prevent injury
     2.Understands the importance of having a family emergency plan to prevent injury
     3.Understands the importance of maintaining supplies in readiness for emergencies to prevent injury
     4.Understands the importance of identifying and removing safety hazards in the home to prevent injury
   Benchmark 2.Knows strategies for managing a range of situations involving injury (e.g., first aid procedures, abdominal thrust maneuver, cardiopulmonary resuscitation)
    Knowledge/skill statements
     1.Understands basic first aid procedures
     2.Knows situations for which first aid is appropriate
     3.Understands the abdominal thrust maneuver
     4.Knows situations for which the abdominal thrust maneuver is appropriate
     5.Understands cardiopulmonary resuscitation

Health Education

 Standard 3.  Understands the distinctions among the various levels of care
  Level IV (Grade 9-12)
   Benchmark 4.Knows basic skills and appropriate responses for various emergency encounters
    Knowledge/skill statements
     1.Knows basic skills for various emergency encounters
     2.Knows appropriate responses for various emergency encounters