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Topic: Structure and function in organisms 

Science

 Standard 5.  Understands the structure and function of cells and organisms
  Level I (Grade K-2)
   Benchmark 2.Knows that plants and animals have features that help them live in different environments
    Knowledge/skill statements
     1.Knows that plants have features to help them live in different environments
     2.Knows that animals have features to help them live in different environments
  Level II (Grade 3-5)
   Benchmark 2.Knows that living organisms have distinct structures and body systems that serve specific functions in growth, survival, and reproduction (e.g., various body structures for walking, flying, or swimming)
    Knowledge/skill statements
     1.Knows that organisms have distinct structures that serve specific functions in growth
     2.Knows that organisms have distinct structures that serve specific functions in survival
     3.Knows that organisms have distinct structures that serve specific functions in reproduction
     4.Knows that organisms have distinct body structures for walking
     5.Knows that organisms have distinct body structures for flying
     6.Knows that organisms have distinct body structures for swimming
     7.Knows that organisms have body systems that serve specific functions in growth
     8.Knows that organisms have body systems that serve specific functions in survival
     9.Knows that organisms have body systems that serve specific functions in reproduction
  Level III (Grade 6-8)
   Benchmark 1.Knows that all organisms are composed of cells, which are the fundamental units of life; most organisms are single cells, but other organisms (including humans) are multicellular
    Knowledge/skill statements
     1.Knows that all organisms are composed of cells
     2.Knows that cells are the fundamental units of life
     3.Knows that most organisms are single cells
     4.Knows that some organisms are multicellular, like humans
   Benchmark 3.Knows the levels of organization in living systems, including cells, tissues, organs, organ systems, whole organisms, ecosystems, and the complementary nature of structure and function at each level
    Knowledge/skill statements
     1.Knows the levels of organization in living systems
     2.Knows that cells form a level of organization within living systems
     3.Knows that tissues form a level of organization within living systems
     4.Knows that organs form a level of organization within living systems
     5.Knows that organ systems form a level of organization within living systems
     6.Knows that whole organisms form a level of organization within living systems
     7.Knows that ecosystems form a level of organization within living systems
     8.Knows the complementary nature of structure and function at each level of organization in living systems
   Benchmark 4.Knows that multicellular organisms have a variety of specialized cells, tissues, organs, and organ systems that perform specialized functions (e.g., digestion, respiration, reproduction, circulation, excretion, movement, control and coordination, protection from disease) and that the function of these systems affect one another
    Knowledge/skill statements
     1.Knows that multicellular organisms have specialized cells to perform specialized functions
     2.Knows that multicellular organisms have tissues to perform specialized functions
     3.Knows that multicellular organisms have organs to perform specialized functions
     4.Knows that multicellular organisms have organ systems to perform specialized functions
     5.Knows that digestion is a specialized function in multicellular organisms
     6.Knows that respiration is a specialized function in a multicellular organisms
     7.Knows that reproduction is a specialized function in multicellular organisms
     8.Knows that circulation is a specialized function in multicellular organisms
     9.Knows that excretion is a specialized function in multicellular organisms
     10.Knows that movement is a specialized function in multicellular organisms
     11.Knows that control and coordination is a specialized function in multicellular organisms
     12.Knows that protection from disease is a specialized function in multicellular organisms
     13.Knows that the function of organ systems affects one another
   Benchmark 5.Knows that organisms have a great variety of body plans
    Knowledge/skill statements
     1.Knows that organisms have a body plan
     2.Knows what a body plan is
   Benchmark 6.Knows how an organism’s ability to regulate its internal environment enables the organism to obtain and use resources, grow, reproduce, and maintain stable internal conditions while living in a constantly changing external environment
    Knowledge/skill statements
     1.Knows that an organism’s ability to regulate its internal environment enables it to obtain resources
     2.Knows that an organism’s ability to regulate its internal environment enables it to use resources
     3.Knows that an organism’s ability to regulate its internal environment enables it to grow
     4.Knows that an organism’s ability to regulate its internal environment enables it to reproduce
     5.Knows that an organism’s ability to regulate its internal environment enables it to live in a constantly changing environment
   Benchmark 8.Knows that disease in organisms can be caused by intrinsic failures of the system or infection by other organisms
    Knowledge/skill statements
     1.Knows that intrinsic failures of the system can cause disease in organisms
     2.Knows that infection by other organisms can cause disease in organisms
  Level IV (Grade 9-12)
   Benchmark 5.Knows that the complexity and organization of organisms accommodates the need for obtaining, transforming, transporting, releasing, and eliminating the matter and energy used to sustain the organism
    Knowledge/skill statements
     1.Knows that the complexity of an organism accommodates the need for obtaining matter used to sustain the organism
     2.Knows that the complexity of an organism accommodates the need for transforming matter used to sustain the organism
     3.Knows that the complexity of an organism accommodates the need for transporting matter used to sustain the organism
     4.Knows that the complexity of an organism accommodates the need for releasing matter used to sustain the organism
     5.Knows that the complexity of an organism accommodates the need for eliminating matter used to sustain the organism
     6.Knows that the complexity of an organism accommodates the need for obtaining energy used to sustain the organism
     7.Knows that the complexity of the organism accommodates the need for transforming energy used to sustain the organism
     8.Knows that the complexity of an organism accommodates the need for transporting energy used to sustain the organism
     9.Knows that the complexity of an organism accommodates the need for releasing energy used to sustain the organism
     10.Knows that the complexity of an organism accommodates the need for eliminating energy used to sustain the organism
     11.Knows that the organization of the organism accommodates the need for obtaining matter used to sustain the organism
     12.Knows that the organization of an organism accommodates the need for transforming matter used to sustain the organism
     13.Knows that the organization of an organism accommodates the need for transporting matter used to sustain the organism
     14.Knows that the organization of an organism accommodates the need for releasing energy used to sustain the organism
     15.Knows that the organization of an organism accommodates the need for eliminating matter used to sustain the organism
     16.Knows that the organization of an organism accommodates the need for obtaining energy used to sustain the organism
     17.Knows that the organization of an organism accommodates the need for transforming energy used to sustain the organism
     18.Knows that the organization of an organism accommodates the need for transporting energy used to sustain the organism
     19.Knows that the organization of an organism accommodates the need for releasing energy used to sustain the organism
     20.Knows that the organization of an organism accommodates the need for eliminating energy used to sustain the organism
   Benchmark 8.Understands the structure and functions of nervous systems in multicellular animals (e.g., nervous systems are formed from specialized cells that conduct signals rapidly through the long cell extensions that make up nerves; nerve cells communicate with each other by secreting specific excitatory and inhibitory molecules)
    Knowledge/skill statements
     1.Understands the structure of nervous systems in multicellular animals
     2.Understands the function of nervous systems in multicellular animals
     3.Understands that nervous systems are formed from specialized cells
     4.Understands that nervous systems’ cells conduct signals through cell extensions that make up nerves
     5.Understands that nerve cells communicate by secreting excitatory molecules
     6.Understand that nerve cells communicate by secreting inhibitory molecules