Standards Database Logo
Home | Browse | Search | Purpose | History | Process | Acknowledgment| Reference

 


 


Topic: Scientific investigation 

Agricultural Education

 Standard 10.  Understands the steps involved in conducting formal scientific investigations
  Level IV (Grade 9-12)
   Benchmark 3.Designs and conducts scientific investigations by formulating a hypotheses, clarifying the method, controls, and variables; organizing and displaying data; revising methods and explanations; presenting the results; and receiving critical responses from others
    Knowledge/skill statements
     1.Designs a scientific investigation
     2.Conducts a scientific investigation
     3.Formulates a hypothesis for a scientific investigation
     4.Clarifies the method, controls, and variables of a scientific investigation
     5.Organizes and displays data in a scientific investigation
     6.Revises methods and explanations of a scientific investigation as needed
     7.Presents the results of a scientific investigation

Science

 Standard 12.  Understands the nature of scientific inquiry
  Level Pre-K (Grade Pre-K)
   Benchmark 1.Uses the senses to make observations about living things, nonliving objects, and events
    Knowledge/skill statements
     1.Uses senses to make observations about living things
     2.Uses senses to make observations about nonliving objects
     3.Uses senses to make observations about events
   Benchmark 4.Conducts simple investigations to solve a problem or answer a question
    Knowledge/skill statements
     1.Conducts simple investigations to solve a problem
     2.Conducts simple investigations to answer a question
   Benchmark 6.Develops predictions and explanations based on previous experience
    Knowledge/skill statements
     1.Develops predictions based on previous experience
  Level I (Grade K-2)
   Benchmark 1.Knows that learning can come from careful observations and simple experiments
    Knowledge/skill statements
     1.Knows that learning comes from observations
     2.Knows that learning comes from experiments
   Benchmark 3.Makes predictions based on patterns
    Knowledge/skill statements
     1.Makes predictions based on given patterns
     2.Makes predictions based on observed patterns
  Level II (Grade 3-5)
   Benchmark 1.Knows that scientific investigations involve asking and answering a question and comparing the answer to what scientists already know about the world
    Knowledge/skill statements
     1.Knows that scientific investigations involve asking questions
     2.Knows that scientific investigations involve answering questions
     3.Knows that scientific investigations involve comparing answers to what scientists already know
   Benchmark 2.Knows that scientists use different kinds of investigations (e.g., naturalistic observation of things or events, data collection, controlled experiments), depending on the questions they are trying to answer
    Knowledge/skill statements
     1.Knows that scientists may use controlled experiments for investigations depending on the question
     2.Knows that scientists may use naturalistic observation of things for investigations depending on the question
     3.Knows that scientists may use naturalistic observation of events for investigations depending on the question
     4.Knows that scientists may use data collection for investigations depending on the question
   Benchmark 3.Plans and conducts simple investigations (e.g., formulates a testable question, plans a fair test, makes systematic observations, develops logical conclusions)
    Knowledge/skill statements
     1.Plans simple investigations
     2.Conducts simple investigations
     3.Formulates a testable question
     4.Plans a fair test
     5.Makes systematic observations
     6.Develops logical conclusions
     7.Knows that scientific investigations include formulating a testable question
     8.Knows that scientific investigations include making systematic observations
     9.Knows that scientific investigations include developing logical conclusions
     10.Understands the concept of a testable question
     11.Knows what it means to make a systematic observation
     12.Understands the use of logic in developing conclusions
   Benchmark 6.Knows the reasons why similar investigations may not produce similar results (e.g., differences in the things being investigated, methods being used, uncertainty in the observation)
    Knowledge/skill statements
     1.Knows that similar investigations may not produce similar results due to differences in the things being investigated
     2.Knows that similar investigations may not produce similar results due to the methods being used
     3.Knows that similar investigations may not produce similar results due to uncertainty in the observation
  Level III (Grade 6-8)
   Benchmark 1.Knows that there is no fixed procedure called "the scientific method," but that investigations involve systematic observations, carefully collected, relevant evidence, logical reasoning, and some imagination in developing hypotheses and explanations
    Knowledge/skill statements
     1.Knows that the "scientific method" is not a fixed procedure
     2.Knows that investigations involve systematic observations
     3.Knows that investigations involve carefully collected and relevant evidence
     4.Knows that investigations involve logical reasoning
     5.Knows that investigations involve imagination in developing hypotheses
     6.Knows that investigations involve imagination in developing explanations
   Benchmark 3.Designs and conducts a scientific investigation (e.g., formulates hypotheses, designs and executes investigations, interprets data, synthesizes evidence into explanations)
    Knowledge/skill statements
     1.Designs scientific investigations
     2.Conducts scientific investigations
     3.Formulates a hypothesis for a scientific investigation
     4.Executes scientific investigations
     5.Interprets data from a scientific investigation
     6.Synthesizes evidence into explanations
     7.Knows that scientific investigations include formulating a hypotheses
     8.Knows that scientific investigations include interpreting data
     9.Knows that scientific investigations include synthesizing evidence into an explanation
   Benchmark 4.Identifies variables (e.g., independent, dependant, control) in a scientific investigation
    Knowledge/skill statements
     1.Identifies the independent variable in a scientific investigation
     2.Identifies the dependent variable in a scientific investigation
     3.Identifies the controlled variables in a scientific investigation
     4.Understands the concept of controls in scientific investigations
     5.Understands the concept of variables in scientific investigations
   Benchmark 5.Understands why only one variable (independent) can be manipulated at a time and that all other variables must be controlled during the investigation
    Knowledge/skill statements
     1.Knows that only one variable (independent) can be manipulated at a time
     2.Knows that most variables must be controlled during an investigation
   Benchmark 9.Knows possible outcomes of scientific investigations (e.g., some may result in new ideas and phenomena for study; some may generate new methods or procedures for an investigation; some may result in the development of new technologies to improve the collection of data; some may lead to new investigations)
    Knowledge/skill statements
     1.Knows that scientific investigations may lead to new investigations
     2.Knows that scientific investigations may result in new ideas
     3.Knows that scientific investigations may result in new phenomena for study
     4.Knows that scientific investigations may generate new methods for investigations
     5.Knows that scientific investigations may generate new procedures for investigations
     6.Knows that scientific investigations may result in the development of new technologies to improve the collection of data
  Level IV (Grade 9-12)
   Benchmark 1.Understands the use of hypotheses in scientific investigations (e.g., selecting and narrowing the focus of data, determining additional data to be gathered, guiding the interpretation of data)
    Knowledge/skill statements
     1.Understands the use of hypotheses in guiding the interpretation of data
     2.Understands the use of hypotheses in selecting the focus of data
     3.Understands the use of hypotheses in narrowing the focus of data
     4.Understands the use of hypotheses in determining if additional data needs to be gathered
   Benchmark 2.Designs and conducts scientific investigations (e.g., formulates testable hypotheses; identifies and clarifies the method, controls, and variables; analyzes, organizes, and displays data; revises methods and explanations; presents results; receives critical response from others)
    Knowledge/skill statements
     1.Designs scientific investigations
     2.Conducts scientific investigations
     3.Formulates testable hypotheses for scientific investigations
     4.Identifies the method in a scientific investigation
     5.Clarifies the method in a scientific investigation
     6.Clarifies the chosen controls in a scientific investigations
     7.Clarifies the chosen variables in a scientific investigations
     8.Displays data from a scientific investigation
     9.Organizes data from a scientific investigation
     10.Analyzes data from a scientific investigation
     11.Revises methods in a scientific investigation
     12.Revises explanations in a scientific investigation
     13.Presents results from a scientific investigation
     14.Receives critical response from others in a scientific investigation
     15.Knows that scientific investigations include formulating a testable hypotheses
     16.Knows that scientific investigations include identifying and clarifying the method
     17.Knows that scientific investigations include identifying and clarifying the controls
     18.Knows that scientific investigations include identifying and clarifying the variables
     19.Knows that scientific investigations include analyzing, organizing, and displaying data
     20.Knows that scientific investigations include the presentation of results
     21.Knows that scientific investigations may include revising methods and explanations
     22.Knows that scientific investigations are subject to critical response from others
   Benchmark 5.Knows that conceptual principles and knowledge guide scientific inquiries; historical and current scientific knowledge influence the design and interpretation of investigations and the evaluation of proposed explanations made by other scientists
    Knowledge/skill statements
     1.Knows that conceptual principles guide scientific inquiries
     2.Knows that knowledge guides scientific inquiries
     3.Knows that historical scientific knowledge influences the design of investigations
     4.Knows that historical scientific knowledge influences the interpretation of investigation
     5.Knows that historical scientific knowledge influences the evaluation of explanations made by other scientists
     6.Knows that current scientific knowledge influences the design of investigations
     7.Knows that current scientific knowledge influences the interpretation of investigations
     8.Knows that current scientific knowledge influences the evaluation of explanations made by other scientists
   Benchmark 6.Knows that scientists conduct investigations for a variety of reasons (e.g., to discover new aspects of the natural world, to explain recently observed phenomena, to test the conclusions of prior investigations, to test the predictions of current theories)
    Knowledge/skill statements
     1.Knows that scientists conduct investigations to test the predictions of current theories
     2.Knows that scientists conduct investigations to discover new aspects of the natural world
     3.Knows that scientists conduct investigations to explain recently observed phenomena
     4.Knows that scientists conduct investigations to test conclusions of prior investigations
   Benchmark 7.Knows that investigations and public communication among scientists must meet certain criteria in order to result in new knowledge and methods (e.g., arguments must be logical and demonstrate connections between natural phenomena, investigations, and the historical body of scientific knowledge; the methods and procedures used to obtain evidence must be clearly reported to enhance opportunities for further investigation)
    Knowledge/skill statements
     1.Knows that investigations among scientists must meet certain criteria in order to result in new knowledge
     2.Knows that investigations among scientists must meet certain criteria in order to result in new methods
     3.Knows that public communication among scientists must meet certain criteria to result in new knowledge
     4.Knows that public communication among scientists must meet certain criteria to result in new methods
     5.Knows that arguments must be logical to result in new knowledge and methods
     6.Knows that arguments must connect natural phenomena, investigations, and historical bodies of scientific knowledge to result in new knowledge and methods
     7.Knows that methods used to obtain evidence must be clearly reported for future investigations to result in new knowledge and methods
     8.Knows that procedures used to obtain evidence must be clearly reported for future investigations to result in new knowledge and methods