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Topic: Reproduction  

Agricultural Education

 Standard 6.  Understands basic principles of life science
  Level IV (Grade 9-12)
   Benchmark 1.Understands the processes involved in sexual and asexual reproduction (e.g., budding, spore production, fission, fertilization, mitosis and meiosis)
    Knowledge/skill statements
     1.Understands the processes involved in sexual reproduction
     2.Understands the processes involved in asexual reproduction
     3.Understands the process of budding
     4.Understands the process of spore production
     5.Understands the process of fission
     6.Understands the process of mitosis

Science

 Standard 4.  Understands the principles of heredity and related concepts
  Level III (Grade 6-8)
   Benchmark 1.Knows that reproduction is a characteristic of all living things and is essential to the continuation of a species
    Knowledge/skill statements
     1.Knows that reproduction is essential for the continuation of a species
     2.Knows that reproduction is a characteristic of all living things
   Benchmark 2.Knows that for sexually reproducing organisms, a species comprises all organisms that can mate with one another to produce fertile offspring
    Knowledge/skill statements
     1.Knows that if two different species reproduce, their offspring will not be fertile
     2.Knows that criteria are established to define and distinguish species
   Benchmark 3.Understands asexual and sexual reproduction (e.g., in asexual reproduction, all the genes come from a single parent; in sexual reproduction, an egg and sperm unite and half of the genes come from each parent, so the offspring is never identical to either of its parents; sexual reproduction allows for greater genetic diversity; asexual reproduction limits the spread of disadvantageous characteristics through a species)
    Knowledge/skill statements
     1.Understands that in asexual reproduction all genes come from a single parent
     2.Understands that in sexual reproduction an egg and sperm unite and half the genes come from each parent
     3.Understands that in sexual reproduction an offspring will never be identical to either of its parents
     4.Knows that sexual reproduction allows for greater genetic diversity
     5.Knows that asexual reproduction limits the spread of disadvantageous characteristics through a species
  Level IV (Grade 9-12)
   Benchmark 6.Knows features of human genetics (e.g., most of the cells in a human contain two copies of each of 22 chromosomes; in addition, one pair of chromosomes determines sex [XX or XY]; transmission of genetic information to offspring occurs through egg and sperm cells that contain only one representative from each chromosome pair; dominant and recessive traits explain how variations that are hidden in one generation can be expressed in the next)
    Knowledge/skill statements
     4.Knows that transmission of genetic information to offspring occurs through egg and sperm cells
     5.Knows that each egg or sperm cell contains only one representative from each chromosome pair
 Standard 5.  Understands the structure and function of cells and organisms
  Level IV (Grade 9-12)
   Benchmark 6.Understands the processes of cell division and differentiation (e.g., meiosis, mitosis, embryo formation, cellular replication and differentiation into the many specialized cells, tissues, and organs that comprise the final organism; each cell retains the basic information needed to reproduce itself)
    Knowledge/skill statements
     1.Understands that each cell retains the information needed to reproduce itself
     6.Understands the process of embryo formation