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Topic: Relationships between organisms and the environment  

Science

 Standard 5.  Understands the structure and function of cells and organisms
  Level I (Grade K-2)
   Benchmark 1.Knows the basic needs of plants and animals (e.g., air, water, nutrients, light or food, shelter)
    Knowledge/skill statements
     1.Knows that animals require air for life
     2.Knows that animals require water for life
     3.Knows that animals require food for life
     4.Knows that animals require shelter for life
     5.Knows that plants require air for life
     6.Knows that plants require water for life
     7.Knows that plants require nutrients for life
     8.Knows that plants require light to make food for life
     9.Knows the basic life needs of plants
     10.Knows the basic life needs of animals
  Level III (Grade 6-8)
   Benchmark 9.Knows that cells use inorganic compounds (e.g., vitamins, minerals, water) to make materials that the cell or organism needs
    Knowledge/skill statements
     1.Knows that cells need inorganic compounds to make materials that an organism needs
     2.Knows that cells need inorganic compounds to make materials that a cell needs
     3.Knows that cells need vitamins to make materials that a cell or organism needs
     4.Knows that cells need minerals to make materials that a cell or organism needs
     5.Knows that cells need water to make materials that a cell or organism needs
 Standard 6.  Understands relationships among organisms and their physical environment
  Level Pre-K (Grade Pre-K)
   Benchmark 1.Understands that living things have similar needs (e.g., water, food)
    Knowledge/skill statements
     1.Knows that living things need water
     2.Knows that living things need food
  Level I (Grade K-2)
   Benchmark 1.Knows that plants and animals need certain resources for energy and growth (e.g., food, water, light, air)
    Knowledge/skill statements
     1.Knows that plants need certain resources for energy
     2.Knows that plants need certain resources for growth
     3.Knows that plants need food for energy and growth
     4.Knows that plants need water for energy and growth
     5.Knows that plants need light for energy and growth
     6.Knows that plants need air for energy and growth
     7.Knows that animals need food for energy and growth
     8.Knows that animals need water for energy and growth
     9.Knows that animals need light for energy and growth
     10.Knows that animals need air for energy and growth
     11.Knows that animals need certain resources for growth
     12.Knows that animals need certain resources for energy
  Level II (Grade 3-5)
   Benchmark 3.Knows that an organism’s patterns of behavior are related to the nature of that organism’s environment (e.g., kinds and numbers of other organisms present, availability of food and resources, physical characteristics of the environment)
    Knowledge/skill statements
     1.Knows that an organism’s pattern of behavior is related to the kinds of organisms present in their environment
     2.Knows that an organism’s pattern of behavior is related to the number of organisms present in their environment
     3.Knows that an organism’s pattern of behavior is related to the availability of food in their environment
     4.Knows that an organism’s pattern of behavior is related to the availability of resources in their environment
     5.Knows that an organism’s pattern of behavior is related to the physical characteristics of their environment
   Benchmark 4.Knows that changes in the environment can have different effects on different organisms (e.g., some organisms move in, others move out; some organisms survive and reproduce, others die)
    Knowledge/skill statements
     1.Knows that when the environment changes, some organisms survive and reproduce
     2.Knows that when the environment changes, some organisms move in
     3.Knows that when the environment changes, some organisms move out
     4.Knows that when the environment changes, some organisms die
   Benchmark 5.Knows that all organisms (including humans) cause changes in their environments, and these changes can be beneficial or detrimental
    Knowledge/skill statements
     1.Knows that all organisms, including humans, cause changes in their environment
     2.Knows that some changes an organism causes in their environment are beneficial
     3.Knows that some changes an organism causes in their environment are detrimental
  Level IV (Grade 9-12)
   Benchmark 5.Knows ways in which humans can alter the equilibrium of ecosystems, causing potentially irreversible effects (e.g., human population growth, technology, and consumption; human destruction of habitats through direct harvesting, pollution, and atmospheric changes)
    Knowledge/skill statements
     1.Knows that humans can alter the equilibrium of ecosystems
     2.Knows that humans can cause irreversible effects
     3.Knows that human population growth can affect the equilibrium of ecosystems
     4.Knows that technology can affect the equilibrium of ecosystems
     5.Knows that consumption can affect the equilibrium of ecosystems
     6.Knows that humans can destroy habitats by direct harvesting
     7.Knows that humans can destroy habitats by pollution
     8.Knows that humans can destroy habitats by atmospheric changes