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Topic: Regulation and behavior  

Science

 Standard 5.  Understands the structure and function of cells and organisms
  Level II (Grade 3-5)
   Benchmark 3.Knows that the behavior of individual organisms is influenced by internal cues (e.g., hunger) and external cues (e.g., changes in the environment), and that humans and other organisms have senses that help them to detect these cues
    Knowledge/skill statements
     1.Knows that the behavior of individuals is influenced by internal cues
     2.Knows that hunger is an example of an internal cue
     3.Knows that the behavior of individuals is influenced by external cues
     4.Knows that changes in the environment are examples of external cues
     5.Knows that humans and other organisms have senses to detect internal and external cues
  Level III (Grade 6-8)
   Benchmark 6.Knows how an organism’s ability to regulate its internal environment enables the organism to obtain and use resources, grow, reproduce, and maintain stable internal conditions while living in a constantly changing external environment
    Knowledge/skill statements
     1.Knows that an organism’s ability to regulate its internal environment enables it to obtain resources
     2.Knows that an organism’s ability to regulate its internal environment enables it to use resources
     3.Knows that an organism’s ability to regulate its internal environment enables it to grow
     4.Knows that an organism’s ability to regulate its internal environment enables it to reproduce
     5.Knows that an organism’s ability to regulate its internal environment enables it to live in a constantly changing environment
   Benchmark 7.Knows that organisms can react to internal and environmental stimuli through behavioral response (e.g., plants have tissues and organs that react to light, water, and other stimuli; animals have nervous systems that process and store information from the environment), which may be determined by heredity or from past experience
    Knowledge/skill statements
     1.Knows that organisms react to internal stimuli through behavioral response
     2.Knows that organisms react to external stimuli through behavioral response
     3.Knows that an organism’s behavioral response may be determined by heredity
     4.Knows that plants have tissues that react to light
     5.Knows that plants have tissues that react to water
     6.Knows that plants have tissues that react to stimuli
     7.Knows that plants have organs that react to light
     8.Knows that plants have organs that react to water
     9.Knows that plants have organs that react to stimuli
     10.Knows that animals have a nervous system that processes information from the environment
     11.Knows that animals have a nervous system that stores information from the environment
     12.Knows that an organism’s behavioral response may be determined by past experience
  Level IV (Grade 9-12)
   Benchmark 4.Knows how cell functions are regulated through changes in the activity of the functions performed by proteins and through the selective expression of individual genes, and how this regulation allows cells to respond to their environment and to control and coordinate cell growth and division
    Knowledge/skill statements
     1.Knows that cell functions are regulated through changes in the activity of functions performed by proteins
     2.Knows that cell functions are regulated through the selective expression of individual genes
     3.Knows how regulation of cell functions allows cells to respond to their environment
     4.Knows how regulation of cell functions allows cells to control cell growth and division
 Standard 6.  Understands relationships among organisms and their physical environment
  Level II (Grade 3-5)
   Benchmark 3.Knows that an organism’s patterns of behavior are related to the nature of that organism’s environment (e.g., kinds and numbers of other organisms present, availability of food and resources, physical characteristics of the environment)
    Knowledge/skill statements
     1.Knows that an organism’s pattern of behavior is related to the kinds of organisms present in their environment
     2.Knows that an organism’s pattern of behavior is related to the number of organisms present in their environment
     3.Knows that an organism’s pattern of behavior is related to the availability of food in their environment
     4.Knows that an organism’s pattern of behavior is related to the availability of resources in their environment
     5.Knows that an organism’s pattern of behavior is related to the physical characteristics of their environment