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Topic: Drug use and abuse 

Health

 Standard 9.  Understands aspects of substance use and abuse
  Level I (Grade K-2)
   Benchmark 1.Knows how to distinguish between helpful and harmful substances
    Knowledge/skill statements
     1.Knows harmful substances
     2.Knows helpful substances
  Level II (Grade 3-5)
   Benchmark 1.Differentiates between the use and misuse of prescription and nonprescription drugs
    Knowledge/skill statements
     1.Differentiates between the use and misuse of prescription drugs
     2.Differentiates between the use and misuse of nonprescription drugs
     3.Knows substances that are considered a prescription drug
     4.Knows substances that are considered a nonprescription drug
   Benchmark 2.Knows influences that promote alcohol, tobacco, and other drug use (e.g., peer pressure, peer and adult modeling, advertising, overall availability, cost)
    Knowledge/skill statements
     1.Knows influences that promote alcohol use
     2.Knows influences that promote tobacco use
     3.Knows influences that promote drug use
     4.Knows that peer pressure can promote alcohol use
     5.Knows that peer modeling can promote alcohol use
     6.Knows that adult modeling can promote alcohol use
     7.Knows that advertising can promote alcohol use
     8.Knows that overall availability can promote alcohol use
     9.Knows that cost can promote alcohol use
     10.Knows that peer pressure can promote tobacco use
     11.Knows that peer modeling can promote tobacco use
     12.Knows that adult modeling can promote tobacco abuse
     13.Knows that advertising can promote tobacco use
     14.Knows that overall availability can promote tobacco use
     15.Knows that cost can promote tobacco use
     16.Knows that peer pressure can promote drug use
     17.Knows that peer modeling can promote drug use
     18.Knows that adult modeling can promote drug use
     19.Knows that overall availability can promote drug use
     20.Knows that cost can promote drug use
   Benchmark 3.Recognizes high-risk substance abuse situations that pose an immediate threat to oneself or one's friends or family (e.g., drunk and drugged driving, violent arguments) as well as how and where to obtain help
    Knowledge/skill statements
     1.Recognizes high-risk substance abuse situations that pose an immediate threat to oneself
     2.Recognizes high-risk substance abuse situations that pose an immediate threat to one’s friends or family
     3.Knows how to obtain help for a high-risk substance abuse situation
     4.Knows where to obtain help for a high-risk substance abuse situation
     5.Knows that drunk driving is an immediate threat to oneself
     6.Knows that drugged driving is an immediate threat to oneself
     7.Knows that drunk driving is an immediate threat to one’s friends or family
     8.Knows that drugged driving is an immediate threat to one’s friends or family
     9.Knows that violent arguments are an immediate threat to oneself
     10.Knows that violent arguments are an immediate threat to one’s friends or family
   Benchmark 4.Knows ways to recognize, avoid, and respond to negative social influences and pressure to use alcohol, tobacco, or other drugs (e.g., refusal skills, self-control)
    Knowledge/skill statements
     1.Knows ways to avoid negative social influences that promote the use alcohol
     2.Knows ways to avoid negative social influences that promote the use of tobacco
     3.Knows ways to avoid negative social influences that promote the use of drugs
     4.Knows ways to avoid negative social pressures that promote the use alcohol
     5.Knows ways to avoid negative social pressures that promote the use tobacco
     6.Knows ways to avoid negative social pressures that promote the use drugs
     7.Knows ways to recognize negative social influences that promote the use alcohol
     8.Knows ways to recognize negative social influences that promote the use of tobacco
     9.Knows ways to recognize negative social influences that promote the use of drugs
     10.Knows ways to recognize negative social pressures that promote the use alcohol
     11.Knows ways to recognize negative social pressures that promote the use tobacco
     12.Knows ways to recognize negative social pressures that promote the use drugs
     13.Knows appropriate responses to negative social influences that promote the use alcohol
     14.Knows appropriate responses to negative social influences that promote the use of tobacco
     15.Knows appropriate responses to negative social influences that promote the use of drugs
     16.Knows appropriate responses to negative social pressures that promote the use alcohol
     17.Knows appropriate responses to negative social pressures that promote the use tobacco
     18.Knows appropriate responses to negative social pressures that promote the use drugs
     19.Understands the use of refusal skills as a response to negative social influences that promote the use of alcohol
     20.Understands the use of refusal skills as a response to negative social influences that promote the use of tobacco
     21.Understands the use of refusal skills as a response to negative social influences that promote the use of drugs
     22.Understands the use of refusal skills as a response to negative social pressures that promote the use of alcohol
     23.Understands the use of refusal skills as a response to negative social pressures that promote the use of tobacco
     24.Understands the use of refusal skills as a response to negative social pressures that promote the use of drugs
     25.Understands self-control as a response to negative social influences that promote the use of alcohol
     26.Understands self-control as a response to negative social influences that promote the use of tobacco
     27.Understands self-control as a response to negative social influences that promote the use of drugs
     28.Understands self-control as a response to negative social pressures that promote the use of alcohol
     29.Understands self-control as a response to negative social pressures that promote the use of tobacco
     30.Understands self-control as a response to negative social pressures that promote the use of drugs
  Level III (Grade 6-8)
   Benchmark 1.Knows conditions that may put people at higher risk for substance abuse problems (e.g., genetic inheritability, substance abuse in family, low frustration tolerance)
    Knowledge/skill statements
     1.Knows that genetic inheritability can put people at a higher risk for substance abuse problems
     2.Knows that substance abuse in families can put people at a higher risk for substance abuse problems
     3.Knows that a low frustration tolerance can put people at a higher risk for substance abuse problems
   Benchmark 2.Knows factors involved in the development of a drug dependency and the early, observable signs and symptoms (e.g., tolerance level, drug-seeking behavior, loss of control, denial)
    Knowledge/skill statements
     1.Knows factors involved in the development of a drug dependency
     2.Knows the early, observable signs of a drug dependency
     3.Knows the early, observable symptoms of a drug dependency
     4.Understands a tolerance level as a sign of a drug dependency
     5.Understands drug-seeking behavior as a sign of a drug dependency
     6.Understands loss of control as a sign of a drug dependency
     7.Understands denial as a sign of a drug dependency
     8.Understands a tolerance level as a symptom of a drug dependency
     9.Understands drug-seeking behavior as a symptom of a drug dependency
     10.Understands loss of control as a symptom of a drug dependency
     11.Understands denial as a symptom of a drug dependency
   Benchmark 3.Knows the short- and long-term consequences of the use of alcohol, tobacco, and other drugs (e.g., physical consequences such as shortness of breath, cirrhosis, lung cancer, emphysema; psychological consequences such as low self-esteem, paranoia, depression, apathy; social consequences such as crime, domestic violence, loss of friends)
    Knowledge/skill statements
     1.Knows the short-term consequences of alcohol use
     2.Knows the short-term consequences of tobacco use
     3.Knows the short-term consequences of drug use
     4.Knows the long-term consequences of alcohol use
     5.Knows the long-term consequences of tobacco use
     6.Knows the long-term consequences of drug use
     7.Knows there are physical consequences to tobacco use
     8.Knows there are physical consequences to alcohol use
     9.Knows there are physical consequences to drug use
     10.Knows that shortness of breath is a physical consequence of tobacco use
     11.Knows that lung cancer is a physical consequence of tobacco use
     12.Knows that emphysema is a physical consequence of tobacco use
     13.Knows that shortness of breath is a physical consequence of drug use
     14.Knows that lung cancer is a physical consequence of drug use
     15.Knows that emphysema is a physical consequence of drug use
     16.Knows that cirrhosis is a physical consequence of alcohol use
     17.Knows there are psychological consequences to alcohol use
     18.Knows there are psychological consequences to drug use
     19.Knows that low self-esteem is a psychological consequence of alcohol use
     20.Knows that depression is a psychological consequence of alcohol use
     21.Knows that apathy is a psychological consequence of alcohol use
     22.Knows that low self-esteem is a psychological consequence of drug use
     23.Knows that paranoia is a psychological consequence of drug use
     24.Knows that depression is a psychological consequence of drug use
     25.Knows that apathy is a psychological consequence of drug use
     26.Knows there are social consequences to alcohol use
     27.Knows there are social consequences to drug use
     28.Knows that crime is a social consequence of alcohol use
     29.Knows that domestic violence is a social consequence of alcohol use
     30.Knows that the loss of friends is a social consequence of alcohol use
     31.Knows that crime is a social consequence of drug use
     32.Knows that domestic violence is a social consequence of drug use
     33.Knows that the loss of friends is a social consequence of drug use
     34.Knows there are social consequences to tobacco use
     35.Knows that the loss of friends is a social consequence of tobacco use
   Benchmark 4.Knows public policy approaches to substance abuse control and prevention (e.g., pricing and taxation, warning labels, regulation of advertising, restriction of alcohol consumption at sporting events)
    Knowledge/skill statements
     1.Knows public policy approaches to substance abuse control
     2.Knows public policy approaches to substance abuse prevention
     3.Knows that pricing is an approach to substance abuse control and prevention
     4.Knows that taxation is an approach to substance abuse control and prevention
     5.Knows that warning labels are an approach to substance abuse control and prevention
     6.Knows that regulation of advertising is an approach to substance abuse control and prevention
     7.Knows that the restriction of alcohol consumption at sporting events is an approach to substance abuse control and prevention
   Benchmark 5.Knows community resources that are available to assist people with alcohol, tobacco, and other drug problems
    Knowledge/skill statements
     1.Knows community resources that are available to assist people with alcohol problems
     2.Knows community resources that are available to assist people with tobacco problems
     3.Knows community resources that are available to assist people with drug problems
  Level IV (Grade 9-12)
   Benchmark 1.Knows the short- and long-term effects associated with the use of alcohol, tobacco, and other drugs on reproduction, pregnancy, and the health of children
    Knowledge/skill statements
     1.Knows the short-term effects associated with the use of alcohol on reproduction
     2.Knows the short-term effects associated with the use of tobacco on reproduction
     3.Knows the short-term effects associated with the use of drugs on reproduction
     4.Knows the short-term effects associated with the use of alcohol on pregnancy
     5.Knows the short-term effects associated with the use of tobacco on pregnancy
     6.Knows the short-term effects associated with the use of drugs on pregnancy
     7.Knows the short-term effects associated with the use of alcohol on the health of children
     8.Knows the short-term effects associated with the use of tobacco on the health of children
     9.Knows the short-term effects associated with the use of drugs on the health of children
     10.Knows the long-term effects associated with the use of alcohol on reproduction
     11.Knows the long-term effects associated with the use of tobacco on reproduction
     12.Knows the long-term effects associated with the use of drugs on reproduction
     13.Knows the long-term effects associated with the use of alcohol on pregnancy
     14.Knows the long-term effects associated with the use of tobacco on pregnancy
     15.Knows the long-term effects associated with the use of drugs on pregnancy
     16.Knows the long-term effects associated with the use of alcohol on the health of children
     17.Knows the long-term effects associated with the use of tobacco on the health of children
     18.Knows the long-term effects associated with the use of drugs on the health of children
   Benchmark 2.Knows how the abuse of alcohol, tobacco, and other drugs often plays a role in dangerous behavior and can have adverse consequences on the community (e.g., house fires, motor vehicle crashes, domestic violence, date rape, transmission of diseases through needle sharing or sexual activity)
    Knowledge/skill statements
     1.Knows how the abuse of alcohol plays a role in dangerous behavior
     2.Knows how the abuse of tobacco plays a role in dangerous behavior
     3.Knows how the abuse of drugs plays a role in dangerous behavior
     4.Knows how the abuse of alcohol can have adverse consequences on the community
     5.Knows how the abuse of tobacco can have adverse consequences on the community
     6.Knows how the abuse of drugs and can have adverse consequences on the community
     7.Understands the role of tobacco abuse in house fires
     8.Understands the role of alcohol abuse in motor vehicle crashes
     9.Understands the role of alcohol abuse in domestic violence
     10.Understands the role of alcohol abuse in date rape
     11.Understands the role of alcohol abuse in the transmission of diseases through sexual activity
     12.Understands the role of drug abuse in motor vehicle crashes
     13.Understands the role of drug abuse in domestic violence
     14.Understands the role of drug abuse in date rape
     15.Understands the role of drug abuse in the transmission of diseases through needle sharing
     16.Understands the role of drug abuse in the transmission of diseases through sexual activity
   Benchmark 3.Understands that alcohol, tobacco, and other drug dependencies are treatable diseases/conditions
    Knowledge/skill statements
     1.Understands that alcohol dependency is a treatable disease/condition
     2.Understands that tobacco dependency is a treatable disease/condition

Health Education

 Standard 11.  Knows health risk factors and techniques to manage and reduce those risks
  Level IV (Grade 9-12)
   Benchmark 3.Knows how to make positive health decisions related to injury, tobacco, nutrition, physical activity, sexuality, and alcohol and other drugs
    Knowledge/skill statements
     2.Knows how to make positive health decisions related to tobacco use
     6.Knows how to make positive health decisions related to alcohol and drug use