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Topic: Individual rights and responsibilities 

Civics

 Standard 1.  Understands ideas about civic life, politics, and government
  Level II (Grade 3-5)
   Benchmark 5.Knows the basic purposes of government in the United States (e.g., to protect the rights of individuals, to promote the common good)
    Knowledge/skill statements
     1.Knows that one purpose of the United States’ government in the is to protect the rights of individuals
     2.Knows that one purpose of the United States’ government is to promote the common good
 Standard 8.  Understands the central ideas of American constitutional government and how this form of government has shaped the character of American society
  Level II (Grade 3-5)
   Benchmark 1.Knows the fundamental values of American democracy (e.g., individual rights to life, liberty, property, and the pursuit of happiness; the public or common good; justice; equality of opportunity; diversity; truth; patriotism)
    Knowledge/skill statements
     1.Understands the right to life as a value of American democracy
     2.Understands the right to liberty as a value of American democracy
     3.Understands the right to the pursuit of happiness as a value of American democracy
     4.Understands the right to own property as a value of American democracy
     5.Understands the public or common good as a value of American democracy
     6.Understands justice as a value of American democracy
     7.Understands equality of opportunity as a value of American democracy
     8.Understands diversity as a value of American democracy
     9.Understands truth as a value of American democracy
     10.Understands patriotism as a value of American democracy
   Benchmark 4.Understands the focus on "the individual" in American society (e.g., a primary purpose of government is to protect the rights of the individual to life, liberty, property, and the pursuit of happiness; individuals have the right to differ about politics, religion, or any other matter; the vote of one individual should count as much as another's)
    Knowledge/skill statements
     1.Understands that a primary purpose of government is to protect the rights of the individual to life, liberty, property, and the pursuit of happiness
     2.Understands that individuals have the right to differ about politics, religion, or any other matter
     3.Understands that the vote of one individual should count as much as another’s
   Benchmark 6.Understands the importance of equality of opportunity and equal protection of the law as a characteristic of American society (e.g., all people have a right to equal opportunity in education, employment, housing, and to equal access to public facilities; all people have a right to participate in political life by expressing their opinions and trying to persuade others; everyone has the right to be treated equally in the eyes of the law)
    Knowledge/skill statements
     1.Understands the importance of equality of opportunity as a characteristic of American society
     2.Understands the importance of equal protection under law as a characteristic of American society
     3.Understands that all people have a right to equal opportunity in education
     4.Understands that all people have a right to equal opportunity in employment
     5.Understands that all people have a right to equal opportunity in housing
     6.Understands that all people have a right to equal access of public facilities
     7.Understands that all people have a right to participate in political life by expressing their opinions and trying to persuade others
     8.Understands that everyone has the right to be treated equally in the eyes of the law
  Level III (Grade 6-8)
   Benchmark 4.Understands how specific provisions of the United States Constitution (including the Bill of Rights) limit the powers of government in order to protect the rights of individuals (e.g., habeas corpus; trial by jury; ex post facto; freedom of religion, speech, press, and assembly; equal protection of the law; due process of law; right to counsel)
    Knowledge/skill statements
     1.Understands that specific provisions of the United States Constitution, such as habeas corpus, limits the power of the government to protect the rights of individuals
     2.Understands that specific provisions of the United States Constitution, such as trial by jury, limits the power of the government to protect the rights of individuals
     3.Understands that specific provisions of the United States Constitution, such as ex post facto, limits the power of the government to protect the rights of individuals
     4.Understands that specific provisions of the United States Constitution, such as freedom of religion, limits the power of the government to protect the rights of individuals
     5.Understands that specific provisions of the United States Constitution, such as freedom of speech, limits the power of the government to protect the rights of individuals
     6.Understands that specific provisions of the United States Constitution, such as freedom of the press, limits the power of the government to protect the rights of individuals
     7.Understands that specific provisions of the United States Constitution, such as freedom of assembly, limits the power of the government to protect the rights of individuals
     8.Understands that specific provisions of the United States Constitution, such as equal protection of the law, limits the power of the government to protect the rights of individuals
     9.Understands that specific provisions of the United States Constitution, such as due process of law, limits the power of the government to protect the rights of individuals
     10.Understands that specific provisions of the United States Constitution, such as right to counsel, limits the power of the government to protect the rights of individuals
   Benchmark 5.Knows opposing positions on current issues involving constitutional protection of individual rights such as limits on speech (e.g., "hate speech," advertising), separation of church and state (e.g., school vouchers, prayer in public schools), cruel and unusual punishment (e.g., death penalty), search and seizure (e.g., warrantless searches), and privacy (e.g., national identification cards, wiretapping)
    Knowledge/skill statements
     1.Knows opposing positions on current issues involving limiting speech, such as hate speech
     2.Knows opposing positions on current issues involving limiting speech, such as advertising
     3.Knows opposing positions on current issues involving the separation of church and state, such as school vouchers
     4.Knows opposing positions on current issues involving the separation of church and state, such as prayer in public schools
     5.Knows opposing positions on current issues involving cruel and unusual punishment, such as the death penalty
     6.Knows opposing positions on current issues involving search and seizure, such as warrentless searches
     7.Knows opposing positions on current issues involving privacy, such as national ID cards
     8.Knows opposing positions on current issues involving privacy, such as wiretapping
 Standard 12.  Understands the relationships among liberalism, republicanism, and American constitutional democracy
  Level IV (Grade 9-12)
   Benchmark 1.Understands that the central idea of liberalism is the belief that the individual has rights that exist independently of government and that ought to be protected by and against government
    Knowledge/skill statements
     1.Understands that the central idea of liberalism is the belief that the individual has rights that exist independently of government
     2.Understands that in liberalism, it is believed that individual rights ought to be protected by and against government