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Topic: India, 2nd millennium BCE 

World History

 Standard 5.  Understands the political, social, and cultural consequences of population movements and militarization in Eurasia in the second millennium BCE
  Level II (Grade 5-6)
   Benchmark 4.Understands possible causes of the decline and collapse of Indus Valley civilization (e.g., possible causes for the disappearance of cities such as Mohenjo-Daro, the role environmental changes played in the fall of Indus cities)
    Knowledge/skill statements
     1.Knows possible causes for the disappearance of cities such as Mohenjo Daro
     2.Understands the role environmental changes played in the fall of Indus cities
  Level III (Grade 7-8)
   Benchmark 5.Understands characteristics of Aryan culture (e.g., the reasons for the migration of Indo-Aryan and Mycenaean-speaking peoples into India, the Eastern Mediterranean, and the Iranian Plateau; the belief system embraced by the Aryan people; odes from the Vedas that praise major Vedic gods and what they illustrate about Aryan values; potential conflict and tension among Aryan tribes as they began to settle down in the Indo-Gangetic plain)
    Knowledge/skill statements
     1.Knows the reasons for the migration of Indo Aryan and Mycenaean speaking peoples into India, the Eastern Mediterranean, and the Iranian Plateau
     2.Understands the belief system embraced by the Aryan people
     3.Knows odes from the Vedas that praise major Vedic gods and what they illustrate about Aryan values
     4.Understands potential conflict and tension among Aryan tribes as they began to settle down in the Indo-Gangetic plain
   Benchmark 6.Understands potential sources for the decline in trade, the overcrowding, and eventual collapse of Mohenjo-Daro and other Indus cities
    Knowledge/skill statements
     1.Understands potential sources for the decline in trade in Mohenjo Daro and other Indus cities
     2.Understands potential sources for the overcrowding of Mohenjo Daro and other Indus cities
     3.Understands potential sources for the eventual collapse of Mohenjo Daro and other Indus cities
  Level IV (Grade 9-12)
   Benchmark 4.Understands cultural elements of the Aryan civilization (e.g., Aryan culture in India as denoted in linguistic, literary, and archaeological materials; beliefs expressed in the Vedic hymns; the root of the word "Aryan," those people who came to be called Indo-Aryan)
    Knowledge/skill statements
     1.Understands Aryan culture in India as denoted in linguistic materials
     2.Understands Aryan culture in India as denoted in literary materials
     3.Understands Aryan culture in India as denoted in archaeological materials
     4.Understands beliefs expressed in the Vedic hymns as a component of Aryan culture
     5.Understands the root of the word "Aryan," those people who came to be called Indo Aryan
   Benchmark 5.Knows the migration routes of Indo-European language speakers and the approximate dates of their arrivals in new locations during the second millenium BCE
    Knowledge/skill statements
     1.Knows the migration routes of Indo European language speakers
     2.Knows the approximate dates of Indo-European language speakers’ arrivals in new locations during the 2nd millennium BCE
   Benchmark 7.Understands the decline of the Indus valley civilization in comparison to that of other peoples such as the Sumerians
    Knowledge/skill statements
     1.Understands the decline of the Indus valley civilization
     2.Understands the decline of various civilizations, including that of the Sumerians
     3.Knows features of the decline of the Indus Valley civilization that are similar to the decline of other groups of peoples
     4.Knows features of the decline of the Indus Valley civilization that are different from the decline of other groups of peoples
   Benchmark 8.Understands the reliability of epics as historic sources and the aspects of these works historians have determined actually reflect contemporary or later culture (e.g., the Iliad, the Odyssey, the Mahabarata, and the Ramayana)
    Knowledge/skill statements
     1.Understands the reliability of epics as historic sources
     2.Knows the aspects of epic works (e.g., the Iliad, the Odyssey, the Mahabarata, and the Ramayana)that historians have determined actually reflect contemporary or later culture