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Topic: Disease prevention and treatment 

Health Education

 Standard 9.  Knows techniques to prevent the spread of illness and disease
  Level IV (Grade 9-12)
   Benchmark 1.Knows the body’s natural defense systems against infection such as barriers, the inflammatory response, and the immune response
    Knowledge/skill statements
     1.Knows the body’s natural defense systems against infection
     2.Understands the role of barriers as a natural defense against infection
     3.Understands the inflammatory response as a natural defense against infection
     4.Understands the immune response as a natural defense against infection
   Benchmark 2.Knows common infectious diseases present at school or home and details of the diseases (e.g., signs and symptoms, means of transmission, causative microorganism, recommendations to prevent the spread of the diseases)
    Knowledge/skill statements
     1.Knows common infectious diseases present at school or home
     2.Knows details of common infectious diseases present at school or home
     3.Knows the signs and symptoms of common infectious diseases
     4.Knows how common infectious diseases are transmitted
     5.Knows the microorganisms that cause common infectious diseases
     6.Knows recommendations to prevent the spread of common infectious diseases
   Benchmark 3.Knows that the spread of pathogens can be prevented by cleaning, disinfecting, or sterilizing
    Knowledge/skill statements
     1.Knows that the spread of pathogens can be prevented by cleaning
     2.Knows that the spread of pathogens can be prevented by disinfecting
     3.Knows that the spread of pathogens can be prevented by sterilizing
 Standard 10.  Knows conventional and alternative methods to promote and maintain personal health
  Level IV (Grade 9-12)
   Benchmark 2.Knows treatment plans in conventional western medicine for several patient conditions and how they differ from alternative treatments
    Knowledge/skill statements
     1.Knows treatment plans in conventional western medicine for several patient conditions
     2.Knows alternative treatment plans for several patient conditions
 Standard 11.  Knows health risk factors and techniques to manage and reduce those risks
  Level IV (Grade 9-12)
   Benchmark 1.Knows factors that contribute to disease, such as age, gender, environment, lifestyles, and heredity
    Knowledge/skill statements
     1.Knows that age is a factor that contributes to disease
     2.Knows that gender is a factor that contributes to disease
     3.Knows that the environment is a factor that contributes to disease
     4.Knows that lifestyle is a factor that contributes to disease
     5.Knows that heredity is a factor that contributes to disease
   Benchmark 2.Understands how genetics (e.g., gender, heredity) and health choices (e.g., inactivity, diet, stress, environment) contribute to disease and strategies to reduce risk
    Knowledge/skill statements
     1.Knows strategies to reduce the risk of disease caused by genetic factors
     2.Knows strategies to reduce the risk of disease caused by lifestyle choices, such as inactivity
     3.Knows strategies to reduce the risk of disease caused by lifestyle choices, such as diet
     4.Knows strategies to reduce the risk of disease caused by lifestyle choices, such as stress

Health

 Standard 2.  Knows environmental and external factors that affect individual and community health
  Level IV (Grade 9-12)
   Benchmark 4.Understands how the prevention and control of health problems are influenced by research and medical advances
    Knowledge/skill statements
     1.Understands how the prevention of health problems are influenced by research
     2.Understands how the prevention of health problems are influenced by medical advances
     3.Understands how the control of health problems are influenced by research
     4.Understands how the control of health problems are influenced by medical advances
 Standard 8.  Knows essential concepts about the prevention and control of disease
  Level II (Grade 3-5)
   Benchmark 1.Knows ways in which a person can prevent or reduce the risk of disease and disability (e.g., practicing good personal hygiene, making healthy food choices, acknowledging the importance of immunizations, cooperating in regular health screenings)
    Knowledge/skill statements
     1.Knows ways in which a person can prevent disease
     2.Knows ways in which a person can prevent disability
     3.Knows ways in which a person can reduce the risk of disease
     4.Knows ways in which a person can reduce the risk of disability
     5.Knows that practicing good personal hygiene can prevent disease
     6.Knows that practicing good personal hygiene can reduce the risk of disease
     7.Knows that making healthy food choices can prevent disease
     8.Knows that making healthy food choices can reduce the risk of disease
     9.Knows that acknowledging the importance of immunizations can prevent disease
     10.Knows that acknowledging the importance of immunizations can reduce the risk of disease
     11.Knows that cooperating in regular health screenings can prevent disease
     12.Knows that cooperating in regular health screenings can reduce the risk of disease
     13.Knows that making healthy food choices can prevent disability
     14.Knows that making healthy food choices can reduce the risk of disability
     15.Knows that acknowledging the importance of immunizations can prevent disability
     16.Knows that acknowledging the importance of immunizations can reduce the risk of disability
     17.Knows that cooperating in regular health screenings can prevent disability
     18.Knows that cooperating in regular health screenings can reduce the risk of disability
   Benchmark 2.Knows the benefits of early detection and treatment of disease
    Knowledge/skill statements
     1.Knows the benefits of early detection of disease
     2.Knows the benefits of early treatment of disease
   Benchmark 3.Knows ways to maintain a functional level of health in the presence of disease or disability (e.g., cooperating with parents and health-care providers, taking prescription or over-the-counter medicines properly, correctly interpreting instructions for taking medicine)
    Knowledge/skill statements
     1.Knows ways to maintain a functional level of health in the presence of a disease
     2.Knows ways to maintain a functional level of health in the presence of a disability
     3.Understands that cooperating with parents contributes to a functional level of health in the presence of disease
     4.Understands that cooperating with health-care providers contributes to a functional level of health in the presence of disease
     5.Understands that taking prescription or over-the-counter medicines properly contributes to a functional level of health in the presence of disease
     6.Understands that correctly interpreting instructions for taking medicine contributes to a functional level of health in the presence of disease
     7.Understands that cooperating with parents contributes to a functional level of health in the presence of a disability
     8.Understands that cooperating with health-care providers contributes to a functional level of health in the presence of a disability
     9.Understands that taking prescription or over-the-counter medicines properly contributes to a functional level of health in the presence of a disability
     10.Understands that correctly interpreting instructions for taking medicine contributes to a functional level of health in the presence of a disability
  Level III (Grade 6-8)
   Benchmark 1.Understands how lifestyle, pathogens, family history, and other risk factors are related to the cause or prevention of disease and other health problems
    Knowledge/skill statements
     4.Understands how lifestyle is related to the prevention of disease and other health problems
   Benchmark 3.Understands personal rights and responsibilities involved in the treatment of disease (e.g., proper use of medication; the influence of family and culture on the treatment of disease)
    Knowledge/skill statements
     1.Understands the personal rights involved in the treatment of disease
     2.Understands the personal responsibilities involved in the treatment of disease
     3.Understands the proper use of medication as it relates to personal rights
     4.Understands the proper use of medication as it relates to personal responsibility
     5.Understands the influence of family on the treatment of disease
     6.Understands the influence of culture on the treatment of disease
  Level IV (Grade 9-12)
   Benchmark 1.Understands how the immune system functions to prevent or combat disease
    Knowledge/skill statements
     1.Understands how the immune system functions to prevent disease
     2.Understands how the immune system functions to combat disease
   Benchmark 2.Understands the importance of regular examinations (including self-examination of the breasts or testicles) in detecting and treating diseases early
    Knowledge/skill statements
     1.Understands the importance of regular examinations in detecting diseases early
     2.Understands the importance of regular examinations to the early treatment of disease
     3.Understands the importance of the self-examination of the breasts in detecting disease early
     4.Understands the importance of the self-examination of the breasts to the early treatment of disease
     5.Understands the importance of self-examination of the testicles in detecting disease early
     6.Understands the importance of self-examination of the testicles to the early treatment of disease
 Standard 9.  Understands aspects of substance use and abuse
  Level III (Grade 6-8)
   Benchmark 4.Knows public policy approaches to substance abuse control and prevention (e.g., pricing and taxation, warning labels, regulation of advertising, restriction of alcohol consumption at sporting events)
    Knowledge/skill statements
     1.Knows public policy approaches to substance abuse control
     2.Knows public policy approaches to substance abuse prevention
     3.Knows that pricing is an approach to substance abuse control and prevention
     4.Knows that taxation is an approach to substance abuse control and prevention
     5.Knows that warning labels are an approach to substance abuse control and prevention
     6.Knows that regulation of advertising is an approach to substance abuse control and prevention
     7.Knows that the restriction of alcohol consumption at sporting events is an approach to substance abuse control and prevention
   Benchmark 5.Knows community resources that are available to assist people with alcohol, tobacco, and other drug problems
    Knowledge/skill statements
     1.Knows community resources that are available to assist people with alcohol problems
     2.Knows community resources that are available to assist people with tobacco problems
     3.Knows community resources that are available to assist people with drug problems
  Level IV (Grade 9-12)
   Benchmark 3.Understands that alcohol, tobacco, and other drug dependencies are treatable diseases/conditions
    Knowledge/skill statements
     1.Understands that alcohol dependency is a treatable disease/condition
     2.Understands that tobacco dependency is a treatable disease/condition
     3.Understands that drug dependency is a treatable disease/condition