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Topic: Impact of science and the arts, early 20th century 

World History

 Standard 40.  Understands the search for peace and stability throughout the world in the 1920s and 1930s
  Level II (Grade 5-6)
   Benchmark 3.Understands the emergence of a new mass and popular culture between 1900 and 1940 (e.g., how new modes of transportation affected world commerce, international migration, and work and leisure habits; how the new media - newspapers, magazines, commercial advertising, film, and radio - contributed to the rise of mass culture around the world; the new approaches to visual art represented by the works of Pablo Picasso and Henri Matisse; the types of leisure activity and sports people enjoyed; changes in clothing fashions for men and women, and how they reflected changes in social attitudes and values)
    Knowledge/skill statements
     1.Understands the emergence of a new mass culture between 1900 and 1940
     2.Understands the emergence of a new popular culture between 1900 and 1940
     3.Understands how new modes of transportation affected world commerce
     4.Understands how new modes of transportation affected international migration
     5.Understands how new modes of transportation affected work habits
     6.Understands how new modes of transportation affected leisure habits
     7.Understands how the new media contributed to the rise of mass culture around the world
     8.Understands how the new newspapers contributed to the rise of mass culture around the world
     9.Understands how the new magazines contributed to the rise of mass culture around the world
     10.Understands how the new commercial advertising contributed to the rise of mass culture around the world
     11.Understands how the new film contributed to the rise of mass culture around the world
     12.Understands how the new radio contributed to the rise of mass culture around the world
     13.Understands the new approaches to visual art represented by the works of Pablo Picasso
     14.Understands the new approaches to visual art represented by the works of Henri Matisse
     15.Knows the types of leisure activity people enjoyed
     16.Knows the types of sports people enjoyed
     17.Understands changes in clothing fashions for men
     18.Understands changes in clothing fashions for women
     19.Understands how changes in clothing fashions reflected changes in social attitudes
     20.Understands how changes in clothing fashions reflected changes in values
  Level III (Grade 7-8)
   Benchmark 4.Understands major discoveries in science and medicine in the first half of the 20th century (e.g., those made by Curie, Einstein, Freud) and how they affected the quality of life and traditional views of nature, the cosmos, and the psyche
    Knowledge/skill statements
     1.Understands the major discoveries in science in the first half of the 20th century
     2.Understands the major discoveries in medicine in the first half of the 20th century
     3.Knows about discoveries made by Curie
     4.Knows about discoveries made by Einstein
     5.Knows about discoveries made by Freud
     6.Understands how major discoveries affected the quality of life
     7.Understands how major discoveries affected traditional views of nature
     8.Understands how major discoveries affected traditional views of the cosmos
     9.Understands how major discoveries affected traditional views of the psyche
   Benchmark 5.Understands influences on art and culture in Europe and around the world in the early 20th century (e.g., the social and cultural dimensions of mass consumption of goods; the impact and aftermath of World War I on literature, art, and intellectual life in Europe and the U.S.; the impact of innovative movements in Western art and literature on other regions of the world; the influence of African and Asian art forms in Europe)
    Knowledge/skill statements
     1.Understands influences on art in Europe and around the world in the early 20th century
     2.Understands influences on culture in Europe and around the world in the early 20th century
     3.Understands the social dimensions of mass consumption of goods
     4.Understands the cultural dimensions of mass consumption of goods
     5.Understands the impact of World War I and its aftermath on literature
     6.Understands the impact of World War I and its aftermath on art
     7.Understands the impact of World War I and its aftermath on intellectual life in Europe
     8.Understands the impact of World War I and its aftermath on intellectual life in the U.S.
     9.Understands the impact of innovative movements in Western art and literature on other regions of the world
     10.Understands the influence of African art forms in Europe
     11.Understands the influence of Asian art forms in Europe
  Level IV (Grade 9-12)
   Benchmark 5.Understands how the emergence of new art, literature, music, and scientific theories influenced society in the early 20th century (e.g., the impact of innovative movements in art, architecture, and literature, such as Cubism, Surrealism, Expressionism, Socialist Realism, and jazz; reflections of war in such movements as Dadaism, and the literary works of Remarque, Spender, Brooke, and Hemingway; the major themes of writers of the "Lost Generation" in the post-World War I era; prominent musicians and composers of the first half of the century and the cultural impact of their music around the world; how Freud's psychoanalytic method and theories of the unconscious changed views of human motives and human nature)
    Knowledge/skill statements
     1.Understands how the emergence of new art influenced society in the early 20th century
     2.Understands how the emergence of new literature influenced society in the early 20th century
     3.Understands how the emergence of new music influenced society in the early 20th century
     4.Understands how the emergence of new scientific theories influenced society in the early 20th century
     5.Understands the impact of innovative movements in art
     6.Understands the impact of innovative movements in architecture
     7.Understands the impact of innovative movements in literature
     8.Understands the impact of Cubism
     9.Understands the impact of Surrealism
     10.Understands the impact of Expressionism
     11.Understands the impact of Socialist Realism
     12.Understands the impact of jazz
     13.Understands reflections of war in Dadaism
     14.Understands reflections of war in the literary works of Remarque
     15.Understands reflections of war in the literary works of Spender
     16.Understands reflections of war in the literary works of Brooke
     17.Understands reflections of war in the literary works of Hemingway
     18.Understands the themes of writers of the "Lost Generation" in the post-World War I era
     19.Knows about prominent musicians of the first half of the century
     20.Knows about prominent composers of the first half of the century
     21.Understands the cultural impact of prominent musicians and composers’ music around the world
     22.Understands how Freud’s psychoanalytic method changed views of human motives and nature
     23.Understands how Freud’s theories of the unconscious changed views of human motives and nature
 Standard 44.  Understands the search for community, stability, and peace in an interdependent world
  Level IV (Grade 9-12)
   Benchmark 1.Understands the influences on and impact of cultural trends in the second half of the 20th century (e.g., the impact of World War II and its aftermath on literature, art, and intellectual life in Europe and other parts of the world; the meaning and social impact of innovative movements in literature and the arts such as Existentialism, Abstract Expressionism, or Pop Art; ways in which art, literature, religion, and traditional customs have expressed or strengthened national or other communal loyalties in recent times)
    Knowledge/skill statements
     1.Understands the influences on cultural trends in the second half of the 20th century
     2.Understands the impact of cultural trends in the second half of the 20th century
     3.Understands the impact of World War II and its aftermath on literature, art, and intellectual life in Europe and other parts of the world
     4.Understands he meaning and social impact of innovative movements in literature and the arts such as Existentialism, Abstract Expressionism, or Pop Art
     5.Understands ways in which art, literature, religion, and traditional customs have expressed or strengthened national or other communal loyalties in recent times