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Topic: Hindu civilization in the era of the Gupta Empire 

World History

 Standard 12.  Understands the Imperial crises and their aftermath in various regions from 300 to 700 CE
  Level II (Grade 5-6)
   Benchmark 3.Understands fundamental Hindu beliefs (e.g., how the concept of dharma reflects a social value for the ideal king, husband and wife, brother and friend; the concepts of Brahma, dharma, and karma, the caste system, ritual sacrifice, and reincarnation)
    Knowledge/skill statements
     1.Understands how the concept of dharma reflects a social value for the ideal king, husband and wife, brother and friend
     2.Understands the concept of Brahma in Hinduism
     4.Understands the concept of karma in Hinduism
     5.Understands the concept of the caste system in Hinduism
     6.Understands the concept of ritual sacrifice in Hinduism
     7.Understands the concept of reincarnation in Hinduism
   Benchmark 4.Understands significant religious and cultural features of the Gupta era (e.g., Gupta achievements in art, literature, and mathematics; the relationship among various religions in India during Gupta times)
    Knowledge/skill statements
     1.Understands significant religious features of the Gupta era
     2.Understands significant cultural features of the Gupta era
     3.Knows Gupta achievements in art
     4.Knows Gupta achievements in literature
     5.Knows Gupta achievements in mathematics
     6.Understands the relationship among various religions in India during Gupta times
  Level III (Grade 7-8)
   Benchmark 3.Understands political events that shaped the Gupta Empire (e.g., factors that contributed to the Gupta Empire's stability and economic prosperity, how Hinduism prevailed as the dominant faith in India, possible reasons for the alliance of the Gupta Empire with Brahmanism and the fall of the Mauryan-Buddhist power, how and why Guptan kings promoted Hinduism while simultaneously fostering Buddhist culture and integrating marginal groups into the political system)
    Knowledge/skill statements
     1.Knows factors that contributed to the Gupta Empire’s stability and economic prosperity
     2.Understands how Hinduism prevailed as the dominant faith in India
     3.Knows possible reasons for the alliance of the Gupta Empire with Brahmanism and the fall of the Mauryan Buddhist power
     4.Understands how and why Guptan kings promoted Hinduism while simultaneously fostering Buddhist culture and integrating marginal groups into the political system
   Benchmark 4.Understands the basis of social relationships in India during the Gupta era (e.g., the social and legal position of women and men, restrictions upon women and their place within the caste system, different social perspectives on the advantages and disadvantages of the caste system)
    Knowledge/skill statements
     1.Knows the social and legal position of women and men in India during the Gupta Empire
     2.Knows restrictions upon women and their place within the caste system in India during the Gupta Empire
     3.Knows different social perspectives on the advantages and disadvantages of the caste system
   Benchmark 7.Understands major achievements in technology, astronomy, and medicine in the Gupta period
    Knowledge/skill statements
     1.Understands major achievements in technology in the Gupta period
     2.Understands major achievements in astronomy in the Gupta period
     3.Understands major achievements in medicine in the Gupta period
  Level IV (Grade 9-12)
   Benchmark 2.Understands the significant social, political, and cultural characteristics of Gupta society (e.g., the Gupta decline and the importance of Hun invasions in the empire's disintegration; the Gupta golden age under Chandragupta II; centers of learning in India in the 4th and 5th centuries CE, and the role of Buddhist monks in education and higher learning; types of evidence available for understanding Gupta India; the route of the Hun invasion of India, and the revival of the golden age of the Guptas)
    Knowledge/skill statements
     1.Understands the significant social characteristics of Gupta society
     2.Understands the significant political characteristics of Gupta society
     3.Understands the significant cultural characteristics of Gupta society
     4.Understands the Gupta decline and the importance of Hun invasions in the empire’s disintegration
     5.Knows features of the Gupta golden age under Chandragupta II
     6.Knows centers of learning in India in the 4th and 5th centuries CE
     7.Knows the role of Buddhist monks in education and higher learning
     8.Knows types of evidence available for understanding Gupta India
     9.Knows the route of the Hun invasion of India
     10.Understands the revival of the golden age of the Guptas
   Benchmark 6.Understands the resurgence of Hinduism in India and its spread to South India (e.g., as reflected in the growth of temple towns and the development of South Indian temple architecture such as the temple of Maduri)
    Knowledge/skill statements
     1.Understands the resurgence of Hinduism in India
     2.Understands the spread of Hinduism to South India
     3.Understands how the growth of temple towns and the development of South Indian temple architecture such as the temple of Maduri reflect the resurgence and spread of Hinduism