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Topic: Global power shifts and the rise of the Cold War 

World History

 Standard 43.  Understands how post-World War II reconstruction occurred, new international power relations took shape, and colonial empires broke up
  Level II (Grade 5-6)
   Benchmark 1.Understands the shift in political and economic conditions after World War II (e.g., why and how the United Nations was established, where it has been active in the world, and how successful it has been as a peacekeeper; the United States' economic position and international leadership post-World War I and post-World War II; aspects of social and political conflict in China in the period following the war)
    Knowledge/skill statements
     1.Understands the shift in political conditions after World War II
     2.Understands the shift in economic conditions after World War II
     3.Understands why and how the United Nations was established
     4.Knows where the U.N. has been active in the world
     5.Knows how successful the U.N. has been as a peacekeeper
     6.Understands features of the United States’ economic position and international leadership post World War I
     7.Understands the United States’ economic position and international leadership post World War II
     8.Understands aspects of social and political conflict in China in the period following World War II
   Benchmark 2.Understands the development of the Cold War (e.g., how political, economic, and military conditions in the mid-1940's led to the Cold War; the significance of international Cold War crises such as the Berlin blockade, the Korean War, the Polish worker's protest, the Hungarian revolt, the Suez crisis, the Cuban missile crisis, the Indonesian civil war, and the Soviet invasion of Czechoslovakia; how the United States and the Soviet Union competed for power and influence in Europe)
    Knowledge/skill statements
     1.Understands how political conditions in the mid 1940’s led to the Cold War
     2.Understands how economic conditions in the mid 1940’s led to the Cold War
     3.Understands how military conditions in the mid 1940’s led to the Cold War
     4.Understands the significance of the international Cold War crises of the Berlin blockade
     5.Understands the significance of the international Cold War crises of the Korean War
     6.Understands the significance of the international Cold War crises of the Polish worker’s protest
     7.Understands the significance of the international Cold War crises of the Hungarian revolt
     8.Understands the significance of the international Cold War crises of the Suez crisis
     9.Understands the significance of the international Cold War crises of the Cuban missile crisis
     10.Understands the significance of the international Cold War crises of the Indonesian civil war
     11.Understands the significance of the international Cold War crises of the Soviet invasion of Czechoslovakia
     12.Understands how the United States and the Soviet Union competed for power and influence in Europe during the Cold War
  Level III (Grade 7-8)
   Benchmark 1.Understands factors that brought about the political and economic transformation of Western and Eastern Europe after World War II (e.g., how Western European countries and Japan achieved rapid economic recovery after the war; the impact of the Marshall Plan, the European Economic Community, government planning, and the growth of welfare states upon the political stabilization of Western Europe; the formations of the Warsaw Pact and the North Atlantic Treaty Organization after the war, and which countries have participated in each of these pacts; why Germany and Berlin were divided after the 1948 crisis, and the resulting problems)
    Knowledge/skill statements
     1.Understands factors that brought about the political and economic transformation of Western Europe after World War II
     2.Understands factors that brought about the political and economic transformation of Eastern Europe after World War II
     3.Understands how Western European countries and Japan achieved rapid economic recovery after the war
     4.Understands the impact of the Marshall Plan upon the political stabilization of Western Europe
     5.Understands the impact of the European Economic Community upon the political stabilization of Western Europe
     6.Understands the impact of government planning upon the political stabilization of Western Europe
     7.Understands the impact of the growth of welfare states upon the political stabilization of Western Europe
     8.Understands the formation of the Warsaw Pact after the war, including which countries have participated in it
     9.Understands the formation of the North Atlantic Treaty Organization after the war, including which countries have participated in it
     10.Understands why Germany and Berlin were divided after the 1948 crisis, and the resulting problems
   Benchmark 2.Understands post-war relations between the Soviet Union, Europe, and the United States (e.g., differences in the political ideologies and values of the Western democracies and the Soviet bloc; the impact of Soviet domination in Eastern Europe; interconnections between superpower rivalries and the development of new military, nuclear, and space technology)
    Knowledge/skill statements
     1.Understands differences in the political ideologies and values of the Western democracies and the Soviet bloc
     2.Understands the impact of Soviet domination in Eastern Europe on post-war relations between the Soviet Union, the United States, and Europe
     3.Understands interconnections between superpower rivalries and the development of new military, nuclear, and space technology
   Benchmark 3.Understands the rise of the Communist Party in China between 1936 and 1949, the factors leading to Mao's programs (e.g., the Great Leap Forward, the Cultural Revolution) and their results (e.g., effects on economic development, human suffering)
    Knowledge/skill statements
     1.Understands the rise of the Communist Party in China between 1936 and 1949
     2.Knows the factors leading to Mao’s programs
     3.Knows factors leading to the Great Leap Forward
     4.Knows factors leading to the Cultural Revolution
     5.Understands the effects of Mao’s programs on economic development
     6.Understands the effects of Mao’s programs on human suffering
  Level IV (Grade 9-12)
   Benchmark 1.Understands political shifts in Europe and Asia following World War II (e.g., why fascism was discredited after World War II; how popular democratic institutions were established in such countries as Italy, the German Federal Republic, Greece, India, Spain, and Portugal between 1945 and 1975)
    Knowledge/skill statements
     1.Understands political shifts in Europe following World War II
     2.Understands political shifts in Asia following World War II
     3.Knows why fascism was discredited after World War II
     4.Understands how popular democratic institutions were established in such countries as Italy, the German Federal Republic, Greece, India, Spain, and Portugal between 1945 and 1975
   Benchmark 2.Understands the impact of relations between the United States and the Soviet Union during the Cold War (e.g., the effects of United States and Soviet competition for influence or dominance upon such countries as Egypt, Iran, the Congo, Vietnam, Chile, and Guatemala; the impact of the Cold War on art, literature, and popular culture around the world)
    Knowledge/skill statements
     1.Understands the effects of United States and Soviet competition for influence or dominance upon Egypt
     2.Understands the effects of United States and Soviet competition for influence or dominance upon Iran
     3.Understands the effects of United States and Soviet competition for influence or dominance upon the Congo
     4.Understands the effects of United States and Soviet competition for influence or dominance upon Vietnam
     5.Understands the effects of United States and Soviet competition for influence or dominance upon Chile
     6.Understands the effects of United States and Soviet competition for influence or dominance upon Guatemala
     7.Understands the impact of the Cold War on art, literature, and popular culture around the world
   Benchmark 6.Understands factors that influenced political conditions in China after World War II (e.g., how much of the Communist success in the Chinese civil war was the result of Mao Zedong's leadership or Jiang Jieshi's lack of leadership, why rifts developed in the relationships between the U.S.S.R. and China in spite of the common bond of Communist-led government)
    Knowledge/skill statements
     1.Understands how much of the Communist success in the Chinese civil war was the result of Mao Zedong’s leadership or Jiang Jieshi’s lack of leadership
     2.Understands why rifts developed in the relationships between the U.S.S.R. and China in spite of the common bond of Communist led government
   Benchmark 7.Understands the strategic role of the Muslim countries during the Cold War (e.g., the importance of geography, economy, and population) and the change in the region's role since the breakup of the Soviet Union
    Knowledge/skill statements
     1.Understands how the geography of Muslim countries gave them strategic importance during the Cold War
     2.Understands how the economies of Muslim countries gave them strategic importance during the Cold War
     3.Understands why the populations of Muslim countries gave them strategic importance during the Cold War
     4.Understands change in the region’s role since the breakup of the Soviet Union