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Topic: Global power and influence 

Geography

 Standard 13.  Understands the forces of cooperation and conflict that shape the divisions of Earth's surface
  Level IV (Grade 9-12)
   Benchmark 1.Understands how cooperation and/or conflict can lead to the allocation of control of Earth's surface (e.g., formation and delineation of regional planning districts, regional school districts, countries, free-trade zones)
    Knowledge/skill statements
     1.Understands how cooperation can lead to the allocation of control of Earth’s surface
     2.Understands how conflict can lead to the allocation of control of Earth’s surface
     3.Understands regional planning districts represent an allocation of control of the Earth’s surface
     4.Understands regional school districts represent an allocation of control of the Earth’s surface
     5.Understands the formation and delineation of countries as an allocation of control of the Earth’s surface
     6.Understands free-trade zones represent an allocation of control of the Earth’s surface
   Benchmark 4.Understands the changes that occur in the extent and organization of social, political, and economic entities on Earth's surface (e.g., imperial powers such as the Roman Empire, Han Dynasty, Carolingian Empire, British Empire)
    Knowledge/skill statements
     1.Understands the changes that occur in the extent and organization of social entities on Earth’s surface
     2.Understands the changes that occur in the extent and organization of political entities on Earth’s surface
     3.Understands the changes that occur in the extent and organization of economic entities on Earth’s surface
     4.Understands the changes that occurred concerning imperial powers during the Roman Empire
     5.Understands the changes that occurred concerning imperial powers during the Han Dynasty
     6.Understands the changes that occurred concerning imperial powers during the Carolingian Empire
     7.Understands the changes that occurred concerning imperial powers during the British Empire
   Benchmark 6.Understands how external forces can conflict economically and politically with internal interests in a region (e.g., how the Pampas in Argentina underwent a significant socioeconomic transformation in the 19th and early 20th centuries as a consequence of European demands for grain and beef; the consequences of the French colonization of IndoChina in the 19th century to procure tin, tungsten, and rubber; the friction between Hindus and Muslims in the Indian subcontinent in the 1940s which led to the formation of India and Pakistan)
    Knowledge/skill statements
     1.Understands how external forces can conflict economically with internal interests in a region
     2.Understands how external forces can conflict politically with internal interests in a region
     3.Understands how the Pampas in Argentina underwent a significant socioeconomic transformation in the 19th and early 20th centuries as a consequence of European demands for grain and beef
     4.Understands the consequences of the French colonization of IndoChina in the 19th century to procure tin, tungsten, and rubber
     5.Understands the friction between Hindus and Muslims in the Indian subcontinent in the 1940s which led to the formation of India and Pakistan
 Standard 17.  Understands how geography is used to interpret the past
  Level IV (Grade 9-12)
   Benchmark 3.Understands the ways in which physical and human features have influenced the evolution of significant historic events and movements (e.g., the effects of imperialism, colonization, and decolonization on the economic and political developments of the 19th and 20th centuries; the geographical forces responsible for the industrial revolution in England in the late 18th and early 19th centuries; physical and human factors that have led to famines and large-scale refugee movements)
    Knowledge/skill statements
     1.Understands the ways in which physical features have influenced the evolution of significant historic events
     2.Understands the ways in which physical features have influenced the evolution of significant historic movements
     3.Understands the ways in which human features have influenced the evolution of significant historic events
     4.Understands the ways in which human features have influenced the evolution of significant historic movements
     5.Understands the effects of imperialism on the economic and political developments of the 19th and 20th centuries
     6.Understands the effects colonization on the economic and political developments of the 19th and 20th centuries
     7.Understands the effects of decolonization on the economic and political developments of the 19th and 20th centuries
     8.Knows the geographical forces responsible for the industrial revolution in England in the late 18th and early 19th centuries
     9.Knows physical factors that have led to famines
     10.Knows physical factors that have led to large-scale refugee movements
     11.Knows human factors that have led to famines

World History

 Standard 45.  Understands major global trends since World War II
  Level III (Grade 7-8)
   Benchmark 3.Understands the causes and consequences of the world's shift from bipolar to multipolar centers of economic, political, and military power
    Knowledge/skill statements
     1.Understands the causes of the world’s shift from bipolar to multipolar centers of economic, political, and military power
     2.Understands the consequences of the world’s shift from bipolar to multipolar centers of economic, political, and military power
 Standard 46.  Understands long-term changes and recurring patterns in world history
  Level IV (Grade 9-12)
   Benchmark 2.Understands the circumstances under which European countries came to exercise temporary military and economic dominance in the world in the late 19th and 20th centuries
    Knowledge/skill statements
     1.Understands the circumstances under which European countries came to exercise temporary military dominance in the world in the late 19th and 20th centuries
     2.Understands the circumstances under which European countries came to exercise temporary economic dominance in the world in the late 19th and 20th centuries