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Topic: Expansion of Christianity and Buddhism 

World History

 Standard 9.  Understand how major religious and large-scale empires arose in the Mediterranean Basin, China, and India from 500 BCE to 300 CE
  Level II (Grade 5-6)
   Benchmark 4.Understands events in the rise of Christianity (e.g., the life of Paul the Apostle and his contribution to the spread of Christian beliefs, how Christianity spread widely in the Roman Empire, how the New Testament illustrates early Christian beliefs)
    Knowledge/skill statements
     1.Understands the life of Paul the Apostle and his contribution to the spread of Christian beliefs
     2.Understands how Christianity spread widely in the Roman Empire
     3.Understands how the New Testament illustrates early Christian beliefs
   Benchmark 7.Understands the origins of Buddhism and fundamental Buddhist beliefs (e.g., the life story of Buddha and his essential teachings; how the Buddhist teachings were a response to the Brahmanic system; the contributions of the emperor Ashoka to the expansion of Buddhism in India; how Indian epic stories reflect social values, and how the Jakata tales reveal Buddhist teachings)
    Knowledge/skill statements
     1.Understands the origins of Buddhism
     2.Understands fundamental Buddhist beliefs
     3.Knows the life story of Buddha
     4.Knows Buddha’s essential teachings
     5.Understands how the Buddhist teachings were a response to the Brahmanic system
     6.Knows the contributions of the emperor Ashoka to the expansion of Buddhism in India
     7.Understands how Indian epic stories reflect social values
     8.Understands how the Jakata tales reveal Buddhist teachings
 Standard 12.  Understands the Imperial crises and their aftermath in various regions from 300 to 700 CE
  Level II (Grade 5-6)
   Benchmark 2.Understands various characteristics of Christianity and Buddhism (e.g., methods used to spread the two religions to new areas and people; possible aspects of Christianity and Buddhism that appealed to people living between the 3rd and 5th centuries CE; the approximate geographical realms of Buddhism, Christianity, Hinduism, and Confucianism until the 5th century CE)
    Knowledge/skill statements
     1.Understands various characteristics of Christianity
     2.Understands various characteristics of Buddhism
     3.Knows methods used to spread Christianity to new areas and people
     4.Knows methods used to spread Buddhism to new areas and people
     5.Knows possible aspects of Christianity that appealed to people living between the 3rd and 5th centuries CE
     6.Knows possible aspects of Buddhism that appealed to people living between the 3rd and 5th centuries CE
     7.Knows the approximate geographical realms of Buddhism until the 5th century CE
     8.Knows the approximate geographical realms of Christianity until the 5th century CE
     9.Knows the approximate geographical realms of Hinduism until the 5th century CE
     10.Knows the approximate geographical realms of Confucianism until the 5th century CE
  Level III (Grade 7-8)
   Benchmark 2.Understands how the spread of Buddhism and Christianity influenced different regions (e.g., the spread of the two religions in the context of change and crisis in the Roman and Han empires; the importance of monasticism in the growth of Christianity and Buddhism and the participation of men and women in monastic life and missionary activity; the importance of universal salvation to the early history of these two religions; the locations of new centers of Buddhism and Christianity and the major routes used to spread the faith beyond these centers; the efforts and successes of Ashoka and Constantine to legitimize Buddhism and Christianity and spread them throughout India and Europe respectively)
    Knowledge/skill statements
     1.Understands how the spread of Buddhism influenced different regions
     2.Understands how the spread of Christianity influenced different regions
     3.Understands the spread of Christianity and Buddhism in the context of change and crisis in the Roman and Han empires
     4.Understands the importance of monasticism in the growth of Christianity and Buddhism and the participation of men and women in monastic life and missionary activity
     5.Understands the importance of universal salvation to the early history of Christianity and Buddhism
     6.Knows the locations of new centers of Buddhism
     7.Knows the locations of new centers of Christianity
     8.Knows the major routes used to spread the Buddhist faith beyond its new centers
     9.Knows the major routes used to spread Christianity beyond its new centers
     10.Understands the efforts and successes of Ashoka and Constantine to legitimize Buddhism and spread it throughout India and Europe respectively
     11.Understands the efforts and successes of Ashoka and Constantine to legitimize Christianity and spread it throughout India and Europe respectively
   Benchmark 6.Understands the changing status of women in early Christian and Buddhist societies
    Knowledge/skill statements
     1.Understands the changing status of women in early Christian societies
     2.Understands the changing status of women in early Buddhist societies
  Level IV (Grade 9-12)
   Benchmark 4.Understands how the spread of different religions influenced political and social conditions in various regions (e.g., the spread of religious Daoism and Buddhism in China; possible causal relationships between the spread of Christianity and Buddhism, and the expansion of international trade; royal patronage of religion and the desires of a growing middle class for "peace" to enable commercial expansion)
    Knowledge/skill statements
     1.Understands how the spread of different religions influenced political conditions in various regions
     2.Understands how the spread of different religions influenced social conditions in various regions
     3.Understands the spread of religious Daoism and Buddhism in China
     4.Knows possible causal relationships between the spread of Christianity and Buddhism
     5.Understands the relationship of the expansion of international trade to the spread of different religions
     6.Understands royal patronage of religion and the desires of a growing middle class for "peace" to enable commercial expansion
   Benchmark 5.Understands shifts in the status of women from pagan Roman society to Christian society (e.g., the shifting importance of social class, marital status)
    Knowledge/skill statements
     1.Understands the status women in pagan Roman society
     2.Understands the status of women in Christian society
     3.Understands shifts in the importance of social class of women from pagan Roman to Christian society
     4.Understands shifts in the importance of the marital status of women from pagan Roman to Christian society
 Standard 14.  Understands major developments in East Asia and Southeast Asia in the era of the Tang Dynasty from 600 to 900 CE
  Level III (Grade 7-8)
   Benchmark 2.Understands how Buddhism was introduced from Tang China to Korea and Japan (e.g., why the Korean emperor encouraged Japan to adopt this religion)
    Knowledge/skill statements
     1.Understands how Buddhism was introduced from Tang China to Korea
     2.Understands how Buddhism was introduced from Tang China to Japan
     3.Understands why the Korean emperor encouraged Japan to adopt the Buddhist religion
   Benchmark 4.Understands events that shaped Japanese culture (e.g., the influence of Chinese culture on Japanese society from the 7th to the 11th century; use of Chinese as the lingua franca in East Asia in the late 1st millennium; major contributions and developments of early cultures of Japan from 10,000 B.C.E. to circa 200 CE; the influence of Buddhism on Japan between the 8th and 9th centuries, how it changed Japanese society, and reasons for its restriction by the emperor in Heian)
    Knowledge/skill statements
     1.Understands the influence of Chinese culture on Japanese society from the 7th to the 11th century
     2.Understands the use of Chinese as the lingua franca in East Asia in the late 1st millennium
     3.Understands major contributions and developments of early cultures of Japan from 10,000 B.C.E. to circa 200 CE
     4.Understands the influence of Buddhism on Japan between the 8th and 9th centuries and how it changed Japanese society
     5.Understands reasons for the restriction of Buddhism in Japan by the emperor in Heian
 Standard 18.  Understands major global trends from 300 to 1000 CE
  Level II (Grade 5-6)
   Benchmark 1.Understands major changes in the religious map of Eurasia and Africa between 300 and 1000 CE (e.g., the success of Christianity, Buddhism, Hinduism, and Islam in making converts among peoples of differing ethnic and cultural traditions)
    Knowledge/skill statements
     1.Understands the success of Christianity in making converts among peoples of differing ethnic and cultural traditions
     2.Understands the success of Buddhism in making converts among peoples of differing ethnic and cultural traditions
     3.Understands the success of Hinduism in making converts among peoples of differing ethnic and cultural traditions
     4.Understands the success of Islam in making converts among peoples of differing ethnic and cultural traditions
 Standard 19.  Understands the maturation of an interregional system of communication, trade, and cultural exchange during a period of Chinese economic power and Islamic expansion
  Level IV (Grade 9-12)
   Benchmark 3.Understands how different religious movements influenced various cultures between the 11th and 13th centuries (e.g., the origins and growth of the North African Islamic reform movements; the impact of Christian campaigns of the Crusades on the societies and Muslim populations of Cairo, Damascus, and Sicily)
    Knowledge/skill statements
     1.Knows the origins of the North African Islamic reform movements
     2.Understands the growth of the North African Islamic reform movements
     3.Understands the impact of Christian campaigns of the Crusades on the societies and Muslim populations of Cairo, Damascus, and Sicily
 Standard 20.  Understands the redefinition of European society and culture from 1000 to 1300 CE
  Level III (Grade 7-8)
   Benchmark 7.Understands the roles and motivations of squires, saints, and soldiers in Christian Europe (e.g., aspects of training, rights, and responsibilities required of young men from noble families wishing to become squires; the role played by saints in the spread of Christianity; why Muslim and Christian soldiers may have joined the Crusades)
    Knowledge/skill statements
     1.Understands the roles and motivations of squires in Christian Europe
     2.Understands the roles and motivations of saints in Christian Europe
     3.Understands the roles and motivations of soldiers in Christian Europe
     4.Understands aspects of training, rights, and responsibilities required of young men from noble families wishing to become squires
     5.Understands the role played by saints in the spread of Christianity
     6.Understands why Muslim and Christian soldiers may have joined the Crusades
 Standard 22.  Understands the growth of states, towns, and trade in Sub-Saharan Africa between the 11th and 15th centuries
  Level III (Grade 7-8)
   Benchmark 2.Understands religious aspects of Ethiopian society (e.g., the expansion of the Christian Ethiopian kingdom and its search for wider connections in the Christian world, the major achievements of the Zagwe Dynasty in Ethiopia and how this dynasty affected both Coptic Christians and Muslims)
    Knowledge/skill statements
     1.Understands the expansion of the Christian Ethiopian kingdom and its search for wider connections in the Christian world
     2.Knows the major achievements of the Zagwe Dynasty in Ethiopia
     3.Understands how the Zagwe Dynasty affected both Coptic Christians and Muslims
  Level IV (Grade 9-12)
   Benchmark 3.Understands the influence of religion on African culture (e.g., Islamic and Christian expansion in Africa and why Islam was successful there; the differences between Coptic and Latin Christianity and how Coptics adapted African traditions to Christianity; the Zagwe Dynasty's achievements through patronage of Christian art and architecture, and characteristics of Ethiopian art and rock churches)
    Knowledge/skill statements
     1.Understands aspects of Islamic and Christian expansion in Africa and why Islam was successful there
     2.Knows the differences between Coptic and Latin Christianity
     3.Understands how Coptics adapted African traditions to Christianity
     4.Understands the Zagwe Dynasty’s achievements through patronage of Christian art and architecture
     5.Knows the characteristics of Ethiopian art and rock churches