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Topic: End of European colonial rule in Africa, Asia, and the Caribbean 

World History

 Standard 43.  Understands how post-World War II reconstruction occurred, new international power relations took shape, and colonial empires broke up
  Level II (Grade 5-6)
   Benchmark 3.Understands political and social change in the developing countries of the Middle East, Africa, and Asia after World War II (e.g., how Israel was created, and why persistent conflict developed between Israel and both Arab Palestinians and neighboring states; the African experience under European colonial rule; major social and economic forces that compelled many Vietnamese to seek refuge in foreign countries)
    Knowledge/skill statements
     1.Understands political and social change in the developing countries of the Middle East after World War II
     2.Understands political and social change in the developing countries of Africa after World War II
     3.Understands political and social change in the developing countries of Asia after World War II
     4.Understands how Israel was created, and why persistent conflict developed between Israel and both Arab Palestinians and neighboring states
     5.Understands the African experience under European colonial rule
     6.Knows major social and economic forces that compelled many Vietnamese to seek refuge in foreign countries
   Benchmark 4.Understands the position of women in developing countries (e.g., as compared to their position in industrialized countries, how change has occurred in different societies)
    Knowledge/skill statements
     1.Understands the position of women in developing countries as compared to their position in industrialized countries
     2.Understands how change has occurred in the position of women in different societies
  Level III (Grade 7-8)
   Benchmark 4.Understands nationalist movements and other attempts by colonial countries to achieve independence after World War II (e.g., the impact of Indian nationalism on other movements in Africa and Asia, and reasons for the division of the subcontinent; how World War II and postwar global politics affected the mass nationalist movements in colonial Africa and Southeast Asia; factors that enabled some African and Asian countries to achieve independence through constitutional devolution of power, while others used armed revolution; the methods used by Indians to achieve independence from British rule and the effects of Mohandas Gandhi's call for nonviolent action)
    Knowledge/skill statements
     1.Understands the impact of Indian nationalism on other movements in Africa and Asia, and reasons for the division of the subcontinent
     2.Understands how World War II and postwar global politics affected the mass nationalist movements in colonial Africa
     3.Understands how World War II and postwar global politics affected the mass nationalist movements in colonial Southeast Asia
     4.Knows factors that enabled some African and Asian countries to achieve independence through constitutional devolution of power, while others used armed revolution
     5.Knows the methods used by Indians to achieve independence from British rule
     6.Knows the effects of Mohandas Gandhi’s call for nonviolent action
   Benchmark 5.Understands political conditions in Africa after World War II (e.g., the moral, social, political, and economic implications of apartheid; the diverse leadership and governing styles of African regimes through the second half of the 20th century)
    Knowledge/skill statements
     1.Understands the moral, social, political, and economic implications of apartheid
     2.Knows the diverse leadership and governing styles of African regimes through the second half of the 20th century
   Benchmark 6.Understands important events in the struggle between Israelis and Palestinians since 1948 and the argument on each side for rights to the disputed land
    Knowledge/skill statements
     1.Understands important events in the struggle between Israelis and Palestinians since 1948
     2.Understands the argument on the side of the Israelis and the Palestinians for rights to the disputed land
  Level IV (Grade 9-12)
   Benchmark 3.Understands reasons for the division of the Indian subcontinent (e.g., events that led to the dispute over Kashmir and the resulting partition of the Indian subcontinent, and the role of the United Nations in the mediation of the dispute; how the withdrawal of the British and the division between Muslims and Hindus affected the division of the Indian subcontinent into two nations)
    Knowledge/skill statements
     1.Knows events that led to the dispute over Kashmir and the resulting partition of the Indian subcontinent
     2.Knows the role of the United Nations in the mediation of the dispute over Kashmir
   Benchmark 4.Understands the impact of independence movements in various countries and whether they were successful (e.g., the connections between the rise of independence movements in Africa and Southeast Asia and social transformations such as accelerated population growth, urbanization, and new Western-educated elites; the chronology of the Algerian struggle for independence, the role of domestic and international public opinion in the actions of the government, and how the French presence influenced the outcome; how diverse independence movements in Asia and Africa succeeded)
    Knowledge/skill statements
     1.Understands the impact of independence movements in various countries
     2.Understands whether independence movements in various countries were successful
     3.Understands the connections between the rise of independence movements in Africa and Southeast Asia and social transformations such as accelerated population growth, urbanization, and new Western educated elites
     4.Knows the chronology of the Algerian struggle for independence, the role of domestic and international public opinion in the actions of the government, and how the French presence influenced the outcome
     5.Understands how diverse independence movements in Asia succeeded
     6.Understands how diverse independence movements in Africa succeeded
   Benchmark 5.Understands reasons for the shift in government in Africa and how Africans responded (e.g., reasons for the replacement of parliamentary-style governments with military regimes and one-party states in much of Africa, how Africans survived and resisted apartheid)
    Knowledge/skill statements
     1.Understands reasons for the shift in government in Africa
     2.Understands how Africans responded to the shift of government
     3.Knows reasons for the replacement of parliamentary style governments with military regimes and one party states in much of Africa
     4.Understands how Africans survived and resisted apartheid
   Benchmark 8.Understands similarities between the stance of Buddhist priests against the Diem regime in Vietnam and the Muslim stance against the Kukarn regime in Indonesia
    Knowledge/skill statements
     1.Understands the stance of Buddhist priests against the Diem regime in Vietnam
     2.Understands the Muslim stance against the Kukarn regime in Indonesia
   Benchmark 9.Understands how the Balfour Declaration affected British policy toward Palestine and the political goals of the Arab League and the Zionist Movement, and how the White Paper Reports affected Jewish and Arab inhabitants of Palestine
    Knowledge/skill statements
     1.Understands how the Balfour Declaration affected British policy toward Palestine
     2.Understands how the Balfour Declaration affected the political goals of the Arab League and the Zionist Movement
     3.Understands how the White Paper Reports affected Jewish inhabitants of Palestine
     4.Understands how the White Paper Reports affected Arab inhabitants of Palestine