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Topic: Emergence and spread of Islam  

World History

 Standard 13.  Understands the causes and consequences of the development of Islamic civilization between the 7th and 10th centuries
  Level II (Grade 5-6)
   Benchmark 1.Understands the spread of Islam in Southwest Asia and the Mediterranean region (e.g., the life of Muhammad, his devotion to God, and the basic beliefs and values he preached; how Islam spread in Southwest Asia and the Mediterranean and evidence for its influence; the importance to Islam of the Hegira [Hirjah], the Ka'abah, the Qur'an, the Sunnah, the Hajj, the daily prayer [Salat], the poor due [Zakat] and Ramadan)
    Knowledge/skill statements
     1.Understands the spread of Islam in Southwest Asia
     2.Understands the spread of Islam in the Mediterranean region
     3.Knows events in the life of Muhammad
     4.Understands aspects of Muhammad’s devotion to God and the basic beliefs and values he preached
     5.Knows evidence of the influence of Islam in Southwest Asia
     6.Knows evidence of Islam’s influence in the Mediterranean basin
     7.Understands the importance to Islam of the Hegira (Hirjah), the Ka’abah, the Qur’an, the Sunnah, the Hajj, the daily prayer (Salat), the poor due (Zakat) and Ramadan
   Benchmark 2.Understands the influence of Islamic ideas and practices on other cultures and social behavior (e.g., the origin and development of Islamic law; the influence of Islamic law and Muslim practice on family life, morals, marriage, inheritance, and slavery; the possible appeal of Islam to culturally diverse non-Muslims across Afro-Eurasia in the Abbasid era)
    Knowledge/skill statements
     1.Knows the origins of Islamic law
     2.Understands the development of Islamic law
     3.Understands the influence of Islamic law and Muslim practice on family life
     4.Understands the influence of Islamic law and Muslim practice on morals
     5.Understands the influence of Islamic law and Muslim practice on marriage practices
     6.Understands the influence of Islamic law and Muslim practice on inheritance practices
     7.Understands the influence of Islamic law and Muslim practice on slavery practices
     8.Understands the possible appeal of Islam to culturally diverse non Muslims across Afro Eurasia in the Abbasid era
   Benchmark 4.Understands the effect of geography on different groups and their trade practices (e.g., nomads, town-dwellers, trade practices on the Arabian peninsula; the goods traded and the origins of these goods)
    Knowledge/skill statements
     1.Understands the effect of geography on nomads of the Arabian peninsula and their trade practices
     2.Understands the effect of geography on town-dwellers on the Arabian peninsula and their trade practices
     3.Understands the effects of geography on trade practices on the Arabian peninsula
     4.Knows the goods traded on the Arabian peninsula and the origins of these goods
  Level III (Grade 7-8)
   Benchmark 1.Understands how the Muslims spread Islamic beliefs and established their empire (e.g., how Muslim forces overthrew the Byzantines in Syria and Egypt and the Sassanids in Persia and Iraq; Arab Muslim success in founding an empire stretching from Western Europe to India and China; the diverse religious, cultural, and geographic factors that influenced the ability of the Muslim government to rule; how Islam attracted new converts)
    Knowledge/skill statements
     1.Understands how Muslim forces overthrew the Byzantines in Syria and Egypt
     2.Understands how Muslim forces overthrew the Sassanids in Persia and Iraq
     3.Understands Arab Muslim success in founding an empire stretching from Western Europe to India and China
     4.Understands the diverse religious factors that influenced the ability of the Muslim government to rule
     5.Understands the diverse cultural factors that influenced the ability of the Muslim government to rule
     6.Understands the diverse geographic factors that influenced the ability of the Muslim government to rule
     7.Understands how Islam attracted new converts
  Level IV (Grade 9-12)
   Benchmark 1.Understands the political, social, and religious problems confronting the Byzantine and Sassanid Persian Empires in the 7th century and the commercial role of Arabia in the Southwest Asian economy
    Knowledge/skill statements
     1.Understands the political problems confronting the Byzantine empire in the 7th century
     2.Understands the religious problems confronting the Byzantine empire in the 7th century
     3.Understands the social problems confronting the Byzantine empire in the 7th century
     4.Understands the political problems confronting the Sassanid Persian empire in the 7th century
     5.Understands the religious problems confronting the Byzantine empire in the 7th century
     6.Understands the social problems confronting the Sassanid Persian empire in the 7th century
     7.Understands the commercial role of Arabia in the Southwest Asian economy
   Benchmark 2.Understands challenges to Muslim civilization (e.g., the transformation of the Arab Caliphate into a Southwest Asian and Mediterranean Empire under the Umyyad Dynasty, and why the Muslim community divided into Sunni and Shi'ite factions; the significance of the Battle of Tours of 733 as interpreted by Muslim and Christian sources and changing historiographical views of the event)
    Knowledge/skill statements
     1.Understands the transformation of the Arab Caliphate into a Southwest Asian and Mediterranean Empire under the Umyyad Dynasty
     2.Understands why the Muslim community divided into Sunni and Shi’ite factions
     3.Understands the significance of the Battle of Tours of 733 as interpreted by Muslim sources
     4.Understands the significance of the Battle of Tours of 733 as interpreted by Christian sources
     5.Understands changing historiographical views of the Battle of Tours of 733
   Benchmark 3.Understands the strengths and weaknesses of the Abbasid, Byzantine, and Sassanid Persian governments and military institutions
    Knowledge/skill statements
     1.Understands the strengths of the Abbasid government institutions
     2.Understands the weaknesses of the Abbasid military institutions
     3.Understands the strengths of the Abbasid military institutions
     4.Understands the weaknesses of the Abbasid military institutions
     5.Understands the strengths of the Byzantine government institutions
     6.Understands the weaknesses of the Byzantine government institutions
     7.Understands the strengths of the Byzantine military institutions
     8.Understands the weaknesses of the Byzantine military institutions
     9.Understands the strengths of the Sassanid Persian government institutions
     10.Understands the weaknesses of the Sassanid Persian government institutions
     11.Understands the strengths of the Sassanid Persian military institutions
     12.Understands the weaknesses of the Sassanid Persian military institutions
   Benchmark 4.Understands the social structure of the Abbasid Empire (e.g., the treatment and legal status of non-Muslims and their cultural and social contributions to society; the lives of prominent women and factors that facilitated and mitigated their rise to prominence; the role and status of royal bureaucrats, landowning nobles, peasants, urban artisans, and slaves; what Islamic conversion and adherence meant for social status)
    Knowledge/skill statements
     1.Understands the treatment and legal status of non Muslims in the Abbasid Empire
     2.Knows the cultural and social contributions of non Muslims to society in the Abbasid Empire
     3.Understands features of the lives of prominent women and factors that facilitated and mitigated their rise to prominence in the Abbasid Empire
     4.Knows the role and status of royal bureaucrats in the Abbasid Empire
     5.Knows the role and status of landowning nobles in the Abbasid Empire
     6.Knows the role and status of peasants in the Abbasid Empire
     7.Knows the role and status of urban artisans in the Abbasid Empire
     8.Knows the role and status of slaves in the Abbasid Empire
     9.Understands what Islamic conversion and adherence meant for social status
   Benchmark 7.Understands significant social and cultural changes in Islamic civilization between the 7th and 10th centuries (e.g., the changing position of women in the new Islam, how Muslim mosque architecture physically reflects the relationship between people, spiritual leaders, and God in Islam; the process through which Arabic became a common language in the early Islamic centuries; what branches of. scholarship developed out of the efforts of Muslim leaders and scholars to record the Qur'an and Hadith)
    Knowledge/skill statements
     1.Understands the changing position of women in the new Islam
     2.Understands how Muslim mosque architecture physically reflects the relationship between people, spiritual leaders, and God in Islam
     3.Understands the process through which Arabic became a common language in the early Islamic centuries
     4.Knows what branches of scholarship developed out of the efforts of Muslim leaders and scholars to record the Qur’an and Hadit
 Standard 18.  Understands major global trends from 300 to 1000 CE
  Level II (Grade 5-6)
   Benchmark 1.Understands major changes in the religious map of Eurasia and Africa between 300 and 1000 CE (e.g., the success of Christianity, Buddhism, Hinduism, and Islam in making converts among peoples of differing ethnic and cultural traditions)
    Knowledge/skill statements
     1.Understands the success of Christianity in making converts among peoples of differing ethnic and cultural traditions
     2.Understands the success of Buddhism in making converts among peoples of differing ethnic and cultural traditions
     3.Understands the success of Hinduism in making converts among peoples of differing ethnic and cultural traditions
     4.Understands the success of Islam in making converts among peoples of differing ethnic and cultural traditions