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Topic: Principles of the Declaration of Independence 

United States History

 Standard 6.  Understands the causes of the American Revolution, the ideas and interests involved in shaping the revolutionary movement, and reasons for the American victory
  Level II (Grade 5-6)
   Benchmark 3.Understands the major ideas in the Declaration of Independence, their sources, and how they became unifying ideas of American democracy (e.g., major terms, why the document was written, what the signers risked)
    Knowledge/skill statements
     1.Understands the major ideas in the Declaration of Independence
     2.Understands the sources of ideas in the Declaration of Independence
     3.Understands how the ideas in the Declaration of Independence became unifying ideas of American democracy
     4.Understands the major terms in the Declaration of Independence
     5.Understands why the Declaration of Independence was written
     6.Understands what the signers of the Declaration of Independence risked
  Level III (Grade 7-8)
   Benchmark 2.Understands contradictions between the Declaration of Independence and the institution of chattel slavery
    Knowledge/skill statements
     1.Understands the basic principles of the Declaration of Independence
     2.Knows about the institution of chattel slavery
     3.Understands how the Declaration of Independence and the institution of chattel slavery are contradictory
   Benchmark 6.Understands the creation of the Declaration of Independence (e.g., historical antecedents that contributed to the document, individuals who struggled for independence)
    Knowledge/skill statements
     1.Knows about the historical antecedents that contributed to the Declaration of Independence
     2.Knows about individuals who struggled for independence
  Level IV (Grade 9-12)
   Benchmark 2.Understands how the principles of the Declaration of Independence justified American independence
    Knowledge/skill statements
     1.Understands the principles of the Declaration of Independence
     2.Understands the arguments to justify American independence
   Benchmark 3.Understands differences and similarities between the Declaration of Independence and other documents on government (e.g., the French Declaration of the Rights of Man and Citizen, John Locke’s Two Treatises on Government)
    Knowledge/skill statements
     1.Understands the differences between the Declaration of Independence and other documents on government
     2.Understands the similarities between the Declaration of Independence and other documents on government
     3.Understands the differences between the Declaration of Independence and the French Declaration of the Rights of Man and Citizen
     4.Understands the similarities between the Declaration of Independence and the French Declaration of the Rights of Man and Citizen
     5.Understands the differences between the Declaration of Independence and John Locke’s Two Treatises on Government
     6.Understands the similarities between the Declaration of Independence and John Locke’s Two Treatises on Government
   Benchmark 8.Understands the arguments of advocates and opponents of slavery from different regions of the country during the revolutionary period (e.g., how pro-slavery Americans justified their defense of slavery with their espousal of inalienable rights to freedom, how enslaved African Americans employed revolutionary ideals to obtain their freedom)
    Knowledge/skill statements
     1.Understands the arguments of advocates of slavery from different regions of the country during the revolutionary period
     2.Understands the arguments of opponents of slavery from different regions of the country during the revolutionary period
     3.Understands how pro-slavery Americans justified their defense of slavery with their espousal of inalienable rights to freedom
     4.Understands how enslaved African Americans employed revolutionary ideals to obtain their freedom