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Topic: Early civilization in Southwest Asia and India 

World History

 Standard 3.  Understands the major characteristics of civilization and the development of civilizations in Mesopotamia, Egypt, and the Indus Valley
  Level II (Grade 5-6)
   Benchmark 1.Understands influences on the development of various civilizations in the 4th and 3rd millennia BCE (e.g., how the natural environment of the Tigris-Euphrates, Nile, and Indus Valleys shaped the early development of civilization; different characteristics of urban development in Mesopotamia, Egypt, and the Indus Valley)
    Knowledge/skill statements
     1.Understands how the natural environment of the Tigris Euphrates shaped the early development of civilization
     2.Understands how the natural environment of the Nile Valley shaped the early development of civilization
     3.Understands how the natural environment of the Indus Valley shaped the early development of civilization
     4.Knows the characteristics of urban development in Mesopotamia
     5.Knows the characteristics of early urban development in Egypt
     6.Knows the characteristics of urban development in the Indus Valley
   Benchmark 2.Understands the characteristics of writing forms in Mesopotamia, Egypt, and the Indus Valley and how written records shaped political, legal, religious, and cultural life
    Knowledge/skill statements
     1.Understands the characteristics of writing forms in Mesopotamia
     2.Understands the characteristics of writing forms in early Egypt
     3.Understands the characteristics of writing forms in the Indus Valley
     4.Understands how written records shaped political, legal, religious, and cultural life in Mesopotamia
     5.Understands how written records shaped political, legal, religious, and cultural life in early Egypt
     6.Understands how written records shaped political, legal, religious, and cultural life in the Indus Valley
   Benchmark 3.Understands how economic, political, and environmental factors influenced the civilizations of Mesopotamia, Egypt, and the Indus Valley (e.g., the impact of trade networks connecting various regions of Southwest Asia on Mesopotamian civilization; the importance of commercial, cultural, and political connections between Egypt and peoples of Nubia along the upper Nile; how geography and climate affected trade in the Nile Valley)
    Knowledge/skill statements
     1.Understands how economic factors influenced the civilization of Mesopotamia
     2.Understands how economic factors influenced the early civilization of Egypt
     3.Understands how economic factors influenced the civilization of the Indus Valley
     4.Understands how political factors influenced the civilization of Mesopotamia
     5.Understands how political factors influenced the early civilization of Egypt
     6.Understands how political factors influenced the civilization of the Indus Valley
     7.Understands how environmental factors influenced the civilization of Mesopotamia
     8.Understands how environmental factors influenced the early civilization of Egypt
     9.Understands how environmental factors influenced the civilization of the Indus Valley
     10.Understands the impact of trade networks connecting various regions of Southwest Asia on Mesopotamian civilization
     11.Understands the importance of commercial, cultural, and political connections between Egypt and peoples of Nubia along the upper Nile
     12.Understands how geography and climate affected trade in the Nile Valley
  Level III (Grade 7-8)
   Benchmark 1.Understands environmental and cultural factors that shaped the development of Mesopotamia, Egypt and the Indus Valley (e.g., development of religious and ethical belief systems and how they legitimized political and social order; demands of the natural environment; how written records such as the Epic of Gilgamesh reflected and shaped the political, religious, and cultural life of Mesopotamia)
    Knowledge/skill statements
     1.Understands how environmental factors shaped the development of the civilization of Mesopotamia
     2.Understands how environmental factors shaped the development of the early civilization of Egypt
     3.Understands how environmental factors shaped the development of the civilization of the Indus Valley
     4.Understands how cultural factors shaped the development of Mesopotamia
     5.Understands how cultural factors shaped the development of early Egyptian civilization
     6.Understands how cultural factors shaped the development of the Indus Valley
     7.Understands the development of religious and ethical belief systems and how they legitimized political and social order
     8.Understands how written records such as the Epic of Gilgamesh reflected and shaped the political, religious, and cultural life of Mesopotamia
   Benchmark 2.Understands the role of economics in shaping the development of Mesopotamia, Egypt, and the Indus Valley (e.g., the economic and cultural significance of the trade routes between Egypt, India, and Mesopotamia in the 3rd millennium, the importance of traded goods to each society)
    Knowledge/skill statements
     1.Understands how economic factors shaped the development of the civilization of Mesopotamia
     2.Understands how economic factors shaped the development of the early civilization of Egypt
     3.Understands how economic factors shaped the development of the civilization of the Indus Valley
     4.Understands the economic and cultural significance of the trade routes between Egypt, India, and Mesopotamia in the 3rd millennium
     5.Understands the importance of traded goods to Mesopotamia, Egypt, and the Indus Valley societies
  Level IV (Grade 9-12)
   Benchmark 1.Understands influences on the social and economic framework of Mesopotamia, Egypt, and the Indus Valley (e.g., the characteristics of government and military in Egypt and Mesopotamia and the ways in which central authorities commanded labor and taxes from peasant farmers; how architectural, artistic, technological, and scientific achievements of these civilizations affected the economics of daily life)
    Knowledge/skill statements
     1.Understands influences on the social framework of Mesopotamia
     2.Understands influences on the social framework of early Egypt
     3.Understands influences on the social framework of the Indus Valley
     4.Understands influences on the economic framework of Mesopotamia
     5.Understands influences on the economic framework of early Egypt
     6.Understands influences on the economic framework of the Indus Valley
     7.Understands the characteristics of government and military in Egypt and Mesopotamia and the ways in which central authorities commanded labor and taxes from peasant farmers
     8.Understands how architectural, artistic, technological, and scientific achievements of early civilizations affected the economics of daily life
   Benchmark 2.Understands how written codes and stories reflect social conditions in Mesopotamia, Egypt, and the Indus Valley (e.g., how the code of Hammurabi illustrated the ethical values, social hierarchy and attitudes, and roles of women in Mesopotamia; how the biblical account of Genesis and the Enuma Elish from Babylon reflect contrasting beliefs)
    Knowledge/skill statements
     1.Understands how written codes and stories reflect social conditions in Mesopotamia
     2.Understands how written codes and stories reflect social conditions in early Egypt
     3.Understands how written codes and stories reflect social conditions in Indus Valley
     4.Understands how the code of Hammurabi illustrated the ethical values, social hierarchy and attitudes, and roles of women in Mesopotamia
     5.Understands how the biblical account of Genesis and the Enuma Elish from Babylon reflect contrasting beliefs
   Benchmark 3.Understands features of trading networks in Mesopotamia, Egypt, and the Indus Valley (e.g., those geographical characteristics that encouraged Mesopotamia to engage in trade and those which made trade difficult, shifting political relationships between trading partners in the 1st and 2nd millennia BCE and sources of conflict between them, the breadth of the Indus trade network)
    Knowledge/skill statements
     1.Understands features of trading networks in Mesopotamia
     2.Understands features of trading networks in early Egypt
     3.Understands features of trading networks in the Indus Valley
     4.Knows those geographical characteristics that encouraged Mesopotamia to engage in trade and those which made trade difficult
     5.Understands shifting political relationships between trading partners in the 1st and 2nd millennia BCE and sources of conflict between them
     6.Understands the breadth of the Indus trade network