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Topic: Democracy in ancient Greece 

World History

 Standard 8.  Understands how Aegean civilization emerged and how interrelations developed among peoples of the Eastern Mediterranean and Southwest Asia from 600 to 200 BCE
  Level II (Grade 5-6)
   Benchmark 1.Understands the social and political characteristics of Greek city-states (e.g., significant similarities and differences between Athenian democracy and Spartan military aristocracy; hierarchical relationships in Greek societies and the civic, economic, and social tasks performed by men and women of different classes; the location and political structure of the major Greek city-states)
    Knowledge/skill statements
     1.Understands the social characteristics of Greek city states
     2.Understands the political characteristics of Greek city states
     3.Understands significant similarities and differences between Athenian democracy and Spartan military aristocracy
     4.Understands hierarchical relationships in Greek societies and the civic, economic, and social tasks performed by men and women of different classes
     5.Understands the location of the major Greek city states
     6.Understands the political structure of the major Greek city states
  Level III (Grade 7-8)
   Benchmark 1.Understands the political framework of Athenian society (e.g., the influence of Athenian political ideals on public life; major changes made to the Athenian political organization between the initial monarchy and the governments of Solon and Cleisthenes; the role of women in Athenian society, their rights under the law, and possible reasons why Athenian democracy was limited solely to males)
    Knowledge/skill statements
     1.Understands the influence of Athenian political ideals on public life
     2.Knows major changes made to the Athenian political organization between the initial monarchy and the governments of Solon and Cleisthenes
     3.Knows the role of women in Athenian society
     4.Knows the rights of women under the law in Athenian society
     5.Understands possible reasons why Athenian democracy was limited solely to males
   Benchmark 6.Understands the evolution, inherent advantages, and disadvantages of major governmental systems in Greek city-states in the 6th and 5th centuries BCE
    Knowledge/skill statements
     1.Understands the evolution of major governmental systems in Greek city states in the 6th and 5th centuries BCE
     2.Understands the inherent advantages of major governmental systems in Greek city states in the 6th and 5th centuries BCE
     3.Understands the disadvantages of major governmental systems in Greek city states in the 6th and 5th centuries BCE
  Level IV (Grade 9-12)
   Benchmark 1.Understands the legacy of Greek thought and government (e.g., the importance of participatory government in Greek city-states for the development of Western political thought and institutions; essential ideas in Plato's Republic and the influence of this work on modern political thought; Athenian ideas and practices related to political freedom, national security, and justice; how the maturing democratic institutions in Greece resulted in greater restrictions on the rights and freedoms of women)
    Knowledge/skill statements
     1.Understands the importance of participatory government in Greek city states for the development of Western political thought and institutions
     2.Knows essential ideas in Plato’s Republic
     3.Understands the influence of Plato’s Republic on modern political thought
     4.Knows Athenian ideas and practices related to political freedom
     5.Knows Athenian ideas and practices related to national security
     6.Knows Athenian ideas and practices related to justice
     7.Understands how the maturing democratic institutions in Greece resulted in greater restrictions on the rights and freedoms of women