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Topic: Civilization in ancient China 

World History

 Standard 4.  Understands how agrarian societies spread and new states emerged in the third and second millennia BCE
  Level II (Grade 5-6)
   Benchmark 1.Understands how the development of different types of tools influenced Chinese civilization (e.g., the uses and significance of bronze tool-making technology, weapons, and luxury goods in the 3rd and 2nd millennia BCE; the unique nature of Chinese writing tools, surfaces, and styles in the 2nd millennia BCE)
    Knowledge/skill statements
     1.Knows a variety of technologies, tools, and goods developed in China in the 3rd and 2nd millennia BCE
     2.Understands the uses of bronze tool making technology, weapons, and luxury goods in the 3rd and 2nd millennia BCE
     3.Understands the significance of bronze tool making technology, weapons, and luxury goods in the 3rd and 2nd millennia BCE
     4.Understands the unique nature of Chinese writing tools, surfaces, and styles in the 2nd millennium BCE
   Benchmark 2.Understands significant characteristics of early Chinese society and religion (e.g., the influence of the natural environment on Huang He [Yellow River] civilization compared to its impact on Mesopotamia, Egypt, and the Indus Valley; early Chinese urban societies and how they compare to those of Mesopotamia and the Indus Valley, the nature of Shang ancestor worship and what it illustrates about concepts of life and death in Shang society)
    Knowledge/skill statements
     1.Understands the influence of the natural environment on Huang He (Yellow River) civilization compared to its impact on Mesopotamia, Egypt, and the Indus Valley
     2.Understands early Chinese urban societies and how they compare to those of Mesopotamia and the Indus Valley
     3.Understands the nature of Shang ancestor worship and what it illustrates about concepts of life and death in Shang society
  Level III (Grade 7-8)
   Benchmark 2.Understands how the natural environment shaped Huang He civilization (e.g., how changes in the course of the Huang He river challenged citizens and government)
    Knowledge/skill statements
     1.Knows how changes in the course of the Huang He river challenged citizens and government
   Benchmark 3.Understands what archaeological evidence (e.g., oracle bone inscriptions, bronze vessels) reveals about Chinese history during the Shang Dynasty
    Knowledge/skill statements
     1.Knows types of archaeological evidence found in China related to the Shang Dynasty, such as oracle bone inscriptions or bronze vessels
  Level IV (Grade 9-12)
   Benchmark 1.Understands the social, cultural, and political characteristics of the Shang Dynasty (e.g., the development of royal government under the Shang Dynasty and the development of social hierarchy, religious institutions, and writing; the role that Chinese peasants played in sustaining the wealth and power of the Shang political centers)
    Knowledge/skill statements
     1.Understands the social characteristics of the Shang Dynasty
     2.Understands the cultural characteristics of the Shang Dynasty
     3.Understands the political characteristics of the Shang Dynasty
     4.Understands the development of royal government under the Shang Dynasty
     5.Understands the development of social hierarchy under the Shang Dynasty
     6.Understands the development of religious institutions under the Shang Dynasty
     7.Understands the development of writing under the Shang Dynasty
     8.Understands the role that Chinese peasants played in sustaining the wealth and power of the Shang political centers
   Benchmark 4.Understands how environmental conditions such as the prevailing wind, current, and flooding patterns, influenced civilizations in the Tigris, Nile, and Huang He valleys
    Knowledge/skill statements
     1.Understands how environmental conditions such as the prevailing wind, current, and flooding patterns, influenced civilizations in the Tigris valley
     2.Understands how environmental conditions such as the prevailing wind, current, and flooding patterns, influenced civilizations in the Nile valley
     3.Understands how environmental conditions such as the prevailing wind, current, and flooding patterns, influenced civilizations in the Huang He valley
   Benchmark 5.Understands evidence of social and cultural development of Chinese civilization in the 3rd and 2nd millennia BCE (e.g., evidence that the Chinese had developed urbanization, sophisticated social cooperation, and written language before 1700 BCE; the physical evidence that highlights possible cultural contact between China and other centers of civilization in antiquity)
    Knowledge/skill statements
     1.Knows evidence that the Chinese had developed urbanization before 1700 BCE
     2.Knows evidence that the Chinese had developed sophisticated social cooperation before 1700 BCE
     3.Knows evidence that the Chinese had developed written language before 1700 BCE
     4.Knows the physical evidence that highlights possible cultural contact between China and other centers of civilization in antiquity