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Topic: Cities and their related regions 

Geography

 Standard 11.  Understands the patterns and networks of economic interdependence on Earth's surface
  Level III (Grade 6-8)
   Benchmark 2.Understands issues related to the spatial distribution of economic activities (e.g., the impact of economic activities in a community on the surrounding areas, the effects of the gradual disappearance of small-scale retail facilities such as corner general stores and gas stations, the economic and social impacts on a community when a large factory or other economic activity leaves and moves to another place)
    Knowledge/skill statements
     1.Understands the impact of economic activities on the surrounding areas of a community
     2.Understands the effects of the gradual disappearance of small-scale retail facilities
     3.Understands the effects of the gradual disappearance of corner general stores
     4.Understands the effects of the gradual disappearance of corner gas stations
     5.Understands the economic impact on a community when an economic activity leaves and moves to another place
     6.Understands the social impact on a community when an economic activity leaves and moves to another place
     7.Understands the economic impact on a community when a large factory leaves and moves to another place
     8.Understands the social impact on a community when a large factory leaves and moves to another place
 Standard 13.  Understands the forces of cooperation and conflict that shape the divisions of Earth's surface
  Level III (Grade 6-8)
   Benchmark 6.Understands the symbolic importance of capital cities (e.g., Canberra, a planned city, as the capital of Australia; The Hague as both a national capital of the Netherlands and a center for such global agencies as the World Court)
    Knowledge/skill statements
     1.Knows that Canberra, the capital of Australia, is a planned city
     2.Understands the symbolic importance of Canberra, the capital of Australia
     3.Knows the Hauge as a national capital of the Netherlands

World History

 Standard 17.  Understands the rise of centers of civilization in Mesoamerica and Andean South America in the 1st millennium CE
  Level IV (Grade 9-12)
   Benchmark 4.Understands urban planning in Mayan culture (e.g., patterns and significance of architectural planning and city planning in Mayan culture and the religious factors that affected these layouts)
    Knowledge/skill statements
     1.Understands patterns and significance of architectural planning and city planning in Mayan culture
     2.Understands the religious factors that affected the layouts of Mayan cities
 Standard 19.  Understands the maturation of an interregional system of communication, trade, and cultural exchange during a period of Chinese economic power and Islamic expansion
  Level III (Grade 7-8)
   Benchmark 2.Understands the social and economic elements of Song China (e.g., how improved agricultural production and increased trade helped the growth of cities and the merchant class in Song China; the traditional social attitudes of China toward merchants and commercial activity; significant achievements and developments of the Song Dynasty, the rigors and class restrictions of the civil service examination in Song China)
    Knowledge/skill statements
     3.Understands how improved agricultural production and increased trade helped the growth of cities and the merchant class in Song China
 Standard 24.  Understands the expansion of states and civilizations in the Americas between 1000 and 1500
  Level III (Grade 7-8)
   Benchmark 1.Understands social and cultural features of Aztec society (e.g., the characteristics of Tenochtitl┬án that made it a unique city, gender roles in Aztec society and what these indicate about Aztec culture)
    Knowledge/skill statements
     3.Knows the characteristics of Tenochtitl├ín that made it a unique city
 Standard 35.  Understands patterns of nationalism, state-building, and social reform in Europe and the Americas from 1830 to 1914
  Level II (Grade 5-6)
   Benchmark 2.Understand causes of large-scale population movements from rural areas to cities in continental Europe and how these movements affected the domestic and working lives of men and women
    Knowledge/skill statements
     1.Understands causes of large scale population movements from rural areas to cities in continental Europe
     2.Understands how large-scale population movements from rural areas to cities in continental Europe affected the domestic and working lives of men and women
 Standard 36.  Understands patterns of global change in the era of Western military and economic dominance from 1800 to 1914
  Level IV (Grade 9-12)
   Benchmark 1.Knows the factors that transformed the character of cities in various parts of the world
    Knowledge/skill statements
     1.Understands ways in which science and technology changed cities between 1800-1914
 Standard 44.  Understands the search for community, stability, and peace in an interdependent world
  Level III (Grade 7-8)
   Benchmark 1.Understands the causes and effects of population growth and urbanization (e.g., why population growth rate is accelerating around the world, and connections between population growth and economic and social development in many countries; the global proliferation of cities and the rise of the megalopolis, as well as the impact of urbanization on family life, standards of living, class relations, and ethnic identity; why scientific, technological, and medical advances have improved living standards but have failed to eradicate hunger, poverty, and epidemic disease)
    Knowledge/skill statements
     5.Understands the global proliferation of cities and the rise of the megalopolis
 Standard 46.  Understands long-term changes and recurring patterns in world history
  Level II (Grade 5-6)
   Benchmark 1.Understands why humans have built cities and how the character, function, and number of cities have changed over time
    Knowledge/skill statements
     1.Understands why humans have built cities
     2.Understands how the character of cities has changed over time
     3.Understands how the function of cities has changed over time
     4.Understands how the number of cities have changed over time