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Topic: Causes of World War II 

United States History

 Standard 25.  Understands the causes and course of World War II, the character of the war at home and abroad, and its reshaping of the U.S. role in world affairs
  Level II (Grade 5-6)
   Benchmark 1.Understands events leading to U.S. involvement in World War II (e.g., reasons for American isolationist sentiment and its effects on international relations and diplomacy; American responses to German, Italian, and Japanese aggression in Europe, Africa, and Asia from 1935 to 1941, global involvement of nations and people before World War II; the location of Pearl Harbor and events that brought the U.S. into the war)
    Knowledge/skill statements
     1.Understands reasons for American isolationist sentiment prior to World War II
     2.Understands the effects of American isolationist sentiment on international relations prior to World War II
     3.Understands the effects of American isolationist sentiment on international diplomacy prior to World War II
     4.Understands American responses to German aggression in Europe from 1935 to 1941
     5.Understands American responses to Italian aggression in Africa from 1935 to 1941
     6.Understands American responses to Japanese aggression in Asia from 1935 to 1941
     7.Understands the global involvement of nations before World War II
     8.Understands the global involvement of people before World War II
     9.Knows the location of Pearl Harbor
     10.Understands the events that brought the U.S. into the war
  Level IV (Grade 9-12)
   Benchmark 2.Understands events that led to the Japanese attack on Pearl Harbor (e.g., why Japan set up the East Asian Co-Prosperity Sphere, U.S. reasons for cutting off oil to Japan, U.S. response to the November 10 proposal from Japan)
    Knowledge/skill statements
     1.Understands why Japan set up the East Asian Co-Prosperity Sphere
     2.Understands U.S. reasons for cutting off oil to Japan

World History

 Standard 41.  Understands the causes and global consequences of World War II
  Level II (Grade 5-6)
   Benchmark 1.Understands the rise of fascism and Nazism in Europe and Japan (e.g., the ideologies of fascism and Nazism, and how fascist regimes seized power and gained mass support in Germany, Italy, Spain, and Japan; German, Italian, and Japanese military conquests and drives for empires in the 1930's; how Hitler, Franco, and Mussolini rose to power; the causes of the Spanish Civil War and how this war coincided with the rise of fascism in Europe; what Nazi oppression in Germany was like)
    Knowledge/skill statements
     1.Understands the rise of fascism in Europe
     2.Understands the rise of Nazism in Europe
     3.Understands the rise of fascism in Japan
     4.Knows the ideology of fascism
     5.Knows the ideology of Nazism
     6.Understands how fascist regimes seized power and gained mass support in Germany
     7.Understands how fascist regimes seized power and gained mass support in Italy
     8.Understands how fascist regimes seized power and gained mass support in Spain
     9.Understands how fascist regimes seized power and gained mass support in Japan
     10.Understands German military conquests and drives for empires in the 1930’s
     11.Understands Italian military conquests and drives for empires in the 1930’s
     12.Understands Japanese military conquests and drives for empires in the 1930’s
     13.Understands how Hitler rose to power
     14.Understands how Franco rose to power
     15.Understands how Mussolini rose to power
     16.Knows the causes of the Spanish Civil War and how this war coincided with the rise of fascism in Europe
     17.Knows what Nazi oppression in Germany was like
  Level III (Grade 7-8)
   Benchmark 1.Understands events that led to the outbreak of World War II (e.g., the importance of the legacy of World War I, the depression, ethnic and ideological conflicts, imperialism, and traditional political or economic rivalries as underlying causes of World War II; the precipitating causes of the war and the reasons for early German and Japanese victories between 1939 and 1942; how Hitler capitalized on the despair of the German people to rise to power)
    Knowledge/skill statements
     1.Understands the importance of the legacy of World War I as an underlying cause of World War II
     2.Understands the importance of the depression as an underlying cause of World War II
     3.Understands the importance of ethnic and ideological conflicts as an underlying cause of World War II
     4.Understands the importance of imperialism as an underlying cause of World War II
     5.Understands the importance of traditional political or economic rivalries as an underlying cause of World War II
     6.Knows the precipitating causes of World War II
     7.Knows the reasons for early German and Japanese victories between 1939 and 1942
     8.Understands how Hitler capitalized on the despair of the German people to rise to power
   Benchmark 2.Understands the positions of the major powers Britain, France, the U.S., and the Soviet Union on fascist aggression, and the consequences of their failure to take forceful measures to stop this aggression
    Knowledge/skill statements
     1.Understands the position of the major power Britain on fascist aggression
     2.Understands the position of the major power France on fascist aggression
     3.Understands the position of the major power United States on fascist aggression
     4.Understands the position of the major power Soviet Union on fascist aggression
     5.Understands the consequences of the failure of major powers to take forceful measures to stop fascist aggression
  Level IV (Grade 9-12)
   Benchmark 1.Understands motives and consequences of the Soviet nonaggression pacts with Germany and Japan (e.g., the Munich Agreement in 1938, what it meant for Stalin, and how it lead to the Nazi-Soviet Non-Aggression Pact of 1939)
    Knowledge/skill statements
     1.Understands motives of the Soviet nonaggression pact with Germany
     2.Understands motives of the Soviet nonaggression pact with Japan
     3.Understands consequences of the Soviet nonaggression pacts with Germany
     4.Understands consequences of the Soviet nonaggression pacts with Japan
     5.Understands aspects of the Munich Agreement in 1938
     6.Understands what the Munich Agreement in 1938 meant for Stalin
     7.Understands how the Munich Agreement in 1938 lead to the Nazi Soviet Non Aggression Pact of 1939
   Benchmark 4.Understands the rise of Nazism and how it was received by society (e.g., the essence and elements of Nazi ideology as represented in Mein Kampf and the Nazi party platform, and their use of terror against "enemies of the state"; the propaganda techniques employed by the Nazis to promote their ideas; political debate and opposition to the Nazi and Fascist movements in Germany and Italy in the 1920s and 1930s)
    Knowledge/skill statements
     1.Understands the rise of Nazism
     2.Understands how Nazism was received by society
     3.Understands the essence and elements of Nazi ideology as represented in Mein Kampf and the Nazi party platform
     4.Understands the Nazi use of terror against "enemies of the state"
     5.Knows the propaganda techniques employed by the Nazis to promote their ideas
     6.Understands political debate and opposition to the Nazi and Fascist movements in Germany in the 1920s and 1930s
     7.Understands political debate and opposition to the Nazi and Fascist movements in Italy in the 1920s and 1930s
   Benchmark 5.Understands the exceptional violence of the Spanish Civil War (e.g., as described in works by George Orwell and Ernest Hemingway) and understands how foreign intervention affected the outcome of this war
    Knowledge/skill statements
     1.Understands the exceptional violence of the Spanish Civil War as described in works by George Orwell
     2.Understands the exceptional violence of the Spanish Civil War as described in works by Ernest Hemingway
     3.Understands how foreign intervention affected the outcome of the Spanish Civil War
   Benchmark 6.Understands the argument that the severity of the Treaty of Versailles caused unavoidable revolt against the nations that imposed it
    Knowledge/skill statements
     2.Knows why some could argue that revolt against those who imposed the treaty was inevitable
   Benchmark 7.Understands Japan's "greater East Asia co-prosperity" sphere and the support of this idea in European colonies in East Asia
    Knowledge/skill statements
     1.Understands Japan’s "greater East Asia co prosperity" sphere
     2.Understands the support in European colonies in East Asia for Japan’s idea of the "greater East Asia co prosperity" sphere