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Topic: Byzantine state and expanding Islam, 8th-10th century 

World History

 Standard 13.  Understands the causes and consequences of the development of Islamic civilization between the 7th and 10th centuries
  Level II (Grade 5-6)
   Benchmark 3.Understands how the Byzantine state withstood attacks between the 8th and 10th centuries (e.g., military technology and the successful defense of Byzantium against Arab Muslim attacks)
    Knowledge/skill statements
     1.Knows military technology of the Byzantine state
     2.Understands the role of military technology in the successful defense of Byzantium against Arab Muslim attacks
  Level III (Grade 7-8)
   Benchmark 4.Understands how the Byzantine Empire defended itself against various invaders (e.g., variations in maritime technology and ship design in the 9th century and the role of the navy in Byzantine defense against Arab Muslim attacks; weapons, fortification, and military preparedness of the Byzantine Empire and explanations for its successful defense against Bulgar and Arab invaders)
    Knowledge/skill statements
     1.Knows variations in maritime technology and ship design in the 9th century and the role of the navy in Byzantine defense against Arab Muslim attacks
     2.Knows the weapons, fortification, and military preparedness of the Byzantine Empire
     3.Knows explanations for the Byzantine Empire’s successful defense against Bulgar and Arab invaders
   Benchmark 5.Understands the Byzantine role in preserving and transmitting ancient Greek learning
    Knowledge/skill statements
     1.Understands the Byzantine role in preserving ancient Greek learning
     2.Understands the Byzantine role in transmitting ancient Greek learning
  Level IV (Grade 9-12)
   Benchmark 3.Understands the strengths and weaknesses of the Abbasid, Byzantine, and Sassanid Persian governments and military institutions
    Knowledge/skill statements
     1.Understands the strengths of the Abbasid government institutions
     2.Understands the weaknesses of the Abbasid military institutions
     3.Understands the strengths of the Abbasid military institutions
     4.Understands the weaknesses of the Abbasid military institutions
     5.Understands the strengths of the Byzantine government institutions
     6.Understands the weaknesses of the Byzantine government institutions
     7.Understands the strengths of the Byzantine military institutions
     8.Understands the weaknesses of the Byzantine military institutions
     9.Understands the strengths of the Sassanid Persian government institutions
     10.Understands the weaknesses of the Sassanid Persian government institutions
     11.Understands the strengths of the Sassanid Persian military institutions
     12.Understands the weaknesses of the Sassanid Persian military institutions
   Benchmark 5.Understands political and economic systems of the Byzantine state (e.g., Byzantium's imperial political system compared to that of the Abbasid state; understands patterns of economic, political, and military power in the manufacturing and trading centers of Constantinople and Baghdad )
    Knowledge/skill statements
     1.Understands political systems of the Byzantine state
     2.Understands economic systems of the Byzantine state
     3.Understands Byzantium‚Äôs imperial political system compared to that of the Abbasid state
     4.Understands patterns of economic power in the manufacturing and trading centers of Constantinople and Baghdad
     5.Understands patterns of military power in the manufacturing and trading centers of Constantinople and Baghdad
     6.Understands patterns of political power in the manufacturing and trading centers of Constantinople and Baghdad
   Benchmark 6.Understands how the spread of Greek Orthodox Christianity affected different regions (e.g., the patterns of the spread of Greek Orthodox Christianity into the Balkans, Ukraine, and Russia between the 9th and 11th centuries; explanations for the preference of Greek over Latin Christianity in the Slavic world; the story of Vladimir of Kiev in the Russian Chronicle, and the nature of the church/state relationship in Kievan Russia)
    Knowledge/skill statements
     1.Knows the patterns of the spread of Greek Orthodox Christianity into the Balkans between the 9th and 11th centuries
     2.Knows the patterns of the spread of Greek Orthodox Christianity into the Ukraine between the 9th and 11th centuries
     3.Knows the patterns of the spread of Greek Orthodox Christianity into Russia between the 9th and 11th centuries
     4.Knows explanations for the preference of Greek over Latin Christianity in the Slavic world
     5.Knows the story of Vladimir of Kiev in the Russian Chronicle
     6.Understands the nature of the church/state relationship in Kievan Russia
   Benchmark 8.Understands possible motivations behind the Byzantine preservation of ancient Greek and Hellenistic scholastic works