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Topic: Body changes 

Health

 Standard 10.  Understands the fundamental concepts of growth and development
  Level Pre-K (Grade Pre-K)
   Benchmark 2.Understands own stages of growth (e.g., changes in height and weight)
    Knowledge/skill statements
     1.Understands that his or her height changes over time
     2.Understands that his or her weight changes over time
     3.Understands basic concepts of growth in people
  Level II (Grade 3-5)
   Benchmark 1.Knows the changes that occur during puberty (e.g., physical changes such as sexual maturation, changes in voice, acne; emotional and social changes such as a growing sensitivity to peer influence, family tensions, mood swings; cognitive and intellectual development)
    Knowledge/skill statements
     1.Knows physical changes that occur during puberty
     2.Understands sexual maturation as it relates to puberty
     3.Understands voice changes as they relate to puberty
     4.Understands acne as it relates to puberty
     5.Knows emotional changes that occur during puberty
     6.Knows emotional changes that occur during puberty
     7.Knows social changes that occur during puberty
     8.Understands the growing sensitivity to peer influence as it relates to puberty
     9.Understands family tensions as they relate to puberty
     10.Understands mood swings as they relate to puberty
     11.Understands cognitive development as it relates to puberty
     12.Understands intellectual development as it relates to puberty
   Benchmark 2.Knows that the rate of change during puberty varies with each individual and that people vary widely in size, height, shape, and rate of maturation
    Knowledge/skill statements
     1.Knows that the rate of change during puberty varies with each individual
     2.Knows that people vary widely in size
     3.Knows that people vary widely in height
     4.Knows that people vary widely in shape
     5.Knows that people vary widely in their rate of maturation
  Level III (Grade 6-8)
   Benchmark 1.Understands how the human body changes as people age (e.g., muscles and joints become less flexible, bones and muscles lose mass, energy levels diminish, senses become less acute)
    Knowledge/skill statements
     1.Understands that muscles become less flexible as people age
     2.Understands that joints become less flexible as people age
     3.Understands that bones lose mass as people age
     4.Understands that muscles lose mass as people age
     5.Understands the energy levels diminish as people age
     6.Understands that the senses become less acute as people age
   Benchmark 4.Knows strategies for coping with concerns and stress related to the changes that occur during adolescence
    Knowledge/skill statements
     1.Knows strategies for coping with concerns related to the changes that occur during adolescence
     2.Knows strategies for coping with stress related to the changes that occur during adolescence
  Level IV (Grade 9-12)
   Benchmark 1.Understands a variety of physical, mental, emotional, and social changes that occur throughout life, and how these changes differ among individuals (e.g., young adulthood, pregnancy, middle age, old age)
    Knowledge/skill statements
     1.Understands a variety of physical changes that occur throughout life
     2.Understands a variety of mental changes that occur throughout life
     3.Understands a variety of emotional changes that occur throughout life
     4.Understands a variety of social changes that occur throughout life
     5.Understands how physical changes throughout life differ among individuals
     6.Understands how mental changes throughout life differ among individuals
     7.Understands how emotional changes throughout life differ among individuals
     8.Understands how social changes throughout life differ among individuals
     9.Understands physical changes that occur as a young adult
     10.Understands mental changes that occur as a young adult
     11.Understands emotional changes that occur as a young adult
     12.Understands social changes that occur as a young adult
     13.Understands physical changes that occur during pregnancy
     14.Understands mental changes that occur during pregnancy
     15.Understands emotional changes that occur during pregnancy
     16.Understands social changes that occur during pregnancy
     17.Understands physical changes that occur during middle age
     18.Understands mental changes that occur during middle age
     19.Understands emotional changes that occur during middle age
     20.Understands social changes that occur during middle age
     21.Understands physical changes that occur in old age
     22.Understands mental changes that occur in old age
     23.Understands emotional changes that occur in old age

Science

 Standard 7.  Understands biological evolution and the diversity of life
  Level IV (Grade 9-12)
   Benchmark 5.Knows the history of the origin and evolution of life on Earth (e.g., life on Earth is thought to have begun 3.5-4 billion years ago as simple, unicellular organisms; cells with nuclei evolved about a billion years ago, after which increasingly complex multicellular organisms evolved)
    Knowledge/skill statements
     1.Knows the history of the origin of life on Earth
     3.Knows that life is thought to have begun 3.5-4 billion years ago
     5.Knows that cells with nuclei evolved about a billion years ago