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Topic: Agricultural societies 

World History

 Standard 2.  Understands the processes that contributed to the emergence of agricultural societies around the world
  Level III (Grade 7-8)
   Benchmark 3.Understands what archaeological evidence reveals about the social and cultural conditions of agricultural societies (e.g., the emergence of social class divisions, occupational specialization, differences in gender roles; long distance trade routes in Southwest Asia; the importance of obsidian to this trade)
    Knowledge/skill statements
     1.Understands what archaeological evidence reveals about the social conditions of agricultural societies
     2.Understands what archaeological evidence reveals about the cultural conditions of agricultural societies
     3.Understands the emergence of social class divisions in early agricultural societies
     4.Understands the emergence of occupational specialization in early agricultural societies
     5.Understands the differences in gender roles in early agricultural societies
     6.Knows long distance trade routes in Southwest Asia
     7.Understands the importance of obsidian to long distance trade in Southwest Asia
   Benchmark 5.Understands the bases for the argument that agricultural life was an advance in human social development
    Knowledge/skill statements
     1.Knows the effects of agricultural life on human social development
     2.Knows that the agricultural lifestyle is considered an advance in human social development
 Standard 16.  Understands the development of agricultural societies and new states in tropical Africa and Oceania
  Level III (Grade 7-8)
   Benchmark 2.Understands the establishment of agricultural societies on the Pacific Islands and New Zealand (e.g., the plants and animals that early migrants carried with them; how these "introductions" affected the existing island flora and fauna; possible links between the cultures of Southeast Asia, the Pacific Islands, and New Zealand)
    Knowledge/skill statements
     1.Understands the establishment of agricultural societies on the Pacific Islands
     2.Understands the establishment of agricultural societies on New Zealand
     3.Knows types of plants and animals that early migrants to the Pacific Islands carried with them
     4.Knows types of plants and animals that early migrants to New Zealand carried with them
     5.Understands how "introductions" of new plants and animals to the Pacific Islands affected the existing island flora and fauna
     6.Understands how "introductions" of new plants and animals to New Zealand affected the existing island flora and fauna
     7.Knows possible links between the cultures of Southeast Asia, the Pacific Islands, and New Zealand