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Topic: Agrarian societies of the 3rd and 2nd millennia BCE 

World History

 Standard 4.  Understands how agrarian societies spread and new states emerged in the third and second millennia BCE
  Level II (Grade 5-6)
   Benchmark 3.Understands the role of technology in early agrarian societies (e.g., how the advent of the plow influenced new agrarian societies in Southwest Asia, the Mediterranean basin, and temperate Europe; how megalithic stone buildings, such as Stonehenge, indicate the emergence of complex agrarian societies in Europe; changes for humankind and civilization brought on by the bow and arrow and by pottery; what physical evidence indicated about the characteristics of the agrarian society of ancient Egypt and the life of the Pharaoh)
    Knowledge/skill statements
     1.Understands how the advent of the plow influenced new agrarian societies in Southwest Asia, the Mediterranean basin, and temperate Europe
     2.Understands how megalithic stone buildings, such as Stonehenge, indicate the emergence of complex agrarian societies in Europe
     3.Knows changes for humankind and civilization brought on by the bow and arrow and by pottery
     4.Knows what physical evidence indicates about the characteristics of the agrarian society of ancient Egypt and the life of the Pharaoh
  Level III (Grade 7-8)
   Benchmark 1.Understands the rise of urban and complex agrarian societies in the 3rd and 2nd millennia BCE (e.g., how the Minoan civilization emerged on Crete and its significant cultural achievements; the origins and possible purpose of Stonehenge and the effort made to create it)
    Knowledge/skill statements
     1.Understands the rise of urban societies in the 3rd and 2nd millennium BCE
     2.Understands the rise of complex agrarian societies in the 3rd and 2nd millennium BCE
     3.Understands how the Minoan civilization emerged on Crete and its significant cultural achievements
     4.Understands the origins and possible purpose of Stonehenge and the effort made to create it
   Benchmark 4.Understands the significance of advancements in tool and weapon technology (e.g., the technology of bronze casting and why bronze weapons were superior to those made of stone; how the development of the plow, bow and arrow, and pottery affected early man and led to changes in gender roles)
    Knowledge/skill statements
     1.Understands the technology of bronze casting and why bronze weapons were superior to those made of stone
     2.Understands how the development of the plow, bow and arrow, and pottery affected early man
     3.Understands how the development of the plow, bow and arrow, and pottery led to changes in gender roles
  Level IV (Grade 9-12)
   Benchmark 2.Understands interaction between urban centers of Southwest Asia, Egypt, and the Aegean Basin, and the Eastern Mediterranean coast (e.g., the important urban centers of Southwest Asia, Egypt, and the Aegean Basin; the role of cities along the Mediterranean coast as commercial bridges between the trading networks of Southwest Asia, Egypt, and the Mediterranean)
    Knowledge/skill statements
     1.Knows the important urban centers of Southwest Asia
     2.Knows the important urban centers of early Egypt
     3.Knows the important urban centers of the Aegean Basin
     4.Understands the role of cities along the Mediterranean coast as commercial bridges between the trading networks of Southwest Asia, Egypt, and the Mediterranean
   Benchmark 3.Understands how different agrarian societies developed (e.g., what archaeological evidence suggests about the growth of agricultural societies in West Africa and Southeast Asia, the origins of domesticated rice in Southeast Asia and the routes of its spread throughout the rest of Asia)
    Knowledge/skill statements
     1.Understands what archaeological evidence suggests about the growth of agricultural societies in West Africa and Southeast Asia
     2.Knows the role of domesticated rice in the development of agrarian societies, including its origins in Southeast Asia and the routes of its spread throughout the rest of Asia
   Benchmark 6.Understands the impact of various technologies (e.g., the wheel, pottery, the sail, weaving, bronze casting, the plow) upon social organization and the political and economic power of the groups that used them
    Knowledge/skill statements
     1.Understands the impact of various technologies (e.g., the wheel, pottery, the sail, weaving, bronze casting, the plow) upon social organization
     2.Understands the impact of various technologies (e.g., the wheel, pottery, the sail, weaving, bronze casting, the plow) upon the political power of the groups that used them
     3.Understands the impact of various technologies (e.g., the wheel, pottery, the sail, weaving, bronze casting, the plow) upon the economic power of the groups that used them
   Benchmark 7.Understands influences on the cultural and economic conditions of Minoan and Egyptian civilizations (e.g., the nature and extent of cultural contact between Minoan and Egyptian civilizations, the extent of Minoan trade and its impact on the development of Minoan civilization)
    Knowledge/skill statements
     1.Understands influences on the cultural conditions of Minoan civilization
     2.Understands influences on the cultural conditions of Egyptian civilization
     3.Understands influences on the economic conditions of Minoan civilization
     4.Understands influences on the economic conditions of Egyptian civilization
     5.Understands the nature and extent of cultural contact between Minoan and Egyptian civilizations
     6.Understands the extent of Minoan trade and its impact on the development of Minoan civilization