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Topic: African responses to European imperialism 

World History

 Standard 36.  Understands patterns of global change in the era of Western military and economic dominance from 1800 to 1914
  Level II (Grade 5-6)
   Benchmark 5.Understands events that shaped African relations with other countries (e.g., the rise of the Zulu empire and its effects on African societies and European colonial settlements; how the discovery of gold and diamonds in South Africa affected British investors and race relations among Africans, Afrikaners, and British colonial authorities; the relationship between European and African merchants and the types of products traded between the two in the period after slavery ended)
    Knowledge/skill statements
     1.Understands the rise of the Zulu empire
     2.Understands the effects of the Zulu Empire on African societies and European colonial settlements
     3.Understands how the discovery of gold and diamonds in South Africa affected British investors
     4.Understands how the discovery of gold and diamonds in South Africa affected race relations among Africans, Afrikaners, and British colonial authorities
     5.Understands the relationship between European and African merchants
     6.Knows the types of products traded between European and African merchants in the period after slavery ended
   Benchmark 6.Understands major changes in the political geography of Africa between 1880 and 1914
    Knowledge/skill statements
     1.Knows what interests the Europeans had for taking control of the African continent
     2.Knows how Germany, France, and England changed the political geography of Africa
  Level III (Grade 7-8)
   Benchmark 7.Understands the role of trade in shaping political and social conditions in various regions (e.g., how West African economies changed after the end of the trans-Atlantic slave trade; how trade helped make empire-builders such as Zanzibar and Tippu Tip; the effect trade had on resistance to European imperialism; the location of the Suez Canal, how and why it was created, and what it did for world trade and political alliances)
    Knowledge/skill statements
     1.Understands the role of trade in shaping political conditions in various regions
     2.Understands the role of trade in shaping social conditions in various regions
     3.Understands how West African economies changed after the end of the trans Atlantic slave trade
     4.Understands how trade helped make empire builders such as Zanzibar and Tippu Tip
     5.Understands the effect trade had on resistance to European imperialism
     6.Knows the location of the Suez Canal, how and why it was created, and what it did for world trade and political alliances
   Benchmark 10.Understands the accomplishments and goals of specific African resistance movements (e.g., Abd al-Qadir in Algeria, Samori Ture in West Africa, the Mahdist state in the Sudan, Memelik II in Ethiopia, the Zulus in South Africa)
    Knowledge/skill statements
     1.Understands the accomplishments of specific African resistance movements
     2.Understands the goals of specific African resistance movements
     3.Understands the goals and accomplishments of Abd al Qadir in Algeria
     4.Understands the goals and accomplishments of Samori Ture in West Africa
     5.Understands the goals and accomplishments of the Mahdist state in the Sudan
     6.Understands the goals and accomplishments of Memelik II in Ethiopia
     7.Understands the goals and accomplishments of the Zulus in South Africa
  Level IV (Grade 9-12)
   Benchmark 6.Understands economic, social, and religious influences on African society (e.g., the impact of religious and political revolutions in Sudan on state-building, Islamization, and European imperial conquest; how and why slavery and the slave trade flourished in both West and East Africa even after the end of the trans-Atlantic slave trade; the relative strengths of Islam and Christianity in Africa at the beginning of the 20th century, types of rivalries among Christian denominations, and the links between both of these and the interests of the government)
    Knowledge/skill statements
     1.Understands economic influences on African society in the 19th century
     2.Understands social influences on African society in the 19th century
     3.Understands religious influences on African society in the 19th century
     4.Understands the impact of religious and political revolutions in Sudan on state building, Islamization, and European imperial conquest
     5.Understands how and why slavery and the slave trade flourished in both West and East Africa even after the end of the trans Atlantic slave trade
     6.Knows the relative strengths of Islam and Christianity in Africa at the beginning of the 20th century
     7.Knows types of rivalries among Christian denominations in Africa
     8.Understands the links between Islam and Christianity and the interests of the government
   Benchmark 7.Understands African resistance movements against the British during the period of European imperial expansion (e.g., the successes and failures of prominent African resistance movements in West Africa, Sudan, Ethiopia, and South Africa; the nature of the Sudanese resistance to the British, as well as the general success of Mahdi Muhammad Ahmed and the Mahdi uprising against British imperialism)
    Knowledge/skill statements
     1.Knows the successes and failures of prominent African resistance movements in West Africa
     2.Knows the successes and failures of prominent African resistance movements in Sudan
     3.Knows the successes and failures of prominent African resistance movements in Ethiopia
     4.Knows the successes and failures of prominent African resistance movements in South Africa
     5.Understands the nature of the Sudanese resistance to the British, as well as the general success of Mahdi Muhammad Ahmed and the Mahdi uprising against British imperialism