Standards Database Logo
Home | Browse | Search | Purpose | History | Process | Acknowledgment| Reference

 


 


Topic: Linguistic and grammatical concepts 

Foreign Language

 Standard 2.  Understands and interprets written and spoken language on diverse topics from diverse media
  Level II (Grade K-4)
   Benchmark 6.Understands common phrase groupings and voice inflection in simple spoken sentences
    Knowledge/skill statements
     1.Understands common phrase groupings in simple spoken sentences
     2.Understands common voice inflection in simple spoken sentences
   Benchmark 7.Understands common cognates and borrowed words in the target and native languages
    Knowledge/skill statements
     1.Understands common cognates in the target and native languages
     2.Understands common expressions in the target and native languages
  Level III (Grade 5-8)
   Benchmark 5.Understands various phrase groupings and structures in spoken forms of the target language (e.g., expressions, questions, polite commands)
    Knowledge/skill statements
     1.Understands various phrase groupings in spoken forms of the target language
     2.Understands various structures in spoken forms of the target language
     3.Understands various expressions in the target language
     4.Understands various questions in the target language
     5.Understands various polite commands in the target language
  Level IV (Grade 9-12)
   Benchmark 6.Understands cultural nuances of meaning (e.g., word choice, idioms, intonation, inflection, formal and informal usage) in written and spoken language and in expressive products of the culture (e.g., literary genres, visual arts)
    Knowledge/skill statements
     1.Understands cultural nuances of meaning in written language
     2.Understands cultural nuances of meaning in spoken language
     3.Understands cultural nuances of meaning in expressive products of the culture
     4.Understands word choice in written and spoken language and in expressive products of the culture
     5.Understands idioms in written and spoken language and in expressive products of the culture
     6.Understands intonation in spoken language and in expressive products of the culture
     7.Understands inflection in spoken language and in expressive products of the culture
     8.Understands formal and informal usage in written and spoken language and in expressive products of the culture
 Standard 3.  Presents information, concepts, and ideas to an audience of listeners or readers on a variety of topics
  Level II (Grade K-4)
   Benchmark 5.Uses language conventions and style (e.g., phrases, structures, grammar, spelling, mechanics, commands, vocabulary, dialect, slang, idioms, humor, pronunciation, intonation, tone, stress) appropriate for different audiences (e.g., peers, adults) and settings (e.g., formal, informal, social, academic)
    Knowledge/skill statements
     1.Uses phrases appropriate for different audiences or settings
     2.Uses structures appropriate for different audiences or settings
     3.Uses grammar appropriate for different audiences or settings
     4.Uses spelling appropriate for different audiences or settings
     5.Uses mechanics appropriate for different audiences or settings
     6.Uses commands appropriate for different audiences or settings
     7.Uses vocabulary appropriate for different audiences or settings
     8.Uses dialect appropriate for different audiences or settings
     9.Uses slang appropriate for different audiences or settings
     10.Uses idioms appropriate for different audiences or settings
     11.Uses humor appropriate for different audiences or settings
     12.Uses pronunciation appropriate for different audiences or settings
     13.Uses intonation appropriate for different audiences or settings
     14.Uses tone appropriate for different audiences or settings
     15.Uses stress appropriately for different audiences or settings
     16.Uses appropriate language conventions and style for a peer audience
     17.Uses appropriate language conventions and style for an adult audience
     18.Uses appropriate language conventions and style for a formal setting
     19.Uses appropriate language conventions and style for an informal setting
     20.Uses appropriate language conventions and style for a social setting
     21.Uses appropriate language conventions and style for an academic setting
  Level III (Grade 5-8)
   Benchmark 7.Uses language conventions and style (e.g., complex grammatical structures, slang, humor, idioms, small talk, polite forms and status indicators, vernacular dialects, content area vocabulary) appropriate to different audiences and settings (e.g., formal, informal, social, academic, ceremonial)
    Knowledge/skill statements
     1.Uses complex grammatical structures appropriate to different audiences and settings
     2.Uses small talk appropriate to different audiences and settings
     3.Uses polite forms appropriate to different audiences and settings
     4.Uses status indicators appropriate to different audiences and settings
     5.Uses vernacular dialects appropriate to different audiences and settings
     6.Uses content area vocabulary appropriate to different audiences and settings
     7.Uses appropriate language conventions and style for ceremonial settings
  Level IV (Grade 9-12)
   Benchmark 7.Uses language, content, and style of speech (e.g., advanced grammatical structures; specialized vocabulary, including political concepts, historical concepts, environmental terms; humor; sarcasm; irony; idiomatic speech) appropriate to different purposes (e.g., job interview, debate, formal meeting, business and friendly transactions)
    Knowledge/skill statements
     1.Uses language appropriate to different purposes
     2.Uses content appropriate to different purposes
     3.Uses style of speech appropriate to different purposes
     4.Uses advanced grammatical structures appropriate to purpose
     5.Uses specialized vocabulary appropriate to purpose
     6.Uses humor appropriate to purpose
     7.Uses sarcasm appropriate to purpose
     8.Uses irony appropriate to purpose
     9.Uses idiomatic speech appropriate to purpose
     10.Uses appropriate language, content, and style of speech for job interviews
     11.Uses appropriate language, content, and style of speech for debates
     12.Uses appropriate language, content, and style of speech for formal meetings
     13.Uses appropriate language, content, and style of speech for business transactions
     14.Uses appropriate language, content, and style of speech for friendly transactions
 Standard 5.  Understands that different languages use different patterns to communicate and applies this knowledge to the target and native languages
  Level II (Grade K-4)
   Benchmark 3.Understands that an idea may be expressed in multiple ways in the target language
    Knowledge/skill statements
     1.Knows that ideas can be expressed in more than one way
  Level III (Grade 5-8)
   Benchmark 1.Understands how idiomatic expressions have an impact on communication and reflect culture (e.g., anticipates larger units of meaning rather than individual word equivalencies)
    Knowledge/skill statements
     1.Understands how idiomatic expressions have an impact on communication
     2.Understands how idiomatic expressions reflect culture
     3.Anticipates larger units of meaning rather than individual word equivalencies
   Benchmark 2.Draws conclusions about the relationship among languages (e.g., based on cognates and idioms)
    Knowledge/skill statements
     1.Understands that there are underlying relationships among languages
     2.Draws conclusions about relationships among languages based on cognates
     3.Draws conclusions about relationships among languages based on idioms
  Level IV (Grade 9-12)
   Benchmark 1.Knows various linguistic elements of the target language (e.g., time, tense, gender, syntax, style) and how these elements compare to linguistic elements in one’s native language
    Knowledge/skill statements
     1.Knows the linguistic elements of the target language, such as time
     2.Knows the linguistic elements of the target language, such as tense
     3.Knows the linguistic elements of the target language, such as gender
     4.Knows the linguistic elements of the target language, such as syntax
     5.Knows the linguistic elements of the target language, such as style
     6.Knows how linguistic elements of the target language compare to linguistic elements in one’s native language
   Benchmark 3.Understands similar and different meanings of cognates in different languages and how this relates to the evolution of language
    Knowledge/skill statements
     1.Understands similar meanings of cognates in different languages
     2.Understands different meanings of cognates in different languages
     3.Understands how the similar and different meanings of cognates relates to the evolution of language