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Topic: History, geography, and demographics of the target culture 

Foreign Language

 Standard 4.  Understands traditional ideas and perspectives, institutions, professions, literary and artistic expressions, and other components of the target culture
  Level II (Grade K-4)
   Benchmark 7.Knows distinctive contributions made by people in the target culture
    Knowledge/skill statements
     1.Knows that people from different cultures have made important contributions
   Benchmark 8.Knows basic geographical aspects of countries where the target language is spoken (e.g., major cities, rivers, mountains, climate)
    Knowledge/skill statements
     1.Knows major cities of countries where the target language is spoken
     2.Knows major rivers of countries where the target language is spoken
     3.Knows major mountain ranges of countries where the target language is spoken
     4.Knows the general climate of countries where the target language is spoken
  Level III (Grade 5-8)
   Benchmark 10.Knows historical and cultural figures from the target culture and their contributions
    Knowledge/skill statements
     1.Knows historical figures from the target culture
     2.Knows the contributions of historical figures from the target culture
     3.Knows cultural figures from the target culture
     4.Knows the contributions of cultural figures from the target culture
   Benchmark 11.Knows chronological order and significance of important historical events in the target culture
    Knowledge/skill statements
     1.Knows the chronological order of important historical events in the target culture
     2.Understands the significance of important historical events in the target culture
   Benchmark 12.Knows the location(s) and major geographic features of countries where the target language is/was used
    Knowledge/skill statements
     1.Knows the location(s) of countries where the target language is/was used
     2.Knows the major geographic features of countries where the target language is/was used
  Level IV (Grade 9-12)
   Benchmark 11.Knows significant political, military, intellectual, and cultural figures and how they shaped historical events and the target culture's perspectives
    Knowledge/skill statements
     1.Knows significant political figures of the target culture
     2.Knows significant military figures of the target culture
     3.Knows significant intellectual figures of the target culture
     4.Knows significant cultural figures of the target culture
     5.Knows how significant political figures shaped historical events and the target culture’s perspectives
     6.Knows how significant military figures shaped historical events and the target culture’s perspectives
     7.Knows how significant intellectual figures shaped historical events and the target culture’s perspectives
     8.Knows how significant cultural figures shaped historical events and the target culture’s perspectives
   Benchmark 12.Knows graphic and statistical information about the target and native cultures (e.g., population, income)
    Knowledge/skill statements
     1.Knows graphic and statistical information about the target culture
     2.Knows graphic and statistical information about the native culture
     3.Knows information about the population of the target culture
     4.Knows information about the population of the native culture
     5.Knows information about the income of the target culture
     6.Knows information about the income of the native culture