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Topic: Productivity 

Business Education

 Standard 4.  Understands and uses accounting software and spreadsheets
  Level IV (Grade 9-12)
   Benchmark 5.Knows various accounting software available for financial analysis and management (e.g., programs pertaining to productivity, payroll, investments, inventory control, ratio analysis)
    Knowledge/skill statements
     1.Knows various accounting software available for financial analysis
     2.Knows various accounting software available for financial management
     3.Knows various accounting programs pertaining to productivity
     4.Knows various accounting software pertaining to payroll
     5.Knows various accounting software pertaining to investments
     6.Knows various accounting software pertaining to inventory control

Economics

 Standard 1.  Understands that scarcity of productive resources requires choices that generate opportunity costs
  Level II (Grade 3-5)
   Benchmark 10.Understands how labor productivity can be increased as a result of specialization, division of labor, and more capital goods such as tools and machines
    Knowledge/skill statements
     1.Understands that specialization can increase labor productivity
     2.Understands that the division of labor can increase labor productivity
     3.Understands that more capital goods can increase labor productivity
  Level III (Grade 6-8)
   Benchmark 4.Knows that productivity can be measured as output per worker, per hour, per machine, or per unit of land
    Knowledge/skill statements
     1.Knows that productivity can be measured as output per worker
     2.Knows that productivity can be measured as output per hour
     3.Knows that productivity can be measured as output per machine
     4.Knows that productivity can be measured as output per unit of land
   Benchmark 5.Understands that increasing labor productivity is the major way in which a nation can improve the standard of living of its people
    Knowledge/skill statements
     1.Knows how labor productivity is measured
     2.Knows the meaning of "standard of living"
     3.Knows how "standard of living" is measured
  Level IV (Grade 9-12)
   Benchmark 3.Understands that increases in productivity are affected by incentives that reward successful innovation and investments (e.g., in research and development, and in physical and human capital)
    Knowledge/skill statements
     1.Understands that incentives can bring about increases in productivity
   Benchmark 5.Understands that technological change and investments in capital goods and human capital may increase labor productivity but have significant opportunity costs and economic risks
    Knowledge/skill statements
     1.Understands that technological change may increase labor productivity
     2.Understands that investments in capital goods may increase labor productivity
     3.Understands that investments in human capital may increase labor productivity
 Standard 5.  Understands unemployment, income, and income distribution in a market economy
  Level III (Grade 6-8)
   Benchmark 4.Understands that the unemployment rate (i.e., the percentage of the labor force considered to be unemployed) rises during a recession, and the economy's production is less than its potential level
    Knowledge/skill statements
     5.Understands how recession affects the economy‚Äôs potential level of production

Engineering Education

 Standard 18.  Understands concepts of production control in the manufacturing industry
  Level IV (Grade 9-12)
   Benchmark 5.Understands numerical control methods used to improve productivity (e.g., statistical processing control [SPC] software)
    Knowledge/skill statements
     1.Understands that numerical control methods are used to improve productivity
     2.Understands that statistical processing control (SPC) software is a numerical control method used to improve productivity