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Topic: Western Europe during the Age of Exploration 

United States History

 Standard 1.  Understands the characteristics of societies in the Americas, Western Europe, and Western Africa that increasingly interacted after 1450
  Level II (Grade 5-6)
   Benchmark 3.Understands social, economic, and cultural characteristics of European society (e.g., the customary European family organization, gender roles, property holding, education and literacy, linguistic diversity, religion)
    Knowledge/skill statements
     1.Understands different social characteristics of European society in the Age of Exploration
     2.Understands different economic characteristics of European society in the Age of Exploration
     3.Understands different cultural characteristics of European society in the Age of Exploration
     4.Understands family organization as a social characteristic of European society in the Age of Exploration
     5.Understands customary gender roles as a social characteristic of European society in the Age of Exploration
     6.Understands customs regarding holding property as an economic characteristic of European society in the Age of Exploration
     7.Understands customs regarding education and literacy as a cultural characteristic of European society in the Age of Exploration
     8.Understands the extent of linguistic diversity as a cultural characteristic of European society in the Age of Exploration
     9.Understands religious customs as a cultural characteristic of European society in the Age of Exploration
   Benchmark 8.Knows legends of pre-Columbus explorations and understands how they may have contributed to the age of exploration and settlement in the Americas
    Knowledge/skill statements
     1.Knows different legends of Pre-Columbus explorations
     2.Understands how legends of pre-Columbus explorations contributed to the Age of Exploration
     3.Understands how legends of pre-Columbus explorations contributed to settlement in the Americas
  Level III (Grade 7-8)
   Benchmark 2.Understands the role of religion in Western Europe during the age of exploration (e.g., the causes and consequences of European Crusades in Iberia, connections between the Christian crusading tradition and European overseas exploration, dissent within the Catholic Church and beliefs and ideas of leading religious reformers)
    Knowledge/skill statements
     1.Understands the causes of the European crusades in Iberia during the Age of Exploration
     2.Understands the consequences of the European crusades in Iberia during the Age of Exploration
     3.Understands connections between the Christian crusading tradition and European overseas exploration
     4.Understands aspects of dissent within the Catholic Church during the Age of Exploration
     5.Knows the beliefs and ideas of leading religious reformers during the Age of Exploration
   Benchmark 4.Understands the scientific and technological factors (e.g., navigational knowledge, advances in shipbuilding) that contributed to the age of exploration and settlement in the Americas
    Knowledge/skill statements
     1.Knows a variety of scientific factors that led to the Age of Exploration in the Americas
     2.Knows a variety of technological factors that led to the Age of Exploration in the Americas
     3.Understands types of navigational knowledge that were factors that contributed to the Age of Exploration
     4.Knows general advances in shipbuilding that were factors that contributed to the Age of Exploration
   Benchmark 5.Understands ways in which European societal views (e.g., attitudes toward property and the environment) influenced European perspectives of other cultures during the period of exploration and early settlement
    Knowledge/skill statements
     1.Understands European attitudes toward property during the Age of Exploration
     2.Understands European attitudes toward nature during the Age of Exploration
     3.Understands ways European attitudes toward property influenced perspectives of other cultures
     4.Understands ways European attitudes toward the environment influenced perspectives of other cultures
  Level IV (Grade 9-12)
   Benchmark 1.Understands economic changes in Western Europe in the age of exploration (e.g., major institutions of capitalism; the effects of the emerging capitalist economy on agricultural production, manufacturing, and the uses of labor)
    Knowledge/skill statements
     1.Knows the major institutions of capitalism that characterize economic change in Western Europe during the Age of Exploration
     2.Understands the effects of the emerging capitalist economy on agricultural production in Western Europe during the Age of Exploration
     3.Understands the effects of the emerging capitalist economy on manufacturing in Western Europe during the Age of Exploration
     4.Understands the effects of the emerging capitalist economy on labor use in Western Europe during the Age of Exploration
   Benchmark 3.Understands the social, economic, and political factors that stimulated overseas exploration (e.g., the rise of centralized states, the development of urban centers, the expansion of commerce, the spirit of individualism and how it affected cross-cultural contacts with new peoples)
    Knowledge/skill statements
     1.Understands the social factors that stimulated overseas exploration during the Age of Exploration
     2.Understands the economic factors that stimulated overseas exploration during the Age of Exploration
     3.Understands the political factors that stimulated overseas exploration during the Age of Exploration
     4.Understands the rise of centralized states as a factor that stimulated overseas exploration during the Age of Exploration
     5.Understands the development of urban centers as a factor that stimulated overseas exploration during the Age of Exploration
     6.Understands the expansion of commerce as a factor that stimulated overseas exploration during the Age of Exploration
     7.Understands the spirit of individualism during the Age of Exploration and how it affected cross-cultural interactions and stimulated overseas exploration