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Topic: Structure and responsibilities of the national government 

Civics

 Standard 15.  Understands how the United States Constitution grants and distributes power and responsibilities to national and state government and how it seeks to prevent the abuse of power
  Level II (Grade 3-5)
   Benchmark 4.Knows that Congress passes laws to protect individual rights (e.g., laws protecting freedom of religion and expression, and preventing unfair discrimination) and promote the common good (e.g., laws providing for clean air, national parks, and the defense of the nation)
    Knowledge/skill statements
     1.Knows that Congress passes laws to protect individual rights
     2.Knows that Congress passes laws that protect freedom of religion and expression
     3.Knows that Congress passes laws that prevent unfair discrimination
     4.Knows that Congress passes laws to promote the common good
     5.Knows that Congress passes laws that provide for clean air
     6.Knows that Congress passes laws that provide for national parks
     7.Knows that Congress passes laws that provide for the defense of the nation
   Benchmark 5.Knows that the executive branch carries out and enforces laws to protect individual rights (e.g., voting rights, equal opportunities to attain an education) and promote the common good (e.g., enforcement of pure food and drug laws, enforcement of clean air laws)
    Knowledge/skill statements
     1.Knows that the executive branch carries out and enforces laws to protect individual rights
     2.Knows that the executive branch carries out and enforces voting rights
     3.Knows that the executive branch carries out and enforces equal opportunities to attain an education
     4.Knows that the executive branch carries out and enforces laws to promote the common good
     5.Knows that the executive branch enforces pure food and drug laws
     6.Knows that the executive branch enforces clean air laws
   Benchmark 6.Knows that the judicial branch, headed by the Supreme Court, makes decisions concerning the law that aim to protect individual rights (e.g., the right to a fair trial, to vote, to practice one's religious beliefs) and promote the common good (e.g., upholding laws that protect the rights of all people to equal opportunity)
    Knowledge/skill statements
     1.Knows that the judicial branch makes decisions concerning the law that aim to protect individual rights
     2.Knows that the judicial branch is headed by the Supreme Court
     3.Knows that the judicial branch makes decisions concerning the law that aim to protect individual rights, such as the right to a fair trial
     4.Knows that the judicial branch makes decisions concerning the law that aim to protect individual rights, such as the right to vote
     5.Knows that the judicial branch makes decisions concerning the law that aim to protect individual rights, such as the right to practice one’s religious beliefs
     6.Knows that the judicial branch makes decisions concerning the law that aim to promote the common good
     7.Knows that the judicial branch upholds laws that protect the rights of all people to equal opportunity
 Standard 17.  Understands issues concerning the relationship between state and local governments and the national government and issues pertaining to representation at all three levels of government
  Level II (Grade 3-5)
   Benchmark 1.Knows how to distinguish among national, state, and local governments
    Knowledge/skill statements
     1.Knows characteristics of the national government
     2.Knows characteristics of the state government
     3.Knows characteristics of the local government
   Benchmark 3.Knows major services provided by national, state, and local governments (e.g., state services such as education and health services and local services such as transportation, education, recreation, public safety, public utilities), and knows how these services are paid for (e.g., taxes, fees, licenses)
    Knowledge/skill statements
     1.Knows major services provided by national government
     2.Knows major services provided by state government
     3.Knows major services provided by local government
     4.Knows that the state provides services in education and health
     5.Knows that the local government provides services in transportation, education, recreation, public safety, and public utilities
     6.Knows how the services provided by the national government are paid for
     7.Knows how the services provided by the state government are paid for
     8.Knows how the services provided by the local government are paid for
     9.Knows that taxes pay for the services provided by the national, state, and local governments
     10.Knows that fees pay for the services provided by the national, state, and local governments
     11.Knows that licenses pay for the services provided by the national, state, and local governments
 Standard 18.  Understands the role and importance of law in the American constitutional system and issues regarding the judicial protection of individual rights
  Level II (Grade 3-5)
   Benchmark 1.Knows that the judicial branch, headed by the Supreme Court, makes decisions concerning the law that aim to protect individual rights (e.g., the right to a fair trial, to vote, to practice one's religious beliefs) and promote the common good (e.g., upholding laws that protect the rights of all people to equal opportunity)
    Knowledge/skill statements
     1.Knows that the judicial branch makes decisions concerning the law that aim to protect individual rights
     2.Knows that the judicial branch is headed by the Supreme Court
     3.Knows that the judicial branch makes decisions concerning the law that aim to protect individual rights, such as the right to a fair trial
     4.Knows that the judicial branch makes decisions concerning the law that aim to protect individual rights, such as the right to vote
     5.Knows that the judicial branch makes decisions concerning the law that aim to protect individual rights, such as the right to practice one’s religious beliefs
     6.Knows that the judicial branch makes decisions concerning the law that aim to promote the common good
     7.Knows that the judicial branch upholds laws that protect the rights of all people to equal opportunity