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Topic: Structure and responsibilities of state government 

Civics

 Standard 17.  Understands issues concerning the relationship between state and local governments and the national government and issues pertaining to representation at all three levels of government
  Level II (Grade 3-5)
   Benchmark 1.Knows how to distinguish among national, state, and local governments
    Knowledge/skill statements
     1.Knows characteristics of the national government
     2.Knows characteristics of the state government
     3.Knows characteristics of the local government
   Benchmark 2.Knows the major responsibilities of the legislative, executive, and judicial branches of his/her state government
    Knowledge/skill statements
     1.Knows the major responsibilities of the legislative branch of his/her state government
     2.Knows the major responsibilities of the executive branch of his/her state government
     3.Knows the major responsibilities of the judicial branch of his/her state government
   Benchmark 3.Knows major services provided by national, state, and local governments (e.g., state services such as education and health services and local services such as transportation, education, recreation, public safety, public utilities), and knows how these services are paid for (e.g., taxes, fees, licenses)
    Knowledge/skill statements
     1.Knows major services provided by national government
     2.Knows major services provided by state government
     3.Knows major services provided by local government
     4.Knows that the state provides services in education and health
     5.Knows that the local government provides services in transportation, education, recreation, public safety, and public utilities
     6.Knows how the services provided by the national government are paid for
     7.Knows how the services provided by the state government are paid for
     8.Knows how the services provided by the local government are paid for
     9.Knows that taxes pay for the services provided by the national, state, and local governments
     10.Knows that fees pay for the services provided by the national, state, and local governments
     11.Knows that licenses pay for the services provided by the national, state, and local governments
   Benchmark 4.Knows how state and local government officials are chosen (i.e., by election or appointment)
    Knowledge/skill statements
     1.Knows how state government officials are chosen
     2.Knows how local government officials are chosen
     3.Knows that some state government officials are chosen by election
     4.Knows that some state government officials are appointed
     5.Knows that some local government officials are chosen by election
     6.Knows that some local government officials are appointed
   Benchmark 5.Knows how people can participate in their state and local government (e.g., being informed, taking part in discussing issues, voting, volunteering their time), and understands why it is important that people participate in their state and local government (e.g., improve the quality of life in their community, gain personal satisfaction, prevent officials from abusing power)
    Knowledge/skill statements
     1.Knows how people can participate in their state government
     2.Knows how people can participate in their local government
     3.Knows that people can participate in their state and local governments by being informed
     4.Knows that people can participate in their state and local governments by taking part in discussing issues
     5.Knows that people can participate in their state and local governments by voting
     6.Knows that people can participate in their state and local governments by volunteering their time
     7.Understands why it is important that people participate in their state government
     8.Understands why it is important that people participate in their local government
     9.Understands that by participating in the state and local governments, the quality of life in the community can be improved
     10.Understands that by participating in the state and local governments, one can gain personal satisfaction
     11.Understands that by participating in the state and local governments, officials can be prevented from abusing power
  Level III (Grade 6-8)
   Benchmark 5.Knows the major responsibilities of his/her state and local governments (e.g., education, welfare, streets and roads, parks, recreation, law enforcement), and understands the organization of his/her state and local governments (e.g., legislative, executive, and judicial functions at state and local levels)
    Knowledge/skill statements
     1.Knows the major responsibilities of his/her state government
     2.Knows the major responsibilities of his/her local government
     3.Understands the organization of his/her state government
     4.Understands the organization of his/her local government
     5.Knows that his/her state and local governments are responsible for education
     6.Knows that his/her state and local governments are responsible for welfare
     7.Knows that his/her state and local governments are responsible for streets and roads
     8.Knows that his/her state and local governments are responsible for parks and recreation
     9.Knows that his/her state and local governments are responsible for law enforcement
     10.Knows the legislative functions at the state and local levels
     11.Knows the judicial functions at the state and local levels
     12.Knows the executive functions at the state and local levels
   Benchmark 6.Knows major sources of revenue for state and local governments (e.g., property, sales, and income taxes; fees and licenses; taxes on corporations and businesses; borrowing)
    Knowledge/skill statements
     1.Knows major sources of revenue for state governments
     2.Knows major sources of revenue for local governments
     3.Knows that property, sales, and income taxes are sources of revenue for the state and local governments
     4.Knows that fees and licenses are a sources of revenue for the state and local governments
     5.Knows that taxes on corporations and businesses are sources of revenue for the state and local governments
     6.Knows that borrowing is a source of revenue for the state and local governments
  Level IV (Grade 9-12)
   Benchmark 4.Understands criteria for evaluating the argument that state and local governments provide significant opportunities for experimentation and innovation
    Knowledge/skill statements
     1.Understands criteria for evaluating the argument that state governments provide significant opportunities for experimentation
     2.Understands criteria for evaluating the argument that state governments provide significant opportunities for innovation
     3.Understands criteria for evaluating the argument that local governments provide significant opportunities for experimentation
     4.Understands criteria for evaluating the argument that local governments provide significant opportunities for innovation
   Benchmark 6.Understands how the policies of state and local governments provide citizens with ways to monitor and influence the actions of members of government and hold them responsible for their actions (e.g., requirements of fair and public notice of meetings, meetings of government agencies must be open to the public, public trials, provision of opportunities for citizens to be heard)
    Knowledge/skill statements
     1.Understands how the policies of state governments provide citizens with ways to monitor the actions of members of government
     2.Understands how the policies of state governments provide citizens with ways to influence the actions of members of government
     3.Understands how the policies of local governments provide citizens with ways to monitor the actions of members of government
     4.Understands how the policies of local governments provide citizens with ways to influence the actions of members of government
     5.Understands how the policies of state governments provide citizens with ways to hold those in government responsible for their actions
     6.Understands how the policies of local governments provide citizens with ways to hold those in government responsible for their actions
     7.Understands the requirement of fair and public notice of meetings
     8.Knows that meetings of government agencies must be open to the public
     9.Understands the importance of public trials
     10.Understands the provision of opportunities for citizens to be heard