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Topic: Shared powers and parliamentary systems 

Civics

 Standard 5.  Understands the major characteristics of systems of shared powers and of parliamentary systems
  Level III (Grade 6-8)
   Benchmark 1.Understands the primary responsibilities of each branch of government in a system of shared powers (e.g., legislative, executive, judicial) and ways in which each branch shares the powers and functions of the other branches
    Knowledge/skill statements
     1.Understands the primary responsibilities of each branch of government in a system of shared powers
     2.Understands ways in which each branch shares the powers and functions of other branches
     3.Understands the primary responsibilities of the legislative branch in a system of shared powers
     4.Understands the primary responsibilities of the executive branch in a system of shared powers
     5.Understands the primary responsibilities of the judicial branch in a system of shared powers
   Benchmark 2.Understands characteristics of systems of shared powers (e.g., in the United States the president and members of the president’s Cabinet cannot be members of Congress)
    Knowledge/skill statements
     1.Understands characteristics of systems of shared powers
     2.Knows that in the United States, the president and member’s of the Cabinet cannot also be member of Congress
   Benchmark 3.Understands characteristics of parliamentary systems (e.g., in the United Kingdom a legislature called Parliament assumes authority, the political party or parties that can form a majority in Parliament select the prime minister, and the prime minister selects cabinet members; the prime minister and members of the cabinet must all be members of Parliament)
    Knowledge/skill statements
     1.Understands characteristics of parliamentary systems
     2.Knows that in a parliamentary system, a legislature called the Parliament assumes authority
     3.Knows that in a parliamentary system, the political party or parties that form a majority selects the prime minister, and the prime minister selects cabinet members
     4.Knows that in a parliamentary system, the prime minister and members of the cabinet must all be members of Parliament
     5.Knows that the United Kingdom has a parliamentary system
   Benchmark 4.Understands that in parliamentary systems the prime minister and cabinet direct the administration of the government, but the prime minister and cabinet may be replaced by Parliament if a majority votes "no confidence" in the government
    Knowledge/skill statements
     1.Understands that in parliamentary systems the prime minister and cabinet direct the administration of the government
     2.Understands that the prime minister and cabinet may be replaced by Parliament if a majority votes "no confidence" in the government
  Level IV (Grade 9-12)
   Benchmark 1.Understands the major characteristics of systems of shared powers (e.g., in the United States and Brazil the executive, legislative, and judicial branches each have primary responsibility for certain functions and share some of the powers and functions of the other branches)
    Knowledge/skill statements
     1.Knows that in the United States, the executive, legislative, and judicial branches each have primary responsibility for certain functions
     2.Knows that in the United States, the executive, legislative, and judicial branches share some of the powers and functions of the other branches
     3.Knows that in Brazil, the executive, legislative, and judicial branches each have primary responsibility for certain functions
     4.Knows that in Brazil, the executive, legislative, and judicial branches share some of the powers and functions of the other branches
   Benchmark 2.Understands the major characteristics of parliamentary systems (e.g., in the United Kingdom and Israel authority is held by Parliament and the party or parties that form the majority select the prime minister)
    Knowledge/skill statements
     1.Knows that in the United Kingdom, authority is held by Parliament
     2.Knows that in the United Kingdom, the party or parties that form the majority select the prime minister
     3.Knows that in Israel, authority is held by Parliament
     4.Knows that in Israel, the party or parties that form the majority select the prime minister
   Benchmark 3.Understands the relative advantages and disadvantages of the various ways power is distributed, shared, and limited in systems of shared powers and parliamentary systems (e.g., in terms of effectiveness, prevention of the abuse of power, responsiveness to popular will, stability, ability to serve the purposes of constitutional government)
    Knowledge/skill statements
     1.Understands the advantages and disadvantages of the various ways power is distributed in systems of shared powers
     2.Understands the advantages and disadvantages of the various ways power is shared in systems of shared powers
     3.Understands the advantages and disadvantages of the various ways power is limited in systems of shared powers
     4.Understands the relative advantages and disadvantages of the various ways power is distributed in parliamentary systems
     5.Understands the advantages and disadvantages of the various ways power is shared in parliamentary systems
     6.Understands the advantages and disadvantages of the various ways power is limited in parliamentary systems
     7.Understands the advantages and disadvantages of systems of shared power in terms of effectiveness
     8.Understands the advantages and disadvantages of systems of shared power in terms of prevention of the abuse of power
     9.Understands the advantages and disadvantages of systems of shared power in terms of responsiveness to popular will
     10.Understands the advantages and disadvantages of systems of shared power in terms of stability
     11.Understands the advantages and disadvantages of systems of shared power in terms of the ability to serve the purposes of constitutional government
     12.Understands the advantages and disadvantages of parliamentary systems terms of effectiveness
     13.Understands the advantages and disadvantages of parliamentary systems in terms of prevention of the abuse of power
     14.Understands the advantages and disadvantages of parliamentary systems in terms of responsiveness to popular will
     15.Understands the advantages and disadvantages of parliamentary systems in terms of stability
     16.Understands the advantages and disadvantages of parliamentary systems in terms of the ability to serve the purposes of constitutional government