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Topic: Pre-Columbian indigenous societies 

United States History

 Standard 1.  Understands the characteristics of societies in the Americas, Western Europe, and Western Africa that increasingly interacted after 1450
  Level II (Grade 5-6)
   Benchmark 1.Understands the migration and settlement patterns of peoples in the Americas (e.g., the archaeological and geological evidence that explains the movement of people from Asia to the Americas, the spread of human societies and the rise of diverse cultures from hunter-gatherers to urban dwellers, use of the Bering land bridge)
    Knowledge/skill statements
     1.Understands the migration patterns of peoples in the Pre-Columbian Americas
     2.Understands the settlement patterns of peoples in the Pre-Columbian Americas
     3.Understands the archaeological evidence that explains the movement of people from Asia to the Americas in Pre-Columbian times
     4.Understands the geological evidence that explains the movement of people from Asia to the Americas in Pre-Columbian times
     5.Understands the spread of human societies in terms of migration and settlement patterns in the Pre-Columbian Americas
     6.Understands the rise of diverse cultures in relation to migration and settlement patterns in the Pre-Columbian Americas
     7.Understands the role of hunter-gatherer societies in terms of migration and settlement patterns in the Pre-Columbian Americas
     8.Understands the rise of urban dwelling societies in the Pre-Columbian Americas
     9.Understands the role of the Bering land bridge in the migration and settlement patterns in the Pre-Columbian Americas
   Benchmark 2.Understands the significance of beliefs held by both Native Americans and Europeans (e.g., Native American beliefs about their origins in America, ideas of land use held by Native Americans and Europeans)
    Knowledge/skill statements
     1.Understands the significance of a variety of beliefs held by different Native American groups during Pre-Columbian times and the age of exploration
     2.Understands the significance of a variety of beliefs held by different European groups during the age of exploration
     3.Understands Native American beliefs about their origins in the Americas
     4.Understands Native American beliefs about land use during Pre-Columbian times and the age of exploration
     5.Understands European beliefs about land use during the age of exploration
   Benchmark 6.Understands the economic, social, and cultural influence of location and physical geography on different Native American societies (e.g., Iroquois and Pueblo, Northwest and Southeast societies)
    Knowledge/skill statements
     1.Understands the economic influence of location and physical geography on various Native American societies (e.g., Iroquois and Pueblo, Northwest and Southeast societies)
     2.Understands the social influence of location and physical geography on various Native American societies (e.g., Iroquois and Pueblo, Northwest and Southeast societies)
     3.Understands the cultural influence of location and physical geography on various Native American societies (e.g., Iroquois and Pueblo, Northwest and Southeast societies)
   Benchmark 7.Understands how the Mohawk, Oneida, Onondaga, Cayuga, and Seneca united to form the Iroquois nation and to solve conflicts peaceably
    Knowledge/skill statements
     1.Understands that the Mohawk, Oneida, Onandaga, Cayuga, and Seneca were distinct Native American societies prior to forming the Iroquois nation
     2.Understands that the Iroquois nation was formed in order to solve conflicts peaceably among different Native American societies
  Level III (Grade 7-8)
   Benchmark 1.Understands the rise and decline of the Mississippian mound-building society
    Knowledge/skill statements
     1.Understands aspects of the rise of the Mississippian mound-building society
     2.Understands aspects of the decline of the Mississippian mound-building society
  Level IV (Grade 9-12)
   Benchmark 2.Understands the similarities and differences among Native American societies (e.g., gender roles; patterns of social organization; cultural traditions; economic organization; political culture; among Hopi, Zuni, Algonkian, Iroquoian, Moundbuilder, and Mississippian cultures)
    Knowledge/skill statements
     1.Understands the similarities and differences in gender roles among Hopi, Zuni, Algonkian, Iroquoian, Moundbuilder, and Mississippian Native American cultures
     2.Understands the similarities and differences in patterns of social organization among Hopi, Zuni, Algonkian, Iroquoian, Moundbuilder, and Mississippian Native American cultures
     3.Understands the similarities and differences in cultural traditions among Hopi, Zuni, Algonkian, Iroquoian, Moundbuilder, and Mississippian Native American cultures
     4.Understands the similarities and differences in economic organization among Hopi, Zuni, Algonkian, Iroquoian, Moundbuilder, and Mississippian Native American cultures
     5.Understands the similarities and differences in political culture among Hopi, Zuni, Algonkian, Iroquoian, Moundbuilder, and Mississippian Native American cultures
   Benchmark 5.Understands how values and beliefs in Native American origin stories explain other facets of Native American culture (e.g., migration, settlement, interactions with the environment)
    Knowledge/skill statements
     1.Understands how values and beliefs in Native American origin stories explain aspects of Native American migration
     2.Understands how values and beliefs in Native American origin stories explain aspects of Native American settlements
     3.Understands how values and beliefs in Native American origin stories explain aspects of Native American interaction with the environment
     4.Knows a variety of Native American origin stories
     5.Knows values and beliefs that are expressed in a variety of Native American origin stories