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Topic: Role of law in American society  

Civics

 Standard 18.  Understands the role and importance of law in the American constitutional system and issues regarding the judicial protection of individual rights
  Level III (Grade 6-8)
   Benchmark 1.Understands the importance of the rule of law in establishing limits on both those who govern and the governed, protecting individual rights, and promoting the common good
    Knowledge/skill statements
     1.Understands the importance of the rule of law in establishing limits on both those who govern and the governed
     2.Understands the importance of the rule of law in protecting individual rights
     3.Understands the importance of the rule of law in promoting the common good
   Benchmark 2.Knows historical and contemporary examples of the rule of law (e.g., Marbury v. Madison, Brown v. Board of Education, U.S. v. Nixon)
    Knowledge/skill statements
     1.Knows historical examples of the rule of law
     2.Knows contemporary examples of the rule of law
     3.Knows that Marbury v. Madison is an historical example of the rule of law
     4.Knows that Brown v. Board of Education is an historical example of the rule of law
     5.Knows that the U.S. v. Nixon is an historical example of the rule of law
   Benchmark 3.Knows principal varieties of law (e.g., constitutional, criminal, civil), and understands how the principal varieties of law protect individual rights and promote the common good
    Knowledge/skill statements
     1.Knows principal varieties of law
     2.Knows that constitutional law is a principal variety of law
     3.Knows that criminal law is a principal variety of law
     4.Knows that civil law is a principal variety of law
     5.Understands how the principal varieties of law protect individual rights
     6.Understands how the principal varieties of law promote the common good
  Level IV (Grade 9-12)
   Benchmark 1.Understands how the rule of law makes possible a system of ordered liberty that protects the basic rights of citizens
    Knowledge/skill statements
     1.Understands how the rule of law makes possible a system of ordered liberty
     2.Understands how the rule of law makes possible a system that protects the rights of individual citizens
   Benchmark 2.Knows historical and contemporary practices that illustrate the central place of the rule of law (e.g., submitting bills to legal counsel to insure congressional compliance with constitutional limitations, higher court review of lower court compliance with the law, executive branch compliance with laws enacted by Congress)
    Knowledge/skill statements
     1.Knows historical practices that illustrate the central place of the rule of law
     2.Knows contemporary practices that illustrate the central place of the rule of law
     3.Knows that the submission of bills to legal counsel to insure congressional compliance with constitutional limitations illustrates the central place of the rule of law
     4.Knows that higher court review of lower court compliance with the law illustrates the central place of the rule of law
     5.Knows that executive branch compliance with laws enacted by Congress illustrates the central place of the rule of law
   Benchmark 3.Knows historical and contemporary events and practices that illustrate the absence or breakdown of the rule of law (e.g., events such as vigilantism in the early West, Ku Klux Klan attacks, urban riots, corruption in government and business, police corruption, organized crime; practices such as illegal searches and seizures, bribery, interfering with the right to vote, perjury)
    Knowledge/skill statements
     1.Knows historical events and practices that illustrate the absence or breakdown of the rule of law
     2.Knows contemporary events and practices that illustrate the absence or breakdown of the rule of law
     3.Knows that events such as vigilantism in the early West illustrate the absence of the rule of law
     4.Knows that Ku Klux Klan attacks illustrate the breakdown of the rule of law
     5.Knows that urban riots illustrate the breakdown of the rule of law
     6.Knows that corruption in government and business illustrates the breakdown of the rule of law
     7.Knows that police corruption illustrates the breakdown of the rule of law
     8.Knows that organized crime illustrates the breakdown of the rule of law
     9.Knows that practices such as illegal search and seizures illustrate the breakdown of the rule of law
     10.Knows that practices such as bribery illustrate the breakdown of the rule of law
     11.Knows that practices such as interfering with the right to vote illustrate the breakdown of the rule of law
     12.Knows that practices such as perjury illustrate the breakdown of the rule of law
   Benchmark 4.Knows historical and contemporary illustrations of the idea of equal protection of the laws for all persons (e.g., the Fourteenth Amendment, Americans with Disabilities Act, equal opportunity legislation)
    Knowledge/skill statements
     1.Knows historical illustrations of the idea of equal protection of the laws for all persons
     2.Knows contemporary illustrations of the idea of equal protection of the laws for all persons
     3.Knows that the Fourteenth Amendment illustrates the idea of equal protection of the laws for all persons
     4.Knows that the Americans with Disabilities Act illustrates the idea of equal protection of the laws for all persons
     5.Knows that equal opportunity legislation illustrates the idea of equal protection of the laws for all persons
   Benchmark 5.Understands how the individual's rights to life, liberty, and property are protected by the trial and appellate levels of the judicial process and by the principal varieties of law (e.g., constitutional, criminal, and civil law)
    Knowledge/skill statements
     1.Understands how the individual’s rights to life, liberty, and property are protected by the trial level of the judicial process
     2.Understands how the individual’s rights to life, liberty, and property are protected by the appellate level of the judicial process
     3.Understands how the individual’s rights to life, liberty, and property are protected by the principal varieties of law
   Benchmark 6.Understands the effects of Americans relying on the legal system to solve social, economic, and political problems rather than using other means, such as private negotiations, mediation, and participation in the political process
    Knowledge/skill statements
     1.Understands the effects of Americans relying on the legal system to solve social, economic, and political problems rather than using other means, such as private negotiations
     2.Understands the effects of Americans relying on the legal system to solve social, economic, and political problems rather than using other means, such as mediation
     3.Understands the effects of Americans relying on the legal system to solve social, economic, and political problems rather than using other means, such as participation in the political process