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Topic: Relationship between states and the national government 

Civics

 Standard 15.  Understands how the United States Constitution grants and distributes power and responsibilities to national and state government and how it seeks to prevent the abuse of power
  Level IV (Grade 9-12)
   Benchmark 2.Knows why the framers adopted a federal system in which power and responsibility are divided and shared between a national government and state governments
    Knowledge/skill statements
     1.Knows why the framers adopted a federal system in which power and responsibility are divided between a national government and state governments
     2.Knows why the framers adopted a federal system in which power and responsibility are shared between a national government and state governments
   Benchmark 3.Understands ways in which federalism is designed to protect individual rights to life, liberty, and property and how it has at times made it possible for states to deny the rights of certain groups, (e.g. states' rights and slavery, denial of suffrage to women and minority groups)
    Knowledge/skill statements
     1.Understands ways in which federalism is designed to protect individual rights to life, liberty, and property
     2.Understands how federalism has, at times, made it possible for states to deny the rights of certain groups
     3.Understands how federalism made it possible for states to allow slavery
     4.Understands how federalism made it possible for states to deny suffrage to women and minority groups
   Benchmark 4.Understands both the historical and contemporary roles of national and state governments in the federal system and the importance of the Tenth Amendment
    Knowledge/skill statements
     1.Understands the historical role of the national government in the federal system
     2.Understands the contemporary role of the national government in the federal system
     3.Understands the historical role of state governments in the federal system
     4.Understands the contemporary role of state governments in the federal system
     5.Understands the importance of the Tenth Amendment in the federal system
 Standard 17.  Understands issues concerning the relationship between state and local governments and the national government and issues pertaining to representation at all three levels of government
  Level IV (Grade 9-12)
   Benchmark 1.Knows the limits the United States Constitution places on the powers of the states (e.g., prohibitions against impairing interstate commerce, restrictions imposed by the Fourteenth Amendment and the Bill of Rights through the process of incorporation) and the limits the Constitution places on the powers of the national government over state governments (e.g., the national government cannot abolish a state, the Tenth Amendment to the Constitution reserves certain powers to the states)
    Knowledge/skill statements
     1.Knows the limits the United States Constitution places on the powers of the states
     2.Knows the limits the Constitution places on the powers of the national government over state governments
     3.Knows that the U.S. Constitution prohibits states against impairing interstate commerce
     4.Knows the restrictions imposed by the Fourteenth Amendment and the Bill of Rights through the process of incorporation
     5.Knows that the national government cannot abolish a state by rule of the U.S. Constitution
     6.Knows that the Tenth Amendment to the Constitution reserves certain powers to the states
   Benchmark 2.Understands that the two kinds of power most commonly associated with state governments are reserved powers, which are powers not delegated to the national government or prohibited to states by the United States Constitution (e.g., legislation regarding public safety, marriage, and divorce; education; the conduct of elections; chartering regional and local governments; licensing drivers, businesses, and professions) and concurrent powers, which are powers jointly held with the national government (e.g., legislating taxation, regulating trade and industry, borrowing money, maintaining courts, protecting the environment)
    Knowledge/skill statements
     1.Knows that reserved powers are powers not delegated to the national government or prohibited to states
     2.Knows that concurrent powers are powers jointly held between the state and national governments
     3.Knows that reserved powers include legislation regarding public safety, marriage, and divorce
     4.Knows that reserved powers include education
     5.Knows that reserved powers include the conduct of elections
     6.Knows that reserved powers include chartering regional and local governments
     7.Knows that reserved powers include licensing drivers, businesses, and professions
     8.Knows that legislating taxation is a concurrent power
     9.Knows that regulating trade and industry is a concurrent power
     10.Knows that borrowing money is a concurrent power
     11.Knows that maintaining courts is a concurrent power
     12.Knows that protecting the environment is a concurrent power
   Benchmark 3.Understands criteria for evaluating how the relationship between state and local governments and the national government has changed over time
    Knowledge/skill statements
     1.Understands criteria for evaluating how the relationship between state governments and the national government has changed over time
     2.Understands criteria for evaluating how the relationship between local governments and the national government has changed over time