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Topic: Purpose and function of rules and laws 

Civics

 Standard 1.  Understands ideas about civic life, politics, and government
  Level II (Grade 3-5)
   Benchmark 4.Knows possible consequences of the absence of government and rules and laws (e.g., the strong may take advantage of the weak, people may become disorderly or violent, people may feel insecure or be unable to plan for the future)
    Knowledge/skill statements
     1.Knows possible consequences of the absence of government
     2.Knows possible consequences of the absence of rules and laws
     3.Knows that without government, the strong may take advantage of the weak
     4.Knows that without government, people may feel insecure
     5.Knows that without government, people may be unable to plan for the future
     6.Knows that without rules and laws, the strong may take advantage of the weak
     7.Knows that without rules and laws, people may feel insecure
     8.Knows that without rules and laws, people may be unable to plan for the future
 Standard 3.  Understands the sources, purposes, and functions of law, and the importance of the rule of law for the protection of individual rights and the common good
  Level Pre-K (Grade Pre-K)
   Benchmark 1.Understands rules and the purposes they serve
    Knowledge/skill statements
     1.Knows the classroom rules
     2.Knows the rules at his or her home
     3.Knows why rules are important
  Level I (Grade K-2)
   Benchmark 6.Knows that a good rule or law solves a specific problem, is fair, and "does not go too far"
    Knowledge/skill statements
     1.Knows that a good rule or law solves a specific problem
     2.Knows that a good rule or law is fair
     3.Knows that a good rule or law does not "go too far"
  Level II (Grade 3-5)
   Benchmark 1.Knows common ways in which rules and laws can be used (e.g., to describe how people should behave; to provide order, predictability, and security; to protect rights; to provide benefits; to assign burdens or responsibilities; to limit the power of people in authority)
    Knowledge/skill statements
     1.Knows common uses of rules
     2.Knows common uses of laws
     3.Knows that rules and laws describe how people should behave
     4.Knows that rules and laws provide order, predictability, and security
     5.Knows that rules and laws protect rights
     6.Knows that rules and laws provide benefits
     7.Knows that rules and laws assign burdens or responsibilities
     8.Knows that rules and laws limit the power of people in authority
   Benchmark 2.Knows the characteristics of an effective rule or law (e.g., well designed to achieve its purposes, understandable, possible to follow, fair, designed to protect individual rights and promote the common good)
    Knowledge/skill statements
     1.Knows the characteristics of an effective rule
     2.Knows the characteristics of an effective law
     3.Knows that an effective rule or law is well designed to achieve its purposes
     4.Knows that an effective rule or law is understandable
     5.Knows that an effective rule or law is possible to follow
     6.Knows that an effective rule or law is fair
     7.Knows that an effective rule or law is designed to protect individual rights
     8.Knows that an effective rule or law is designed to promote the common good
  Level IV (Grade 9-12)
   Benchmark 2.Knows alternative ideas about the purposes and functions of law (e.g., regulating relationships among people and between people and their government; providing order, predictability, security, and established procedures for the management of conflict; regulating social and economic relationships in civil society)
    Knowledge/skill statements
     1.Knows alternative ideas concerning the purpose of law
     2.Knows alternative ideas concerning the function of law
     3.Knows that one idea about the purpose and function of law is the regulation of the relationships among people
     4.Knows that one idea about the purpose and function of law is the regulation of the relationships between people and their government
     5.Knows that one idea about the purpose and function of law is the providing of order, predictability, and security
     6.Knows that one idea about the purpose and function of law is the providing of established procedures for managing conflict
     7.Knows that one idea about the purpose and function of law is the regulation of social and economic relationships in civil society
 Standard 8.  Understands the central ideas of American constitutional government and how this form of government has shaped the character of American society
  Level II (Grade 3-5)
   Benchmark 7.Understands the importance of respect for the law as a characteristic of American society (e.g., everyone, including government officials, must obey the law; people have the right to work together to see that laws they consider unfair or unwise are changed by peaceful means)
    Knowledge/skill statements
     1.Understands that everyone, including government officials, must obey the law
     2.Understands that people have the right to work together to see that laws they consider unfair or unwise are changed by peaceful means