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Topic: Necessity and purpose of government 

Civics

 Standard 1.  Understands ideas about civic life, politics, and government
  Level II (Grade 3-5)
   Benchmark 4.Knows possible consequences of the absence of government and rules and laws (e.g., the strong may take advantage of the weak, people may become disorderly or violent, people may feel insecure or be unable to plan for the future)
    Knowledge/skill statements
     1.Knows possible consequences of the absence of government
     2.Knows possible consequences of the absence of rules and laws
     3.Knows that without government, the strong may take advantage of the weak
     4.Knows that without government, people may feel insecure
     5.Knows that without government, people may be unable to plan for the future
     6.Knows that without rules and laws, the strong may take advantage of the weak
     7.Knows that without rules and laws, people may feel insecure
     8.Knows that without rules and laws, people may be unable to plan for the future
   Benchmark 5.Knows the basic purposes of government in the United States (e.g., to protect the rights of individuals, to promote the common good)
    Knowledge/skill statements
     1.Knows that one purpose of the United States’ government in the is to protect the rights of individuals
     2.Knows that one purpose of the United States’ government is to promote the common good
   Benchmark 6.Knows the major things governments do in one's school, community, state, and nation (e.g., make, carry out, and enforce laws; manage conflicts; provide national security)
    Knowledge/skill statements
     1.Knows the major things the government does in one’s school
     2.Knows the major things the government does in one’s community
     3.Knows the major things the government does in one’s state
     4.Knows the major things the government does in one’s nation
     5.Knows that the government one’s community, state, and nation makes, carries out, and enforces laws
     6.Knows that the government in one’s school, community, state, and nation manages conflicts
     7.Knows that the government in one’s nation provides national security
  Level III (Grade 6-8)
   Benchmark 4.Understands major ideas about why government is necessary (e.g., people's lives, liberty, and property would be insecure without government; individuals by themselves cannot do many of the things they can do collectively such as create a highway system, provide armed forces for the security of the nation, or make and enforce laws)
    Knowledge/skill statements
     1.Knows that without government, people’s lives, liberty, and property would be insecure
     2.Knows that without government, certain accomplishments that require collaboration, such as building a highway system, would be difficult
     3.Knows that without government, certain accomplishments that require collaboration, such as providing armed forces, would be difficult
     4.Knows that without government, certain accomplishments that require collaboration, such as making and enforcing, would be difficult
   Benchmark 5.Understands competing ideas about the purposes government should serve (e.g., whether government should protect individual rights, promote the common good, provide economic security, mold the character of citizens, promote a particular religion)
    Knowledge/skill statements
     1.Knows that not everyone agrees on the purposes government should serve
     2.Knows that some believe the government should protect the individual rights of citizens
     3.Knows that some believe the government should promote the common good
     4.Knows that some believe the government should provide economic security
     5.Knows that some believe the government should mold the character of citizens
     6.Knows that some believe the government should promote a particular religion
  Level IV (Grade 9-12)
   Benchmark 6.Understands major arguments for the necessity of politics and government (e.g., people cannot fulfill their potential without politics and government, people would be insecure or endangered without government, people working collectively can accomplish goals and solve problems they could not achieve alone)
    Knowledge/skill statements
     1.Understands major arguments for the necessity of politics
     2.Understands major arguments for the necessity of government
     3.Knows that some may argue that people cannot fulfill their potential without politics and government
     4.Knows that some may argue that people would be insecure or endangered without government
     5.Knows that some may argue that people working collectively can accomplish goals and solve problems they could not achieve without government and politics
   Benchmark 7.Understands some of the major competing ideas about the purposes of politics and government (e.g., achieving a religious vision, glorifying the state, enhancing economic prosperity, providing for a nation's security), and knows examples of past and present governments that serve these purposes
    Knowledge/skill statements
     1.Understands that some believe the purpose of politics and government is to achieve a religious vision
     2.Understands that some believe the purpose of politics and government is to glorify the state
     3.Understands that some believe the purpose of politics and government is to enhance economic prosperity
     4.Understands that some believe the purpose of politics and government is to provide for a nation’s security
     5.Knows examples of past governments that serve different purposes
     6.Knows examples of present governments that serve different purposes
   Benchmark 8.Understands how the purposes served by a government affect relationships between the individual and government and between government and society as a whole (e.g., the purpose of promoting a religious vision of what society should be like may require a government to restrict individual thought and actions, and place strict controls on the whole of the society)
    Knowledge/skill statements
     1.Understands how the purposes served by a government affect relationships between the individual and government
     2.Understands how the purposes served by a government affect the relationship between society and government
     3.Understands that the purpose of promoting a religious vision may require a government to restrict individual thought and actions
     4.Understands that the purpose of promoting a religious vision may require a government to place strict controls on the whole of the society