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Topic: Limited and unlimited government 

Civics

 Standard 2.  Understands the essential characteristics of limited and unlimited governments
  Level II (Grade 3-5)
   Benchmark 1.Knows the basic conditions necessary to support a limited government (e.g., everyone, including all the people in positions of authority, must obey the laws)
    Knowledge/skill statements
     1.Knows that everyone, including all the people in positions of authority, must obey the laws in a limited government
     2.Understands the concept of a limited government
   Benchmark 2.Knows how laws can limit the power of people in government (e.g., laws that prohibit a teacher from releasing personal information about students to people other than the students' parents or guardians; laws that prohibit governments from discriminating against people because of their religious or political beliefs)
    Knowledge/skill statements
     1.Knows that laws prohibit a teacher from releasing personal information about students to people other than the students’ parents or guardians
     2.Knows that laws prohibit governments from discriminating against people because of their religious or political beliefs
     3.Knows that some laws limit the power of others
   Benchmark 3.Knows the general characteristics of unlimited government (e.g., a dictatorship in which there are no effective controls over the powers of its rulers; the rulers cannot be easily removed from office by peaceful, legal means)
    Knowledge/skill statements
     1.Knows that a dictatorship, in which there are no effective controls over the powers of its rulers, is an unlimited government
     2.Knows that if the rulers cannot be easily removed from office by peaceful, legal means, it is an unlimited government
     3.Understands the concept of an unlimited government
   Benchmark 4.Understands how limited government helps to protect personal rights (e.g., to choose friends, to practice the religion of one's choice), political rights (e.g., to express opinions, to vote), and economic rights (e.g., to own property, to choose the kind of work one pleases)
    Knowledge/skill statements
     1.Understands how limited government helps to protect personal rights
     2.Understands how limited government helps to protect political rights
     3.Understands how limited government helps to protect economic rights
     4.Knows that the right to choose friends is a personal right
     5.Knows that the right to practice the religion of one’s choice is a personal right
     6.Knows that the right to express opinions is a political right
     7.Knows that the right to vote is a political right
     8.Knows that the right to own property is an economic right
     9.Knows that the right to choose the kind of work one pleases is an economic right
  Level III (Grade 6-8)
   Benchmark 1.Knows some of the restraints placed on a limited government's power (e.g., the legal limits placed on the political power of constitutional government)
    Knowledge/skill statements
     1.Knows the legal limits placed on the political power of constitutional government
   Benchmark 2.Understands the basic structure of authoritarian systems and totalitarian systems, and how these systems are considered unlimited governments
    Knowledge/skill statements
     1.Understands the structure of an authoritarian system
     2.Understands the structure of an totalitarian system
     3.Knows the authoritarian system is considered an unlimited government
     4.Knows the totalitarian system is considered an unlimited government
  Level IV (Grade 9-12)
   Benchmark 3.Understands how the individual, social, and economic relationships that make up civil society have been used to maintain limited government
    Knowledge/skill statements
     1.Understands how the individual relationships that make up civil society have been used to maintain limited government
     2.Understands how the social relationships that make up civil society have been used to maintain limited government
     3.Understands how the economic relationships that make up civil society have been used to maintain limited government
   Benchmark 4.Understands how relationships between government and civil society in constitutional democracies differ from those in authoritarian and totalitarian regimes
    Knowledge/skill statements
     1.Understands the relationship between government and civil society in a constitutional democracy
     2.Understands the relationship between government and civil society in a authoritarian regime
     3.Understands the relationship between government and civil society in a totalitarian regime
     4.Understands how the relationships between government and civil society differ in limited and unlimited governments