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Topic: Liberalism and American constitutional democracy 

Civics

 Standard 12.  Understands the relationships among liberalism, republicanism, and American constitutional democracy
  Level IV (Grade 9-12)
   Benchmark 1.Understands that the central idea of liberalism is the belief that the individual has rights that exist independently of government and that ought to be protected by and against government
    Knowledge/skill statements
     1.Understands that the central idea of liberalism is the belief that the individual has rights that exist independently of government
     2.Understands that in liberalism, it is believed that individual rights ought to be protected by and against government
   Benchmark 2.Knows the general history of liberalism (e.g., ideas of liberalism that emerged in the seventeenth century and developed during the eighteenth-century Enlightenment; relationship between liberalism and the Protestant Reformation and the rise of market economies and free enterprise)
    Knowledge/skill statements
     1.Understands the ideas of liberalism that emerged in the seventeenth century and developed during the eighteenth century Enlightenment
     2.Understands the relationship between liberalism and the Protestant Reformation and the rise of market economies and free enterprise
   Benchmark 3.Knows the difference between the use of the term "liberal" in referring to the American form of government and the use of the terms "liberal" and "conservative" in referring to positions on the spectrum of American politics
    Knowledge/skill statements
     1.Understands the use of the term "liberal" in referring to the American form of government
     2.Understands the use of the terms "liberal" and "conservative" in referring to positions on the spectrum of American politics
   Benchmark 4.Understands that the term "democracy" is derived from the Greek word for "rule by the people," and that the central focus of democracy is the idea that the people are the source of authority for government
    Knowledge/skill statements
     1.Understands that the term "democracy" is derived from the Greek word for "rule by the people"
     2.Understands that the central focus of democracy is the idea that the people are the source of authority for government
   Benchmark 5.Knows the difference between the use of the term "democratic" to refer to the American form of government and the use of the term to refer to the Democratic Party in the United States
    Knowledge/skill statements
     1.Understands the use of the term "democratic" to refer to the American form of government
     2.Understands the use of the term "democratic" to refer to the Democratic Party in the United States
   Benchmark 6.Understands how the basic premises of liberalism and democracy are joined in the Declaration of Independence, where they are stated as "self-evident Truths" (e.g., "all men are created equal," authority is derived from consent of the governed, people have the right to alter or abolish government when it fails to fulfill its purposes)
    Knowledge/skill statements
     1.Understands how the basic premises of liberalism and democracy are joined in the Declaration of Independence
     2.Understands the concept of "self evident Truths"
     3.Understands "all men are created equal" as a "self evident Truth"
     4.Understands the idea that authority is derived from consent of the governed as a "self evident Truth"
     5.Understands the idea that people have the right to alter or abolish government when it fails to fulfill its purposes as a "self evident Truth"
   Benchmark 11.Understands reasons why classical republicanism and liberalism are potentially in conflict (e.g., on the primary purpose of government as the promotion of the public good or as the promotion of the protection of individual rights)
    Knowledge/skill statements
     1.Knows that liberalism and republicanism differ on the primary purpose of government
     2.Knows that liberalism and republicanism differ on whether government should promote the public good or individual rights