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Topic: Institutions of the national government 

Civics

 Standard 15.  Understands how the United States Constitution grants and distributes power and responsibilities to national and state government and how it seeks to prevent the abuse of power
  Level IV (Grade 9-12)
   Benchmark 5.Understands the purposes, organization, and functions of the legislative, executive, and judicial branches and the independent regulatory agencies (e.g., agencies such as the Federal Reserve, Food and Drug Administration, Federal Communications Commission)
    Knowledge/skill statements
     1.Understands the purpose of the legislative branch of government
     2.Understands the organization of the legislative branch of government
     3.Understands the functions of the legislative branch of government
     4.Understands the purpose of the executive branch of government
     5.Understands the organization of the executive branch of government
     6.Understands the functions of the executive branch of government
     7.Understands the purpose of the judicial branch of government
     8.Understands the organization of the judicial branch of government
     9.Understands the functions of the judicial branch of government
     10.Understands the purpose of independent regulatory agencies
     11.Understands the organization of independent regulatory agencies
     12.Understands the functions of independent regulatory agencies
     13.Understands the purpose, organization, and function of the Federal Reserve
     14.Understands the purpose, organization, and function of the Food and Drug Administration
     15.Understands the purpose, organization, and function of the Federal Communications Commission
   Benchmark 6.Understands the extent to which each branch of the government reflects the people's sovereignty (e.g., Congress legislates on behalf of the people, the president represents the nation as a whole, the Supreme Court interprets the Constitution on behalf of the people)
    Knowledge/skill statements
     1.Understands the extent to which the legislative branch reflects the people’s sovereignty
     2.Understands the extent to which the executive branch reflects the people’s sovereignty
     3.Understands the extent to which the judicial branch reflects the people’s sovereignty
     4.Knows that Congress legislates on behalf of the people
     5.Knows that the president represents the nation as a whole
     6.Knows that the Supreme Court interprets the Constitution on behalf of the people
   Benchmark 7.Understands how specific features and the overall design of the Constitution results in tensions among the three branches (e.g., the power of the purse, the power of impeachment, advice and consent, veto power, judicial review), and comprehends the argument that the tensions resulting from separation of powers, checks and balances, and judicial review tend to slow down the process of making and enforcing laws, thus insuring better outcomes
    Knowledge/skill statements
     1.Understands how specific features of the Constitution result in tensions among the three branches
     2.Understands how the overall design of the Constitution results in tensions among the three branches
     3.Understands that the power of the purse results in tensions among the branches of government
     4.Understands that the power of impeachment results in tensions among the branches of government
     5.Understands that advice and consent results in tensions among the branches of government
     6.Understands that veto power results in tensions among the branches of government
     7.Understands that judicial review results in tensions among the branches of government
     8.Understands the argument that the tensions resulting from the separation of powers tend to slow down the process of making and enforcing laws
     9.Understands the argument that the tensions resulting from checks and balances tend to slow down the process of making and enforcing laws
     10.Understands the argument that the tensions resulting from judicial review tend to slow down the process of making and enforcing laws
     11.Understands that tensions that tend to slow down the process of making and enforcing laws ensures better outcomes