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Topic: Influence of media on American political life 

Civics

 Standard 19.  Understands what is meant by "the public agenda," how it is set, and how it is influenced by public opinion and the media
  Level III (Grade 6-8)
   Benchmark 3.Understands the importance of freedom of the press to informed participation in the political system; and understands the influence of television, radio, the press, newsletters, and emerging means of electronic communication on American politics
    Knowledge/skill statements
     1.Understands the importance of freedom of the press to informed participation in the political system
     2.Understands the influence of television on American politics
     3.Understands the influence of radio on American politics
     4.Understands the influence of the press on American politics
     5.Understands the influence of newsletters on American politics
     6.Understands the influence of the internet and email on American politics
   Benchmark 4.Knows how Congress, the president, the Supreme Court, and state and local public officials use the media to communicate with the citizenry
    Knowledge/skill statements
     1.Knows how Congress uses the media to communicate with the citizenry
     2.Knows how the president uses the media to communicate with the citizenry
     3.Knows how the Supreme Court uses the media to communicate with the citizenry
     4.Knows how state and local public officials use the media to communicate with the citizenry
   Benchmark 5.Understands how citizens can evaluate information and arguments received from various sources so that they can make reasonable choices on public issues and among candidates for political office
    Knowledge/skill statements
     1.Understands how citizens can evaluate information received from various sources
     2.Understands how citizens can evaluate arguments received from various sources
     3.Understands how citizens can evaluate information so that they can make reasonable choices on public issues and among candidates for political office
     4.Understands how citizens can evaluate arguments so that they can make reasonable choices on public issues and among candidates for political office
   Benchmark 6.Understands the opportunities that the media provides for individuals to monitor the actions of their government (e.g., televised broadcasts of proceedings of governmental agencies such as Congress and the courts, public officials' press conferences) and communicate their concerns and positions on current issues (e.g., letters to the editor, talk shows, "op-ed pages," public opinion polls)
    Knowledge/skill statements
     1.Understands the opportunities that the media provided for individuals to monitor the actions of their government
     2.Knows that individuals can monitor the actions of the government through televised broadcasts of proceedings of Congress
     3.Knows that individuals can monitor the actions of the government through televised broadcasts of proceedings of the courts
     4.Knows that individuals can monitor the actions of the government through televised broadcasts of public officials’ press conferences
     5.Understands opportunities that the media provides for individuals to communicate their concerns and positions on current issues
     6.Knows that individuals can communicate their concerns and positions on current issues through letters to the editor
     7.Knows that individuals can communicate their concerns and positions on current issues on talk shows
     8.Knows that individuals can communicate their concerns and positions on current issues through public opinion polls
  Level IV (Grade 9-12)
   Benchmark 6.Understands the ways in which television, radio, the press, newsletters, and emerging means of communication influence American politics; and understands the extent to which various traditional forms of political persuasion have been replaced by electronic media
    Knowledge/skill statements
     1.Understands the ways in which television influences American politics
     2.Understands the ways in which emerging means of communication influence American politics
     3.Understands the ways in which the press influences American politics
     4.Understands the ways in which newsletters influence American politics
     5.Understands the ways in which emerging means of communication influence American politics
     6.Understands the ways in which email influences American politics
   Benchmark 7.Knows how to use criteria such as logical validity, factual accuracy, emotional appeal, distorted evidence, and appeals to bias or prejudice in order to evaluate various forms of historical and contemporary political communication (e.g., Lincoln's "House Divided," Sojourner Truth's "Ain't I a Woman?," Chief Joseph's "I Shall Fight No More Forever," Martin Luther King, Jr.'s "I Have a Dream," campaign advertisements, political cartoons)
    Knowledge/skill statements
     1.Knows how to use logical validity to evaluate various forms of historical and contemporary political communication
     2.Knows how to use factual accuracy to evaluate various forms of historical and contemporary political communication
     3.Knows how to use emotional appeal to evaluate various forms of historical and contemporary political communication
     4.Knows how to use distorted evidence to evaluate various forms of historical and contemporary political communication
     5.Knows how to use appeals to bias to evaluate various forms of historical and contemporary political communication
     6.Knows how to use appeals to prejudice to evaluate various forms of historical and contemporary political communication
     7.Knows that Lincolns "House Divided" can be evaluated using specific criteria
     8.Knows that Sojourner Truth’s "Ain’t I a Woman?" can be evaluated using specific criteria
     9.Knows that Chief Joseph’s "I Shall Fight No More Forever" can be evaluated using specific criteria
     10.Knows that Martin Luther King Jr.’s "I Have a Dream" can be evaluated using specific criteria
     11.Knows that campaign advertisements can be evaluated using specific criteria
     12.Knows that political cartoons can be evaluated using specific criteria